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Unemployment Rate

NORTHEAST BC UNEMPLOYMENT RATES

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2008 -- -- -- 4.3 5.0 5.9 6.2 6.3 5.8 5.0 4.5 3.6
2009 4.6 4.6 6.5 6.5 8.4 7.7 7.9 8.3 7.9 7.2 5.5 5.4
2010 4.9 4.4 4.6 5.3 6.9 7.5 7.2 6.7 7.6 7.6 6.4 7.1
2011 9.0 9.1 8.1 5.4 5.1 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3 -- --
2012 -- 3.7 3.6 4.2 3.9 4.8 4.3 4.8 4.4 3.8 -- --
2013 -- 4.1 4.6 5.2 6.1 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.9 3.6 4.7
2014 6.6 7.4 8.2 8.6 8.0 5.9 4.7 4.1 4.0 -- -- --
2015 -- -- 4.2 4.7 5.9 6.1 6.4 5.5 5.5 6.2 7.0 7.6
2016 8.5 9.2 9.7 9.4 9.6 9.2 8.8 8.6 9.4 9.7 10.0 10.5
2017 10.5 8.7 6.5 5.4 7.0              

In May 2017, the unemployment rate in BC is 5.5% and 8.4% in Alberta.

-- : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 5.4% in March, up from 5.1% in February, but lower than it was in March 2016, when it was 6.4%. Compared to February, there were 13,900 more people in the labour force. Employment grew (+4,200) during this time period, but the number of unemployed also went up (+9,700). Over the past twelve months, job growth (+81,900) was greater than the growth in the labour force (+60,000).

Compared to February, there were 2,200 fewer full-time jobs, while part-time jobs increased by 6,300.

In March, employment in the public sector went down (-6,900), while the number of jobs in the private sector grew (+18,600). The number of self-employed individuals fell (-7,600) during the same time period.

Provincial Comparisons

At 5.4%, British Columbia's unemployment rate remained the lowest in Canada during the month of March. Manitoba (5.5%) and Saskatchewan (6.0%) recorded the second and third lowest unemployment rates. At 8.4%, Alberta's unemployment rate was tied at sixth lowest among the provinces.

National Highlights

During the month of March, employment in Canada was little changed (+19,400 or +0.1%), while the unemployment rate rose 0.1 percentage points to 6.7% as more people searched for work.

Gender

In March, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) grew by 2,900 jobs, while the labour force increased by 7,600. As a result, the unemployment rate was 4.9%, up 0.3 percentage points from the previous month.

For women (aged 25 years and over), employment decreased by 2,300 jobs. The labour force also contracted, though at a slower pace (-1,900), with the unemployment rate steady at 4.3%.

Compared to March 2016, the unemployment rate for men was down by 1.0 percentage points to 4.9%, and for women it was down by 0.4 percentage points to 4.3%. Jobs for men increased by 23,300 (+2.2%) compared to a year ago, and for women employment climbed by 38,500 (+4.0%).

Youths Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years rose by 1.0 percentage points to 9.7% in March. Employment increased by 3,600 jobs while the labour force strengthened by 8,200 people. Compared to March 2016, the unemployment rate for youth decreased by 2.8 percentage points to 9.7%.

Industry

In March, employment in the goods-producing sector was relatively unchanged (-1,100 or -0.2%) overall. The majority of the employment losses were in agriculture (-2,500 or -8.7%) and construction (-1,700 or -0.8%). Employment increased for forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (+3,700 or +7.7%). Compared to March 2016, the goods-producing sector gained 9,800 (+2.1%) jobs.

Employment in the services-producing sector increased by 5,300 (+0.3%) jobs in March. Industries posting gains included information, culture and recreation (+12,000 or +9.3%), wholesale and retail trade (+8,500 or +2.3%), and other services (+2,700 or +2.3%). Accommodation and food services accounted for the largest decline in the sector (-7,500 or -4.1%), followed by educational services (-6,600 or -4.0%) and public administration (-3,800 or -3.6%). The services-produced sector expanded by 72,100 (+3.8%) jobs since March 2016.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

April 2017

The number of regular Employment Insurance (EI) beneficiaries fell by 7,000 (-1.3%) to 541,200 in April, a sixth consecutive monthly decline.

