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Unemployment Rate

NORTHEAST BC UNEMPLOYMENT RATES

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2005 4.9 4.4 4.9 4.1 5.6 5.2 4.9 4.2 4.3 4.4 -- --
2006 -- -- -- -- -- 4.4 -- -- 4.2 5.2 4.9 --
2007 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2008 -- -- -- 4.3 5.0 5.9 6.2 6.3 5.8 5.0 4.5 3.6
2009 4.6 4.6 6.5 6.5 8.4 7.7 7.9 8.3 7.9 7.2 5.5 5.4
2010 4.9 4.4 4.6 5.3 6.9 7.5 7.2 6.7 7.6 7.6 6.4 7.1
2011 9.0 9.1 8.1 5.4 5.1 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3 -- --
2012 -- 3.7 3.6 4.2 3.9 4.8 4.3 4.8 4.4 3.8 -- --
2013 -- 4.1 4.6 5.2 6.1 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.9 3.6 4.7
2014 6.6 7.4 8.2 8.6 8.0 5.9 4.7 4.1 4.0 -- -- --
2015 -- -- 4.2 4.7 5.9 6.1 6.4 5.5 5.5 6.2 7.0 7.6
2016 8.5 9.2 9.7 9.4 9.6 9.2 8.8 8.6 9.4 9.7 10.0 10.5

In December 2016, the unemployment rate in BC is 5.7% and 8.1% in Alberta.

-- : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 5.8% in December, down from 6.1% in November. The gain in employment relative to the previous month (+17,000) was much greater than the increase in size of the labour force (+9,100). The unemployment rate was lower compared to December of 2015, when it was 6.7%. Job growth (+72,400) was greater than the growth in the labour force (+52,500) over the course of the past twelve months.

Compared to November, there was an increase in both full-time (+2,100) and part-time (+14,900) jobs. Core working-age individuals (25 to 54 years of age) and older workers (age 55 and above) experienced increases in full-time employment (+3,200 and +2,600, respectively). On the other hand, full-time employment dropped (-3,700) for workers aged 15 to 24 years.

In December, employment in the private sector increased relative to the month before (+26,200), while public sector employment experienced a slight decline (-1,400). The number of self-employed individuals dropped by 7,800 during the same time period.

Provincial Comparisons

At 5.8%, British Columbia's unemployment rate remained the lowest in Canada during the month of December. Manitoba (6.3%) and Ontario (6.4%) recorded the second and third lowest unemployment rates. At 8.5%, Alberta's unemployment rate was the seventh lowest among all the provinces.

National Highlights

During the month of December, job growth in Canada as a whole (+53,700) was offset by an increase in the size of the labour force (+68,500). As a result, the national unemployment rate edged up by 0.1 percentage point to 6.9%.

Gender

In December, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) was unchanged (-100 jobs), while the labour force was stable (+100). As a result, the unemployment rate remained 5.6%.

For women (aged 25 years and over), employment increased by 8,900 jobs. The labour force grew at a slower pace (+8,200), edging the unemployment rate down by 0.1 percentage points to 5.0%.

Compared to December 2015, the unemployment rate for men was down by 0.5 percentage points to 5.6%, and for women it was down by 0.3 percentage points to 5.0%. Jobs for men increased by 20,600 (+1.9%) compared to a year ago, and for women employment climbed by 40,200 (+4.2%).

Youths Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years dropped by 2.1 percentage points to 8.5% in December. Employment increased by 8,300 jobs while the labour force grew by 800 people. All job gains for youth were in part-time employment (+12,000 jobs), with full-time employment (-3,700) declining. Compared to December 2015, the unemployment rate for youth decreased by 3.9 percentage points to 8.5%.

Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs)

In December, employment rose for Vancouver (+12,300 or +0.9%), areas outside the CMAs (+8,400 or +1.3%) and Kelowna (+1,800 or +1.9%). Employment declined in Victoria (-4,400 or -2.3%) and Abbotsford (‑1,100 or -1.2%).

Industry

In December, employment in the goods-producing sector was relatively unchanged (-1,200 or -0.3%) overall. Employment declined in forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (-3,800 or -7.5%), and construction (-2,700 or -1.2%). Agriculture (+3,400 or +12.9%) and manufacturing (+2,100 or 1.2%) posted gains. Compared to December 2015, the goods-producing sector gained 5,600 (+1.2%) jobs.

Employment in the services-producing sector increased by 18,300 (+1.0%) jobs in December. Accommodation and food services (+11,600 or +6.6%) and wholesale and retail trade (+9,800 or +2.7%) led the sector, followed by other services (+4,100 or +3.9%) and transportation and warehousing (+3,500 or +2.5%). Industries posting declines included business, building and other support services (-8,600 or -8.0%), public administration (-1,900 or -1.8%), information, culture and recreation (-1,400 or -1.1%), and professional, scientific and technical services (-1,400 or -0.7%). The services-producing sector expanded by 66,900 (+3.6%) jobs since December 2015.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

November 2016

In November, 574,500 people received regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, essentially unchanged from the previous month.

Provincially, from October to November 2016, there were more EI beneficiaries in Alberta (+3.4%), Prince Edward Island (+1.3%) and Manitoba (+1.2%), while there were fewer in Quebec (-1.8%) and Ontario (-1.3%). There was little change in the other provinces.

In the 12 months to November, the number of regular EI beneficiaries in Canada increased by 26,700 (+4.9%).

In general, changes in the number of regular EI beneficiaries reflect various situations, including people becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work and those no longer receiving regular benefits. In addition, part of the year-over-year increase may be related to EI policy changes, such as those that came into effect in July 2016.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

In Alberta, 96,900 people received EI benefits in November, up 3.4% from the previous month. The majority of the increase occurred in the census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Calgary (+5.1%) and Edmonton (+4.9%). Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of beneficiaries in the province rose by 57.4%.

Prince Edward Island had more EI beneficiaries in November, up 1.3% from October to 7,900. In the 12 months to November, the number of EI beneficiaries increased by 4.8%.

In Manitoba, the number of EI beneficiaries rose by 1.2% to 15,700. All of the increase was in areas outside of Winnipeg. Compared with November 2015, the number of beneficiaries in Manitoba increased by 2.7%.

In contrast, the number of EI recipients in Quebec fell for the fourth consecutive month, down 1.8% from October to 135,300. Declines were largely observed throughout the province, with Montréal reporting a 2.0% decrease. Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of beneficiaries in the province was down 10.2%.

Ontario also had fewer beneficiaries in November, down 1.3% from October to 137,700. This decline was primarily driven by the CMAs, particularly Toronto (-3.0%). Windsor (+9.7%) was the lone CMA in the province with notably more beneficiaries in November. In the 12 months to November, the number of EI beneficiaries in Ontario decreased by 5.9%.

Regular Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

Looking at EI beneficiaries based on their last occupation, increases were observed in 7 of the 10 major occupation groups in the 12 months to November, most notably in natural and applied sciences (+10.8%), management (+9.5%) as well as business, finance and administration (+9.3%).

In contrast, there were fewer beneficiaries whose last job was in the occupational group of education, law and social, community and government services (-9.0%). The number of beneficiaries was little changed in art, culture, recreation and sport, as well as in manufacturing and utilities.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries in major demographic groups

In November, there were fewer women aged 25 to 54 receiving EI benefits, down 1.0% from October. Over the same period, the number of male recipients aged 15 to 24 edged up 0.9%.

Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of EI beneficiaries increased across all demographic groups except women aged 25 to 54, for whom the number held steady. The largest increase occurred among people aged 55 and older, up 11.1% for men and 9.1% for women. The number of beneficiaries also increased for young women aged 15 to 24 (+8.3%).

Employment Insurance claims

Employment Insurance claims totaled 231,700 in November, down 1.4% from the previous month. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

EI claims fell in Saskatchewan (-19.5%), following an increase in October. There were also fewer EI claims in Manitoba (-9.7%), Prince Edward Island (-7.7%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-4.6%), Alberta (-3.3%), British Columbia (-2.9%), New Brunswick (-2.1%) and Nova Scotia (-1.5%). In contrast, the number of EI claims increased in Ontario (+2.1%), while it was little changed in Quebec.