The number of people receiving benefits decreased in four provinces, most notably in Alberta (-3.8%) and Ontario (-2.3%), followed by Manitoba (-1.4%) and Quebec (-1.3%). Conversely, the number of beneficiaries increased in Newfoundland and Labrador (+2.3%), Saskatchewan (+1.6%) and Prince Edward Island (+1.3%). There was little change in the remaining provinces.

On a year-over-year basis, the number of people receiving benefits in Canada edged down 3,400 (-0.6%) in April.

In general, changes in the number of beneficiaries reflect various situations, including people becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, and those no longer receiving regular benefits.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

In Alberta, 79,200 people received benefits in April, down 3.8% from the previous month. This was the sixth consecutive monthly decline for the province. Data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) show that employment in the province has trended upward since the autumn of 2016, following a downward trend that began in 2015. Declines in the number of beneficiaries occurred throughout the province, including the census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Edmonton (-3.9%) and Calgary (-2.5%). In the 12 months to April, the number of beneficiaries was up 7.9% in the province, the smallest year-over-year increase since January 2015.

In Ontario, 132,500 people received benefits in April, 2.3% fewer beneficiaries than the previous month. Most areas in the province recorded decreases in the number of beneficiaries, including Windsor (-12.0%), Thunder Bay (-7.1%) and St. Catharines-Niagara (-6.7%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of people receiving benefits in Ontario declined by 5.0%. According to the LFS, employment in Ontario grew by 1.2% in the 12 months to April. Over this period, the unemployment rate hovered below the national average, suggesting healthy labour market conditions. In April, the unemployment rate in Ontario was 5.8% or 0.7 percentage points below the national rate.

The number of beneficiaries in Manitoba decreased in April, down 1.4% to 15,200, a third consecutive monthly decline. Most of the provincial decrease occurred in the CMA of Winnipeg (-2.5%).

In Quebec, the number of people receiving benefits fell by 1.3% in April to 132,900, offsetting an equivalent increase in the previous month. Decreases were observed throughout the province, notably in the CMAs of Sherbrooke (-7.1%), Montreal (-1.6%) and Quebec (-1.6%). In April, the number of beneficiaries matched the level registered in February, which was the lowest level observed since the series began in 1997. In the 12 months to April, the number of beneficiaries in the province was down by 7.8%, the largest year-over-year decrease observed among the provinces.

In April, the number of people receiving benefits in Newfoundland and Labrador grew by 2.3% to 38,000. Although the number of beneficiaries was up by 1.6% in the CMA of St. John's, areas outside of this CMA and the census agglomerations (+2.7%) accounted for most of the provincial increase. In April, the number of beneficiaries was 14.1% greater than 12 months earlier.

In Saskatchewan, 18,900 people received benefits in April, up 1.6% from the previous month. Increases were observed in the CMAs of Regina (+3.6%) and Saskatoon (+2.1%), as well as in areas outside CMAs and census agglomerations (+2.3%). On a year-over-year basis, there were 16.3% more beneficiaries in April.

In April, the number of beneficiaries in Prince Edward Island grew by 1.3% to 8,000. The rise occurred mainly in areas outside census agglomerations (+1.6%).

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

The number of beneficiaries rose in 6 of the 10 broad occupational groups in the 12 months to April. The most notable increase was in occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport (+11.5%), followed by occupations in education, law and social, community and government services (+7.6%). The number of beneficiaries whose last job was in occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport has trended upward since February 2016. Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services is the only other group for which the number of beneficiaries has trended upward in recent months.

In April, the number of beneficiaries whose last job was in occupations in manufacturing and utilities (-5.1%) and natural and applied science occupations (-3.9%) registered the largest year-over-year decreases. The number of beneficiaries in manufacturing and utilities was at the lowest level observed since 2008, the beginning of the current occupational series. In the 12 months to April, employment in this occupational group was up 3.7%, according to the LFS.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries in major demographic groups

In April, there was a decrease in the number of male beneficiaries aged 15 to 24 (-2.4%) and those aged 25 to 54 (-2.3%) compared to the previous month. The other major demographic groups were little changed.

On a year-over-year basis, the number of male beneficiaries (-3.1%) decreased, while the number of female beneficiaries (+3.8%) increased. For men, increases in the number of beneficiaries among those aged 55 and older (+5.8%) partly offset decreases among those aged 15 to 24 (-10.4%) and 25 to 54 (-4.9%). For women, growth in the number of beneficiaries was observed across all age groups.