Compared with November 2015, EI claims were down 3.7% at the national level.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170118/dq170118a-eng.htm

Labour Force Survey

December 2016

Employment rose by 54,000 (+0.3%) in December, the result of gains in full-time work. The unemployment rate increased 0.1 percentage points to 6.9%, as more people participated in the labour market.

In the fourth quarter of 2016, employment increased by 108,000 (+0.6%), the largest increase since the second quarter of 2010. This followed a gain of 62,000 (+0.3%) in the third quarter.

In the 12 months to December, employment gains totaled 214,000 or 1.2%, compared with a growth rate of 0.9% observed over the same period one year earlier.

In December, employment increased among women aged 25 to 54. There was little overall employment change among the other demographic groups.

Quebec and British Columbia recorded increases in employment, while there was little change in the other provinces.

More people were employed in professional, scientific and technical services, and in health care and social assistance. At the same time, employment declined in agriculture.

The number of employees increased in both the public and private sectors in December, while self-employment was little changed.

Employment increases for women aged 25 to 54

In December, employment for women aged 25 to 54 rose by 31,000. As more women in this age group searched for work, their unemployment rate increased 0.2 percentage points to 5.4%.

Employment was little changed for men aged 25 to 54, and their unemployment rate was virtually unchanged at 6.2%.

Despite little employment change among people aged 55 and older, their unemployment rate increased 0.5 percentage points to 6.2% as more people in this age group searched for work.

Employment among youths aged 15 to 24 was little changed in December, and their unemployment rate was essentially unchanged at 12.6%.

Employment up in Quebec and British Columbia

Employment in Quebec rose by 20,000 in December, the result of increases in full-time work. As the number of people searching for work also increased, the unemployment rate rose 0.4 percentage points to 6.6%.

In British Columbia, there were 17,000 more people employed in December. The unemployment rate declined by 0.3 percentage points to 5.8%, the lowest rate among the provinces.

In December, employment was little changed in Ontario and the unemployment rate was 6.4%.

Industry perspective

In December, employment increased by 28,000 in professional, scientific and technical services and by 14,000 in health care and social assistance. In contrast, employment declined by 7,000 in agriculture.

The number of private sector employees rose by 44,000 and the number of public sector employees increased by 29,000 in December. At the same time, self-employment was little changed.

Quarterly update for the territories

The Labour Force Survey collects labour market data in the territories, which are produced in the form of three-month moving averages.

In Yukon, employment increased by 500 between the third and fourth quarters of 2016. The unemployment rate declined by 2.3 percentage points to 4.6% in the fourth quarter.

Employment in the Northwest Territories declined by 500 from the third quarter to the fourth quarter. At the same time, the unemployment rate was little changed at 6.8% as fewer people participated in the labour market.

In Nunavut, employment was little changed in the fourth quarter, and the unemployment rate was also little changed at 14.0%.

Year-end review, 2016

The following analysis focuses on changes from December 2015 to December 2016.

In 2016, employment gains totaled 214,000 or 1.2%, the fastest December-to-December growth since 2012. In comparison, employment grew by 155,000 (+0.9%) in 2015. Almost all of the increase in 2016 occurred from August to December.

Part-time employment trended up throughout 2016, rising by 154,000 or 4.5%, while full-time employment was little changed. During the same period, the number of hours worked was virtually unchanged.

In the 12 months to December, the unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage points to 6.9%. Over the same period, both the participation rate (65.8%) and the employment rate (61.3%) were little changed.

Fastest employment growth in British Columbia

In 2016, British Columbia recorded the fastest employment growth rate among the provinces for a second consecutive year, up 3.1% (+72,000). The gains were evenly split between full- and part-time work and spread across many industries. Employment in the province has been on an upward trend since the spring of 2015. However, the pace of growth has been slowing since the summer of 2016. Compared with December 2015, the unemployment rate declined by 0.9 percentage points to 5.8%. British Columbia recorded the lowest provincial unemployment rate from June to December.

Employment in Quebec rose 2.2% (+90,000) in 2016, primarily in full-time work (+85,000) and driven by gains in the second half of the year. The unemployment rate has trended downward throughout the 12-month period, declining 1.3 percentage points to 6.6%.

In Ontario, employment increased 1.2% (+81,000) in 2016, mainly in part-time work (+74,000). The unemployment rate declined 0.3 percentage points to 6.4%.

In 2016, employment in Newfoundland and Labrador fell 2.4% (-5,700), all in full time. The unemployment rate was little changed at 14.9%, the result of fewer people participating in the labour market.

At year end, employment in Saskatchewan was down by 1.2% (-6,900). All of the decline occurred in the first two months of 2016. In the 12 months to December, the unemployment rate in the province increased by 1.0 percentage point to 6.5%, continuing an upward trend that began in late 2014.

In Alberta, employment edged down (-0.8% or -19,000) in the 12 months to December. There were notable employment declines in manufacturing, natural resources, and information, culture and recreation. At the same time, employment increased in the "other services" industry and public administration. In 2016, the number of people searching for work increased by 40,000, pushing the unemployment rate up 1.5 percentage points to 8.5%.

Service sector continues to lead employment growth

From December 2015 to December 2016, employment increased by 2.0% in the service sector, while it declined by 1.6% in the goods-producing sector.

In 2016, employment in information, culture and recreation rose by 6.5% (+49,000), following little change in 2015. Employment in this industry has been on an upward trend since the spring.

Employment in the "other services" industry grew 5.5% (+42,000) in 2016, driven by gains in the last three months of the year. Employment in this industry increased notably in Quebec and Alberta.

In public administration, employment increased by 3.9% (+36,000), with most of the growth in Quebec, Alberta and Saskatchewan.

There were more people employed in finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (+3.5% or +39,000) in 2016. Employment in this industry has been on an upward trend throughout the year.

Year over year, employment also increased in accommodation and food services (+2.6% or +31,000), construction (+2.0% or +27,000) and wholesale and retail trade (+1.4% or +38,000).

On the other hand, employment in natural resources fell 8.3% (-29,000) in 2016, with most of the decline occurring in Alberta and Ontario. There were also decreases in Newfoundland and Labrador as well as New Brunswick. At the national level, the largest declines were in oil and gas extraction.

In agriculture, employment was down by 4.7% (-14,000), mainly in Quebec.

The number of workers in manufacturing declined by 3.1% (-53,000), mostly in the first four months of the year. Employment in this industry decreased mainly in Alberta and British Columbia.

On a year-over-year basis, the number of public sector employees increased by 2.0% (+71,000), driven by gains in public administration; information, culture and recreation; and health care and social assistance. The number of private sector employees rose by 1.9% (+222,000), with increases across a number of industries in the service sector.

Self-employment decreased by 2.8% (-78,000) from December 2015 to December 2016. This decline was partly due to the fact that self-employment peaked in December 2015. The declines over this period were spread across several service sector industries.

Employment up among core-age and older people

In the 12 months to December, employment rose by 2.8% (+105,000) among people aged 55 and older. At the same time, their population increased by 3.0% (+310,000), continuing a long-term upward trend related to an aging population.

For women aged 55 and older, employment rose by 3.8% (+64,000) in 2016, while their population increased by 2.9% (+157,000). The participation rate for this group was essentially unchanged at 32.6% and their unemployment rate was 5.2%.

Among men aged 55 and older, employment grew by 2.0% (+41,000) in 2016, and the population increased by 3.1% (+154,000). Their unemployment rate increased 0.7 percentage points to 7.0% as more men in this age group searched for work. The participation rate for men aged 55 and older was virtually unchanged at 43.7%.

For people aged 25 to 54, employment rose 0.8% (+100,000) in 2016, while their population increased 0.2% (+35,000).

Employment increased by 1.3% (+72,000) among women aged 25 to 54, and their unemployment rate declined 0.3 percentage points to 5.4%. The participation rate for this group rose by 0.6 percentage points to 82.6%.

For men aged 25 to 54, employment edged up (+0.5% or +28,000) in the 12 months to December, and their unemployment rate declined 0.5 percentage points to 6.2%. Their participation rate declined by 0.4 percentage points to 90.9%.