Employment Insurance claims

Following little change in March, the number of EI claims increased by 4.1% (+9,600) to 240,000 in April. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

In April, EI claims rose in five provinces, led by Newfoundland and Labrador (+39.8%) and Saskatchewan (+13.1%). The increase in Newfoundland and Labrador accounted for about 40% of the national net increase.

Notable increases in the number of claims were also observed in Quebec (+5.5%) and Alberta (+4.7%), offsetting declines observed in these provinces in March. On the other hand, the number of claims fell in Manitoba (-1.8%) and New Brunswick (-1.3%).

Compared with April 2016, EI claims were virtually unchanged at the national level.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170622/dq170622b-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

May 2017

Employment rose by 55,000 in May, spurred by an increase in full-time work (+77,000). At the same time, the unemployment rate rose by 0.1 percentage points to 6.6%, the result of more people participating in the labour market. The employment increase in May builds on gains since July 2016, when the current upward trend began.

Compared with 12 months earlier, there were 317,000 (+1.8%) more people employed, mostly the result of increases in full-time work. Over the same period, the total number of hours worked rose 0.7%.

Highlights

In May, employment increased among youth aged 15 to 24 and men aged 25 to 54. At the same time, employment held steady for women aged 25 to 54 and people 55 years of age and older.

Employment rose in Ontario, British Columbia, Manitoba and Prince Edward Island. There was little change in the other provinces.

In May, employment increased in several industries, led by professional, scientific and technical services as well as manufacturing. There were smaller increases in transportation and warehousing; wholesale and retail trade; as well as health care and social assistance. In contrast, fewer people worked in finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing; information, culture and recreation; and public administration.

The number of private sector employees increased in May, while public sector employment and self-employment were little changed.

Employment up for youth and men aged 25 to 54

In May, employment among youth aged 15 to 24 rose by 28,000, the result of full-time gains, largely in Ontario and British Columbia. This was the first notable increase for youth since October 2016. The youth unemployment rate was little changed in May at 12.0%, as more young people participated in the labour market. Compared with 12 months earlier, youth employment increased by 2.7% (+64,000), the fastest year-over-year growth since February 2013. This year-over-year gain was mostly in part-time work. Over the same 12-month period, the youth population declined by 0.9% (-38,000), continuing a downward trend.

Employment for men aged 25 to 54 rose by 25,000 in May, the third notable monthly increase so far in 2017. The unemployment rate for men in this age group fell by 0.3 percentage points to 5.8%. On a year-over-year basis, employment for men aged 25 to 54 rose by 96,000 (+1.5%), with increases evenly distributed between full- and part-time work.

For women aged 25 to 54, employment held steady in May and their unemployment rate was 5.3%. In the 12 months to May, employment for this group of women rose by 61,000 (+1.1%), the result of gains in full-time work.

Among people aged 55 and older, employment was little changed in May, while their unemployment rate rose by 0.4 percentage points to 6.0% as more people in this age group searched for work. On a year-over-year basis, more people aged 55 and older were working (+96,000 or +2.6%), largely the result of the continued transition of the baby-boom cohort into this older age group.

Notable employment gains in four provinces

In Ontario, employment increased by 20,000 in May, the result of additional employment among youth aged 15 to 24. The overall unemployment rate in Ontario rose by 0.7 percentage points to 6.5% as more people searched for work. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in Ontario was up 86,000 (+1.2%).

In British Columbia, employment increased by 12,000 in May, continuing an upward trend that began in the spring of 2015. Compared with May 2016, employment in the province grew by 99,000 (+4.2%), mostly the result of gains in full-time work. The unemployment rate in British Columbia was little changed at 5.6% in May.

Employment in Manitoba rose by 2,700 in May, bringing total gains since November 2016 to 11,000 (+1.7%). In May, the unemployment rate in the province was little changed at 5.3%.

There were an estimated 1,500 more people working in Prince Edward Island in May, and the unemployment rate for the province was little changed at 10.0%. Prince Edward Island has had relatively strong employment growth since the autumn of 2016. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province was up 3,400 (+4.7%).

In Quebec, employment edged up 15,000 in May as a notable gain in full-time work was partly offset by a slight decline in part-time employment. With fewer job-seekers, Quebec's unemployment rate fell 0.6 percentage points to a record low 6.0%, continuing a downward trend since the beginning of 2016. In the 12 months to May, employment in the province increased by 83,000 (+2.0%), mostly in the second half of 2016.