In 2016, employment among youths aged 15 to 24 was virtually unchanged, while their population declined by 46,000 (-1.0%). As a result, their rate of employment increased 0.7 percentage points to 56.1%. The youth unemployment rate was little changed at 12.6%.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170106/dq170106a-eng.htm

Job Vacancies

Third quarter 2016

Canadian employers had 402,000 job vacancies in the third quarter, and the national job vacancy rate was 2.5%.

Both the overall number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rate in the third quarter were little changed compared with the third quarter of 2015. However, there were notable changes among the provinces and territories.

Compared with the second quarter of 2016, the number of job vacancies (seasonally unadjusted) increased by 2.4% in Canada, while the job vacancy rate was unchanged.

The job vacancy rate refers to the share of jobs that are unfilled out of all payroll jobs available. It represents the number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of labour demand, that is, the sum of all occupied and vacant jobs.

Provincial overview

In Ontario, the number of job vacancies in the third quarter rose by 19,000 (+12.3%) compared with the third quarter of 2015, the largest increase among the provinces and territories. The job vacancy rate in the province increased from 2.6% to 2.8% over the same period.

Within Ontario, job vacancies rose notably in the economic regions of Toronto (+20,000), Windsor–Sarnia (+2,100) and London (+1,100). Over half of the increase in the number of vacancies in Ontario was concentrated in professional, scientific and technical services, and in finance and insurance. Over 90% of the gain in total vacancies was for full-time work.

British Columbia had the second largest increase in the number of vacancies (+5,700 or +8.1%), and the job vacancy rate rose to 3.6% in the third quarter, the highest rate in Canada. Full-time job vacancies were up 7,400 in this province compared with the third quarter of 2015, while part-time job vacancies were down 1,700. Within British Columbia, the number of job vacancies rose in Lower Mainland–Southwest (+7,300) and Vancouver Island and Coast (+1,700). In the third quarter, 5 of the 10 economic regions with the highest vacancy rates were in this province.

The number of job vacancies in Quebec increased by 4,800 (+7.8%) in the third quarter compared with the same quarter one year earlier, and the job vacancy rate grew by 0.1 percentage points to 1.9%. The number of job vacancies rose in 6 of the 17 economic regions in the province, with Montréal (+2,600), Montérégie (+1,800), and Laurentides (+1,000) registering the largest increases. For the province as a whole, the largest increases were in finance and insurance, as well as in professional, scientific and technical services. The rise in vacancies in Quebec was concentrated in full-time jobs.

In Alberta, the number of vacancies fell by 18,000 (-28.8%) in the third quarter compared with the third quarter of 2015, the largest decrease in the country, driven by declines in retail trade (-8,000), accommodation and food services (-5,100) and construction (-3,000). Job vacancies in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction fell by 300 to 1,100. This sector had one of the lowest job vacancy rates (1.1%) in the province. The job vacancy rate in Alberta was down 0.8 percentage points to 2.3%. All eight economic regions in the province had fewer vacancies, with Edmonton (-6,800) and Calgary (-4,600) having the largest decreases.

The number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rates decreased in the remaining provinces and territories compared with one year earlier.

Job vacancies by full-time and part-time status

Nationally, an increase in the number of vacancies for full-time work (+11,000 or +4.3%) from the third quarter of 2015 to the third quarter of 2016 was offset by a decrease in part-time vacancies (-11,000 or -7.8%). Although full-time vacancies rose nationally, it fell in five provinces, led by Alberta (-12,000).

The largest increases in full-time vacancies were observed in occupations in business, finance and administration; management; and natural and applied sciences. The overall decrease in part-time vacancies was mainly the result of declines in sales and service occupations, where many part-time jobs are found.

Job vacancies by occupation

Nationally, the number of job vacancies increased in 6 of the 10 broad occupational groups on a year-over-year basis, with the largest increase in business, finance and administration occupations (+10,000 or +27.0%). Most of the increase in this group was attributable to more vacancies for human resources and business service professionals, and for auditors, accountants and investment professionals.

Management occupations had the second largest increase in the number of vacancies in the third quarter compared with the same quarter in 2015, mostly due to more vacancies for managers in financial and business services. Natural and applied sciences occupations had the third largest increase in vacancies, driven by demand for computer and information systems professionals.

These increases were offset by a decline in sales and service occupations, the only broad occupational group with a notable decrease at the national level. The number of vacancies in this group was down 21,000 compared with the third quarter of 2015, driven by fewer vacancies for cashiers, as well as other sales support and related occupations, such as store shelf stockers, clerks and order fillers. Almost all of the decline (-19,000) was for part-time work.

Provincial job vacancies by occupation

In Ontario, about two-fifths of the rise in the number of vacancies came from business, finance and administration occupations (+7,800), compared with the third quarter of 2015. This province also reported notable vacancy increases in trades, transport and equipment operators (+4,100), as well as management occupations (+3,200).

The rise in job vacancies in British Columbia over the same period was spread across many broad occupational groups. The largest vacancy increase was in health occupations (+2,100).

On a year-over-year basis, the increase in the number of job vacancies in Quebec was led by business, finance and administration occupations (+2,500), and management occupations (+1,400).

Most of the decline of vacancies in Alberta was attributable to sales and service occupations, down 12,000 (-38.5%). Alberta's decrease in sales and service occupations accounted for the majority of the national decline for this group. However, in percentage terms, the largest decline in the province was in natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations (-1,600 or -62.5%).

Job vacancy rate by industrial sector

Compared with the third quarter of 2015, the job vacancy rate in the third quarter of 2016 rose in 3 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by professional, scientific and technical services. At the same time, the job vacancy rate fell in retail trade, and accommodation and food services.

The job vacancy rate in professional, scientific and technical services rose to 3.4% compared with 2.5% in the same quarter one year earlier. Job vacancies in this sector increased by 8,500 (+38.8%) over the same period.

The job vacancy rate in retail trade fell to 2.6% in the third quarter from 3.7% in the third quarter of 2015. At the same time, the number of job vacancies in the sector decreased by 22,000 (-29.4%). Declines in the number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rate in retail trade occurred in every province and territory except Quebec, where there was little change.

Job vacancies and offered hourly wage

Nationally, the average offered hourly wage for job vacancies was $19.80 in the third quarter, up $1.35 or 7.3% compared with the same quarter a year earlier.

Changes in the average offered hourly wage can reflect a variety of factors, including wage growth and changes in the composition of job vacancies by occupation, sector and between part-time and full-time positions. For example, declines in the number of job vacancies for low-wage occupation groups can push offered wages higher. Inversely, fewer vacancies in high-wage occupation groups can lower the offered wage.

The average offered hourly wage rose in a majority of broad occupational groups in the third quarter, with the largest increase in management occupations, from $31.80 in the third quarter of 2015 to $35.25 in the third quarter of 2016. An increase of 3,400 in the number of vacancies for this high-wage occupational group also contributed to the rise in the national average.

From a sectoral perspective, the average offered hourly wage increased in 10 of the 20 industrial sectors, led by administrative and support services, which increased from $15.40 in the third quarter of 2015 to $17.70 in the third quarter of 2016. Changes in the sectoral composition of vacancies, including fewer vacancies in the low-wage retail trade sector and more vacancies in high-wage sectors such as finance and insurance, as well as professional, scientific and technical services, also pushed the offered wage higher compared with one year earlier.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170125/dq170125a-eng.htm

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

November 2016

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $961 in November, up 0.8% from both the previous month and November 2015.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

In November, non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.8 hours per week, up from 32.6 hours the previous month, but down from 33.0 hours 12 months earlier.

Average weekly earnings by sector

In the 12 months to November, average weekly earnings rose in 5 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by educational services, health care and social assistance as well as manufacturing. Over the same period, average weekly earnings decreased in administrative and support services and professional, scientific and technical services. There was little or no change among the remaining large sectors.

Average weekly earnings in educational services rose 2.1% to $1,033 in the 12 months to November. Increases were observed in several industries and were primarily driven by elementary and secondary schools, the largest industry in the sector.

Compared with 12 months earlier, average weekly earnings in health care and social assistance rose 1.9% to $881. The most notable increase was in general medical and surgical hospitals.

On a year-over-year basis, average weekly earnings in manufacturing were up 1.3% to $1,099. Earnings growth was driven by machinery manufacturing and food manufacturing.

In the 12 months to November, average weekly earnings declined 2.6% to $763 in administrative and support services. The most notable decline was in employment services, the largest industry in the sector. This industry includes agencies referring and placing applicants in employment. Earnings in the sector have been on a downward trend since early 2016.

Compared with November 2015, average weekly earnings in professional, scientific and technical services decreased 1.5% to $1,318. The largest declines were in specialized design services as well as accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services.

Two of the smaller industrial sectors affected the overall earnings growth rate. In finance and insurance, average weekly earnings rose 5.2% to $1,278. The increase in this high-earning sector contributed the most to total wage growth. On the other hand, while earnings in accommodation and food services were little changed at $374, a large employment increase in this low-earning sector moderated the overall year-over-year growth rate.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to November, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees increased in eight provinces. Earnings grew most rapidly in Prince Edward Island, followed by Quebec, New Brunswick and Manitoba. Alberta was the lone province with earnings declines. At the same time, average earnings in Saskatchewan were virtually unchanged.

Average weekly earnings in Prince Edward Island rose 2.3% to $824 in the 12 months to November. Earnings growth was most notable in finance and insurance and health care and social assistance.

On a year-over-year basis, average weekly earnings in Quebec grew 2.1% to $879. Earnings growth was spread across several sectors, driven by educational services and manufacturing. The increase in educational services was partly due to the fact that earnings in this sector were at a relatively low point in November 2015.

Compared with 12 months earlier, average weekly earnings in New Brunswick rose 1.8% to $879. The most notable increases were in health care and social assistance, manufacturing as well as finance and insurance.

In Manitoba, average weekly earnings were up 1.6% to $898 compared with November 2015. Increases in earnings were spread across several sectors, with construction as well as finance and insurance contributing the most to the gains.

In the 12 months to November, average weekly earnings in British Columbia rose 1.5% to $924. Finance and insurance and professional, scientific and technical services were the largest contributors to the growth.

Average weekly earnings in Ontario grew 1.0% to $978 compared with November 2015. Earnings growth in the province was spread across several sectors, driven by increases in information and cultural industries as well as finance and insurance.

On the other hand, average weekly earnings in Alberta were down 1.6% to $1,114 from 12 months earlier. Professional, scientific and technical services contributed the most to the decline over this period. Earnings in the province have been on a downward trend since the start of 2015.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The number of non-farm payroll jobs was up by 25,300 (+0.2%) in November. Payroll employment increased the most in retail trade, construction, health care and social assistance as well as information and cultural industries. At the same time, there were fewer payroll employees in real estate and rental and leasing and wholesale trade.

Compared with November 2015, the number of non-farm payroll employees increased by 182,200 or 1.2%. The largest increases were in health care and social assistance (+64,000 or +3.5%), accommodation and food services (+31,300 or +2.5%) and public administration (+25,300 or +2.4%).

Over the same period, there were fewer payroll jobs in mining, quarrying and oil and gas extraction (-14,500 or -7.2%), wholesale trade (-10,600 or -1.4%), manufacturing (-9,900 or -0.7%) and "other services" (-9,500 or -1.7%).

Recent labour market developments

The pace of employment growth has been similar in both of Statistics Canada's monthly surveys with data on employment: the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH) and the Labour Force Survey (LFS). Compared with November 2015, SEPH showed an increase of 1.2%, while the LFS showed an increase of 1.3% among employees. The two surveys showed similar trends at the provincial level in 2016, with increases in employment growth in British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec and a decline in Alberta.

At the provincial level, indicators from both surveys show that British Columbia had the strongest employment growth in the 12 months to November. SEPH showed an increase of 2.7%, while LFS showed an increase of 2.4% in employees. SEPH also shows that earnings growth in that province has outpaced the national average since the summer. In addition, since the summer, LFS shows that British Columbia had the lowest unemployment rate among the provinces.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170126/dq170126a-eng.htm