Employment in Alberta held steady in May as full-time gains totalling 19,000 were offset by losses in part-time work. Employment in the province increased by 41,000 (+1.8%) on a year-over-year basis.

Widespread industry employment gains

In May, employment increased by 26,000 in professional, scientific and technical services, contributing to year-over-year gains totalling 50,000 (+3.6%). Ontario and Quebec accounted for the bulk of the increase in May.

Following a downward trend in manufacturing throughout 2016, employment rose by 25,000 in May, the second increase in three months. Ontario had the largest gain in the month. Since the start of 2017, gains in manufacturing have totalled 43,000 (+2.6%).

There were 17,000 additional workers in transportation and warehousing in May, continuing an upward trend that began at the start of 2016. The increase in May was mainly in Quebec. On a year-over-year basis, national employment in this industry increased by 40,000 (+4.4%).

In wholesale and retail trade, employment increased for the third time in four months, up 15,000 in May, powered by gains in Ontario. On a year-over-year basis, there were 74,000 (+2.7%) more people employed in the industry. Wholesale and retail trade continued to be the largest industry group by employment, accounting for an estimated 2.8 million people or 15.3% of all workers.

Employment in health care and social assistance increased for the second consecutive month, up 15,000 in May. The lion's share of the increase was in Ontario. The added employment in May boosted total gains at the national level for the industry to 63,000 (+2.7%) from May 2016.

Employment declined by 17,000 in finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing, the first notable decrease since November 2015. Ontario accounted for all of the decline in May. Despite fewer workers in May, employment in the industry was up 38,000 (+3.4%) compared with May 2016.

Information, culture and recreation employment declined by 16,000 in May, contributing to losses totalling 28,000 since the start of 2017. The decline in May was mainly in Ontario. As a result of these recent declines, employment in the industry matched the level observed in May 2016.

There were 12,000 fewer people working in public administration in May, with declines in Ontario and British Columbia. Despite the decline in the month, employment in the industry increased by 26,000 (+2.8%) in the 12 months to May, with gains in local, municipal and regional public administration as well as federal public administration.

The number of private sector employees increased by 59,000 in May, while there was little change in public sector employment. On a year-over-year basis, the number of private sector employees rose by 213,000 (+1.8%) and public sector employment was up 77,000 (+2.1%).

Self-employment was little changed both in the month and compared with May 2016.

Summer employment for students

From May to August, the Labour Force Survey collects labour market data on youths aged 15 to 24 who were attending school full time in March and who intend to return to school full time in the fall. The May survey results provide the first indicators of the summer job market, especially for students aged 20 to 24, as many younger students are still in school. Data for June, July and August will provide further insight into the summer job market. Published data are not seasonally adjusted and, therefore, comparisons can only be made with data for the same month in previous years.

In May, employment among 20- to 24-year-old students was virtually unchanged and the employment rate was 58.9%, little changed from 12 months earlier. The unemployment rate for this group of students was 13.3%, also little changed compared with May 2016.

In May, there were 19,000 additional 17- to 19-year-old students employed compared with May 2016, resulting in a slight increase in their employment rate, up 1.3 percentage point to 51.4%. All of the employment increase for this group of students was in part-time work. The unemployment rate for this younger group of students was 14.7%.

Canada–United States comparison

Adjusted to the concepts used in the United States, the unemployment rate in Canada was 5.6% in May, compared with 4.3% in the United States. In the 12 months to May 2017, the unemployment rate fell by 0.3 percentage points in Canada and by 0.4 percentage points in the Unites States.

The labour force participation rate in Canada (adjusted to US concepts) was 65.7% in May compared with 62.7% in the United States. On a year-over-year basis, the participation rate increased by 0.2 percentage points in Canada, while it edged up by 0.1 percentage points in the United States.

The US-adjusted employment rate in Canada stood at 62.1% in May compared with 60.0% in the United States. On a year-over-year basis, the employment rate rose by 0.5 percentage points in Canada and by 0.3 percentage points in the United States.

For further information on Canada-US comparisons, see "Measuring Employment and Unemployment in Canada and the United States -- A comparison."

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170609/dq170609a-eng.htm


Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

April 2017

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $971 in April, little changed from March. Compared with April 2016, earnings were up 2.0%, with most of the increase occurring in the last two months of 2016.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.6 hours per week in April, unchanged from the previous month and down from 32.9 hours in April 2016.

Average weekly earnings by sector

Compared with April 2016, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees grew in 6 of the 10 largest industrial sectors. Earnings rose most rapidly in wholesale trade, followed by administrative and support services, health care and social assistance, manufacturing, public administration, and educational services. Average earnings declined in retail trade, while there was little change in the remaining large sectors.

Average weekly earnings in wholesale trade were up 5.2% to $1,219, with the largest increase in wholesalers of machinery, equipment and supplies. Earnings in the wholesale trade sector rose fastest in Ontario, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland and Labrador. Earnings in wholesale trade have been on an upward trend since December 2016.

In administrative and support services, average weekly earnings rose 5.0% to $824. Earnings growth was observed in several provinces, with the largest increases in Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador.

Average weekly earnings in health care and social assistance increased 4.7% to $895, driven by gains in the nursing and residential care facilities subsector and in the hospitals subsector. Growth in this sector was widespread across the provinces, led by Saskatchewan.

In manufacturing, average weekly earnings grew 2.8% to $1,112, notably in the primary metal, machinery, and wood product manufacturing subsectors. Ontario and Quebec contributed the most to earnings growth in this sector.

Average weekly earnings in public administration rose 2.3% to $1,240, boosted by gains in local, municipal and regional public administration. The largest increases in public administration earnings were in the western provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and British Columbia.

In educational services, average weekly earnings increased 2.2% to $1,043, driven by increases in elementary and secondary schools, and community colleges and CEGEPs. Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador had the largest rise in average earnings among the provinces.

In contrast, average weekly earnings in retail trade were down 1.7% to $560, driven by decreases in general merchandise stores. Declines were observed in most provinces and were largest in Prince Edward Island.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to April, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were up in seven provinces, led by Manitoba. Earnings were little changed in Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Alberta.

Average weekly earnings in Manitoba rose 3.6% to $920, driven by finance and insurance, health care and social assistance, and construction. Earnings in the province have trended upwards since October 2016.

Average weekly earnings in Quebec increased 2.8% to $899. Earnings growth was spread across most sectors, with health care and social assistance, manufacturing, administrative and support services, and wholesale trade contributing the most to the gains. Earnings in the province have been on an upward trend since the summer of 2016.

In Newfoundland and Labrador, average weekly earnings grew 2.7% to $1,032. Earnings in the province were boosted by notable gains in health care and social assistance, construction and educational services.

In Saskatchewan, average weekly earnings were up 2.1% to $1,005, primarily driven by health care and social assistance, and educational services.

Average weekly earnings in Ontario grew 2.0% to $988. Earnings growth was most notable in wholesale trade, and health care and social assistance.

In British Columbia, average weekly earnings rose 1.4% to $934, with finance and insurance, and educational services contributing most to the rise.

Average weekly earnings in Nova Scotia increased 1.1% to $863. This growth was mostly attributable to finance and insurance, and transportation and warehousing.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The total number of non-farm payroll employees was little changed in April. However, the number of payroll jobs rose in administrative and support services, transportation and warehousing, and mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction. At the same time, the number of payroll employees declined in retail trade and in information and cultural industries.

In the 12 months to April, the number of non-farm payroll employees rose by 232,600 (+1.5%). Increases were observed in most of the largest industrial sectors, led by health care and social assistance (+36,000 or +1.9%), accommodation and food services (+30,600 or +2.4%), and professional, scientific and technical services (+24,600 or +2.9%). At the same time, there were fewer payroll jobs in wholesale trade (-2,800 or -0.4%).

Following a downward trend that began at the end of 2014, the number of jobs increased in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (+12,300 or +6.6%) since October 2016, primarily the result of gains in Alberta.

Recent labour market developments

In the 12 months to April, the pace of employment growth has been similar in both of Statistics Canada's monthly surveys with data on employment: the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH) and the Labour Force Survey (LFS).

During this period, both surveys showed employment gains in the most populous provinces of Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia, as well as in Manitoba. For example, in Manitoba, the number of payroll employees in the SEPH grew 1.0%, while average weekly earnings rose 3.6%. At the same time, the LFS showed similar employment growth in the province, and the unemployment rate declined 0.8 percentage points to 5.4%.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170629/dq170629a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan