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Unemployment Rate

NORTHEAST BC UNEMPLOYMENT RATES

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2008 -- -- -- 4.3 5.0 5.9 6.2 6.3 5.8 5.0 4.5 3.6
2009 4.6 4.6 6.5 6.5 8.4 7.7 7.9 8.3 7.9 7.2 5.5 5.4
2010 4.9 4.4 4.6 5.3 6.9 7.5 7.2 6.7 7.6 7.6 6.4 7.1
2011 9.0 9.1 8.1 5.4 5.1 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3 -- --
2012 -- 3.7 3.6 4.2 3.9 4.8 4.3 4.8 4.4 3.8 -- --
2013 -- 4.1 4.6 5.2 6.1 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.9 3.6 4.7
2014 6.6 7.4 8.2 8.6 8.0 5.9 4.7 4.1 4.0 -- -- --
2015 -- -- 4.2 4.7 5.9 6.1 6.4 5.5 5.5 6.2 7.0 7.6
2016 8.5 9.2 9.7 9.4 9.6 9.2 8.8 8.6 9.4 9.7 10.0 10.5
2017 10.5 8.7 6.5                  

In March 2017, the unemployment rate in BC is 5.7% and 8.8% in Alberta.

-- : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 5.4% in March, up from 5.1% in February, but lower than it was in March 2016, when it was 6.4%. Compared to February, there were 13,900 more people in the labour force. Employment grew (+4,200) during this time period, but the number of unemployed also went up (+9,700). Over the past twelve months, job growth (+81,900) was greater than the growth in the labour force (+60,000).

Compared to February, there were 2,200 fewer full-time jobs, while part-time jobs increased by 6,300.

In March, employment in the public sector went down (-6,900), while the number of jobs in the private sector grew (+18,600). The number of self-employed individuals fell (-7,600) during the same time period.

Gender

In March, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) grew by 2,900 jobs, while the labour force increased by 7,600. As a result, the unemployment rate was 4.9%, up 0.3 percentage points from the previous month.

For women (aged 25 years and over), employment decreased by 2,300 jobs. The labour force also contracted, though at a slower pace (-1,900), with the unemployment rate steady at 4.3%.

Compared to March 2016, the unemployment rate for men was down by 1.0 percentage points to 4.9%, and for women it was down by 0.4 percentage points to 4.3%. Jobs for men increased by 23,300 (+2.2%) compared to a year ago, and for women employment climbed by 38,500 (+4.0%).

Youths Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years rose by 1.0 percentage points to 9.7% in March. Employment increased by 3,600 jobs while the labour force strengthened by 8,200 people. Compared to March 2016, the unemployment rate for youth decreased by 2.8 percentage points to 9.7%.

Industry

In March, employment in the goods-producing sector was relatively unchanged (-1,100 or -0.2%) overall. The majority of the employment losses were in agriculture (-2,500 or -8.7%) and construction (-1,700 or -0.8%). Employment increased for forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (+3,700 or +7.7%). Compared to March 2016, the goods-producing sector gained 9,800 (+2.1%) jobs.

Employment in the services-producing sector increased by 5,300 (+0.3%) jobs in March. Industries posting gains included information, culture and recreation (+12,000 or +9.3%), wholesale and retail trade (+8,500 or +2.3%), and other services (+2,700 or +2.3%). Accommodation and food services accounted for the largest decline in the sector (-7,500 or -4.1%), followed by educational services (-6,600 or -4.0%) and public administration (-3,800 or -3.6%). The services-produced sector expanded by 72,100 (+3.8%) jobs since March 2016.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

February 2017

The number of regular Employment Insurance (EI) beneficiaries fell by 11,700 (-2.1%) to 554,200 in February, similar to the level of June 2016 -- just before the administrative changes that took effect last July. Information on the 2016 EI changes is available on Employment and Social Development Canada's website.

The decrease in the number of beneficiaries in February 2017 was spread among the provinces in Central and Western Canada, namely Saskatchewan (-4.1%), Alberta (-3.6%), Quebec (-3.4%) and British Columbia (-2.1%), as well as Ontario (-1.8%) and Manitoba (-1.8%).

In contrast, the number of beneficiaries increased in Nova Scotia (+2.6%) and Prince Edward Island (+1.5%), while it was little changed in Newfoundland and Labrador and New Brunswick.

Compared with February 2016, the number of regular EI beneficiaries in Canada edged up 0.7%.

In general, changes in the number of EI beneficiaries reflect various situations, including people becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work and those no longer receiving regular benefits.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

The number of EI recipients in Saskatchewan fell for the fourth consecutive month, down 4.1% to 18,000 in February. The decrease was spread across the province, including the census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Saskatoon (-3.3%) and Regina (-2.8%). In the 12 months to February, the number of beneficiaries in Saskatchewan was up 13.5%.

In Alberta, 88,500 people received benefits in February, down 3.6%. This was the second consecutive monthly decline for the province. All areas recorded decreases, including the CMAs of Calgary (-3.5%) and Edmonton (-1.4%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of beneficiaries in Alberta rose by 31.8%.

The number of EI beneficiaries in Quebec fell by 3.4% to 131,700 in February -- the lowest level since the start of the series in 1997. The most recent downward trend in Quebec's beneficiaries, which began at the end of 2015, coincides with a downward trend in unemployment. In the 12 months to February, the number of beneficiaries in Quebec was down 10.5%.

In British Columbia, 53,500 people received benefits in February, down 2.1% from January. While the decline was spread across the province, most of it was recorded in areas outside the CMAs. Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of beneficiaries in British Columbia edged down (-0.9%).

Ontario had 134,900 people receiving benefits in February, down 1.8% from the previous month.

The number of EI beneficiaries in Manitoba also fell by 1.8%, to 15,700 in February. In the 12 months to February, the number of EI recipients in the province was virtually unchanged.

In Nova Scotia, 29,500 people received benefits, up 2.6% in February. Compared with February 2016, the number of beneficiaries in Nova Scotia was up 5.9%.

The number of EI recipients in Prince Edward Island rose by 1.5% to 8,100 in February, continuing an upward trend that began at the end of 2014. Compared with February 2016, the number of beneficiaries in the province was up 5.6%.

There was virtually no change in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Likewise, little change was recorded in New Brunswick overall.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

In the 12 months to February, the number of EI beneficiaries rose in 6 of the 10 major occupational groups, most notably art, culture, recreation and sport (+12.8%), management (+7.5%) and health (+6.2%). On the other hand, there were fewer beneficiaries whose last job was in manufacturing and utilities (-5.2%) and in education, law and social, community and government services (-2.7%).

Employment Insurance claims

Following a decrease in January, EI claims rose by 1.7% (+3,800) to 230,000 in February. Compared with 12 months earlier, EI claims were down 4.3%.

The largest monthly increase in claims in February was recorded in Newfoundland and Labrador (+21.8%). This was also the second consecutive monthly increase and may reflect the impact of the end of some major development projects. Employment in the province has been on a downward trend since early 2013.

The number of claims also rose in Manitoba (+4.9%), Saskatchewan (+4.9%), New Brunswick (+4.4%), Quebec (+2.1%) and Prince Edward Island (+2.1%). Overall, claims in most of these provinces have been trending downward in recent months. In Quebec, claims have been edging down slightly.

On the other hand, claims fell in Nova Scotia (-1.8%), while they were essentially unchanged in Alberta and Ontario. Similarly, British Columbia showed no change in claims in February, following a marked decrease in January.

The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170420/dq170420a-eng.htm

Labour Force Survey

March 2017

Employment was little changed in March (+19,000 or +0.1%), while the unemployment rate rose 0.1 percentage points to 6.7% as more people searched for work.

In the first quarter of 2017, employment gains totalled 83,000 or 0.5%. This growth is comparable to the last quarter of 2016 (+91,000 or +0.5%) and notably higher than the first quarter of 2016 (+36,000 or +0.2%).

Compared with 12 months earlier, employment increased by 276,000 (+1.5%), mostly in full-time work. Over the same period, the total number of hours worked rose 0.7%.

Highlights

In March, employment increased for men aged 25 to 54, while there was little change among other demographic groups.

Employment rose in Alberta, Nova Scotia and Manitoba. At the same time, employment fell in Saskatchewan, while it was relatively stable in the remaining provinces.

There were more people working in manufacturing; business, building and other support services; wholesale and retail trade; and information, culture and recreation. On the other hand, declines were recorded in educational services; transportation and warehousing; "other services"; and public administration.

Demographic overview

Employment rose by 35,000 among men aged 25 to 54 in March, all in full-time work. Employment for this group has been on an upward trend, with gains totalling 101,000 (+1.6%) since August. This follows virtually no growth in 2015 and the first half of 2016. The unemployment rate for core-aged men was unchanged in March, as more of them participated in the labour market. On a year-over-year basis, the unemployment rate for men aged 25 to 54 declined 0.8 percentage points to 5.8%.

Among women aged 25 to 54, employment held steady in March and the unemployment rate was virtually unchanged at 5.2%. Employment among core-aged women has been on an upward trend since the fall of 2016. Gains totalled 86,000 (+1.5%) in the 12 months to March, entirely in full-time work.

Employment among men and women aged 55 and older edged down in March. The unemployment rate for this age group rose 0.4 percentage points to 6.2%, mostly due to more women searching for work. On a year-over-year basis, employment for people aged 55 and older rose by 101,000 or 2.7%, primarily the result of the continued transition of the baby-boom cohort into this older age group.

For youths aged 15 to 24, overall employment held steady in March, as full-time work edged up while part-time employment decreased. The youth unemployment rate was down slightly from March 2016 at 12.8%. Employment was relatively unchanged for this group in the 12 months to March, despite a declining youth population (-1.0%).

Provincial summary

Employment in Alberta rose by 20,000 in March, all in full-time work. Employment in the province has been on an upward trend since the autumn of 2016, following a strong downward trend which began in 2015. The unemployment rate was little changed in March, at 8.4%, as more people participated in the labour market. This was down from a recent high of 9.0% observed in November 2016, when the unemployment rate reached a peak associated with the commodities downturn that began in 2014.

There were 4,600 more people working in Nova Scotia in March. More people also searched for work and the unemployment rate increased 0.5 percentage points to 8.6%. The level of employment and the unemployment rate were each virtually unchanged from 12 months earlier.

In Manitoba, employment increased by 2,800 and the unemployment rate decreased 0.3 percentage points to 5.5%. Employment in the province has been on a slight upward trend since November 2016, with gains totalling 8,600 (+1.4%) during that period.

Employment declined by 5,100 in Saskatchewan in March, partly offsetting an increase observed in February. The unemployment rate was unchanged at 6.0% as fewer people participated in the labour market. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in Saskatchewan was virtually unchanged.

In March, there was little month-to-month employment change in the three most populous provinces. On a year-over-year basis, employment growth was positive in British Columbia (+3.5%), Quebec (+2.4%), and Ontario (+1.2%). An upward trend in employment among all three of these provinces was observed over the second half of 2016. In March, British Columbia continued to have the lowest unemployment rate of all provinces, at 5.4%, while Quebec and Ontario each had an unemployment rate of 6.4%.

Quarterly update for the territories

The Labour Force Survey collects labour market data in the territories, produced in the form of three-month moving averages.

In the first quarter of 2017, employment in Yukon increased by 600 compared with the fourth quarter of 2016. Over the same period, the unemployment rate was little changed at 4.4%, as more people also participated in the labour market.

Employment in the Northwest Territories declined by 700 in the first quarter of 2017 compared with the previous quarter, while the unemployment rate was little changed at 7.0%.

In Nunavut, employment fell by 500 in the first quarter of 2017 compared with the last quarter of 2016 and the unemployment rate was 15.2%.

Industry perspective

Following a downward trend in manufacturing observed throughout 2016, employment in this industry rose by an estimated 24,000 in March. This is the largest one-month increase in manufacturing since August 2002. The net effect was that employment in manufacturing was at virtually the same level as 12 months earlier. Compared with its peak in the early 2000s, there were about 630,000 (-27%) fewer people working in manufacturing, and employment in the industry has been relatively flat since the 2008-2009 recession.

There were 18,000 more people working in business, building and other support services, contributing to total gains of 31,000 (+4.2%) in the first quarter of 2017. Employment in this industry was flat for most of 2016. This industry is broad and includes administrative or cleaning services to businesses and buildings, as well as employment services.

In wholesale and retail trade, employment increased for the second consecutive month, up 17,000 in March. On a year-over-year basis, there were 51,000 (+1.9%) more people working in the industry. Wholesale and retail trade is the largest industry group by employment, comprising an estimated 2.8 million people or 15% of all workers.

Employment in information, culture and recreation rose by 11,000 in March. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment was up 32,000 (+4.2%). This industry group includes amusement and heritage industries, as well as data processing, hosting and related services.

In educational services, employment declined by 15,000 in March, spread across several provinces. Despite this decline, there was relatively no change in employment on a year-over-year basis.

Employment declined by 13,000 in transportation and warehousing, following two months of gains. On a year-over-year basis, employment in this industry was little changed.

There were 9,500 fewer people working in "other services" in March. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in this industry was up 20,000 (+2.7%), mostly due to gains observed in the autumn of 2016. "Other services" include services related to civic and professional organizations, private households, and repair and maintenance.

In public administration, employment fell by 7,800 in March, following two months of increases. Compared with March 2016, there were 65,000 (+7.2%) more people working in public administration. Most of the year-over-year increase was in local, municipal and regional public administration.

Employment in agriculture declined by 6,900 in the month, and was down by 19,000 (-6.4%) compared with March 2016.

In March, the number of employees was little changed in both the private and public sectors. Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of private sector employees increased by 220,000 (+1.9%), while the number of public sector employees increased by 67,000 (+1.9%). Self-employment was little changed on both a monthly and year-over-year basis.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170407/dq170407a-eng.htm

Job Vacancies

Fourth Quarter 2016

Job vacancies rose 6.3% from the fourth quarter of 2015 to 375,000 in the fourth quarter, following little year-over-year change in the third quarter. Meanwhile, the job vacancy rate increased 0.1 percentage points to 2.4%.

Compared with the third quarter of 2016, the number of job vacancies (unadjusted for seasonality) fell by 6.6% in Canada, while the job vacancy rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points. These quarter-to-quarter declines may reflect typical seasonal recruitment patterns, as job vacancies also decreased (-12.0%) between the same quarters in 2015.

The job vacancy rate refers to the share of jobs that are unfilled out of all available payroll jobs. It represents the number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of labour demand; that is, the sum of all occupied and vacant jobs.

Provincial overview

British Columbia, Quebec and Ontario had more job vacancies between the fourth quarter of 2015 and the fourth quarter of 2016. These provinces also had the largest growth in payroll employment among all the provinces. Meanwhile, job vacancies fell in five provinces and were little changed in New Brunswick and Manitoba.

Job vacancies in British Columbia were up 12,000 (+21.0%) in the fourth quarter compared with the same quarter a year earlier. The job vacancy rate rose 0.5 percentage points to 3.3%, the largest increase among the provinces. Increases were focused in the economic regions of Lower Mainland-Southwest and Vancouver Island and Coast.

Since the third quarter of 2015, British Columbia has had the highest job vacancy rate among the provinces. Higher job vacancy rates are often associated with periods of economic growth. Other indicators, such as the employment growth and the unemployment-to-vacancies ratio, point to a strong economy and a tighter labour market for the province. Generally, labour markets are tighter when the number of people looking for work is low relative to the number of job vacancies. Over the same period, the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH) showed that British Columbia had the strongest employment growth and the lowest unemployment-to-job vacancies ratio among the provinces.

In Quebec, job vacancies rose by 8,600 (+16.2%) in the fourth quarter. The job vacancy rate in the province increased 0.2 percentage points to 1.8%. Vacancies rose in most economic regions, although they were little changed in Montréal.

Job vacancies in Ontario rose by 15,000 (+10.6%) in the fourth quarter compared with the same quarter one year earlier and the job vacancy rate increased from 2.4% to 2.6%.

The number of job vacancies in Alberta fell by 8,100 (-16.0%) in the fourth quarter compared with the fourth quarter of 2015, the largest year-over-year decrease among the provinces. At the same time, the job vacancy rate declined from 2.5% to 2.2%. Wood-Buffalo-Cold Lake (+400) was the sole economic region in Alberta to report more vacancies in the fourth quarter compared with the same quarter one year earlier. At the same time, the job vacancy rate in this economic region increased 0.8 percentage points to 2.4%, as employment fell by 17.5%.

The number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rate in Alberta have been declining on a year-over-year basis since the start of the series. However, the 8,100 job vacancy decline in the fourth quarter was the smallest to date, which may reflect a slowing of this trend. Recent employment data from the Labour Force Survey point to modest improvements in labour market conditions in Alberta. Following significant declines from the fall of 2015 to the summer of 2016, total employment in the province stabilized in the second half of 2016.

Despite the overall decline in Alberta, job vacancies were up in several sectors, including administrative and support services (+1,100) as well as mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (+500).

Job vacancies by occupation

Nationally, the number of job vacancies increased in most broad occupational groups on a year-over-year basis. Close to 60% of the net national increase was concentrated in two occupational groups. Vacancies in business, finance and administration occupations were up 9,500, particularly in mail and message distribution occupations (+5,300) and general office workers (+2,300). In addition, vacancies increased notably in trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations (+3,700), mainly for longshore workers and material handlers (+1,300) and carpenters and cabinetmakers (+600).

Provincial job vacancies by occupation

In Ontario, the rise in job vacancies in the fourth quarter was spread across most broad occupational groups. The largest increases were in sales and service occupations (+5,100); business, finance and administration occupations (+4,400); as well as trades, transport and equipment operators (+3,800). The gain in vacancies in trades, transport and equipment operators in the province accounted for most of the national change for this occupation. In the fourth quarter, the lone broad occupational group to have fewer job vacancies in Ontario was manufacturing and utilities (-1,400).

In British Columbia, job vacancies rose in most broad occupational groups. There were notable increases in business, finance and administration occupations (+2,400) and trades, transport and equipment operators (+1,700).

Job vacancies in Quebec rose the most in occupations related to manufacturing and utilities (+1,800); business, finance and administration occupations (+1,700); as well as those in trades, transport and equipment operators (+1,700). Overall, temporary positions accounted for about 45% of the rise in vacancies in Quebec, compared with about 25% in Ontario and 30% in British Columbia.

Close to 90% of the decline in vacancies in Alberta in the fourth quarter was concentrated in sales and service occupations. For the province as a whole, almost 60% of the decrease in job vacancies was in full-time positions.

Job vacancy rate by industrial sector

Nationally, the number of job vacancies in the fourth quarter increased in 4 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by transportation and warehousing (+5,000).

Job vacancies grew by 1,200 (+79.8%) in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction in the fourth quarter, the first year-over-year increase in vacancies for the sector since the start of the series. About 45% of the increase in this sector was the result of gains in Alberta. Nationally, the job vacancy rate for the sector increased by 0.7 percentage points to 1.4%.

Job vacancies and offered hourly wage

Nationally, the average offered hourly wage for job vacancies was $19.70 in the fourth quarter, up $0.75 or 4.0% compared with the same quarter one year earlier.

Changes in the average offered hourly wage can reflect a variety of factors, including wage growth and changes in the composition of job vacancies by occupation, sector and between part- and full-time positions.

Increases in the offered wage were spread across most broad occupational groups, with management (+7.4%); education, law and social, community and government services (+7.1%); and natural resources, agriculture and related production (+6.0%) occupations reporting the largest growth in the quarter.

An increase in the number of job vacancies for higher-paying occupations, such as mine service workers and operators in oil and gas drilling as well as contractors and supervisors in mining, oil and gas, contributed to the rise in the offered wage for natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170413/dq170413b-eng.htm

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

February 2017

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $968 in February, little changed from January and up 1.5% from 12 months earlier.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.6 hours per week in February, down slightly from 32.7 hours in January and less than the 32.9 hours observed 12 months earlier.

Average weekly earnings by sector

Compared with February 2016, average weekly earnings rose in 3 of the 10 largest industrial sectors: health care and social assistance; manufacturing; and professional, scientific and technical services. Earnings were little changed in the remaining large sectors.

Average weekly earnings in health care and social assistance increased 3.3% to $893. Earnings were up across all subsectors, with the largest increase in hospitals.

In manufacturing, average weekly earnings rose 3.1% to $1,116. Earnings growth was spread across transportation equipment, wood product and chemical manufacturing. Earnings in manufacturing increased in most provinces, and employment also increased notably in Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia. Earnings in manufacturing have been on an upward trend since the fall of 2016.

In professional, scientific and technical services, weekly earnings grew 2.4% to $1,333. Notable increases were observed in Ontario and Nova Scotia.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to February, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees rose in 7 provinces, led by Newfoundland and Labrador. Earnings were down in Alberta and little changed in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

Average weekly earnings in Newfoundland and Labrador increased 3.6% to $1,042, driven by gains in construction and educational services. The increase was also due in part to earnings in this province having been at a relatively low point in February 2016.

In Ontario, average weekly earnings grew 2.4% to $988. Earnings growth was spread across several sectors, especially professional, scientific and technical services, manufacturing, and health care and social assistance.

Average weekly earnings in Manitoba rose 2.0% to $907, with notable gains in health care and social assistance. Earnings in the province have trended upward since October 2016.

Average weekly earnings in British Columbia were up 2.0% to $931. Finance and insurance, manufacturing and construction were the largest contributors to growth.

In Quebec, average weekly earnings grew 1.7% to $894. Earnings growth was primarily driven by gains in manufacturing and health care and social assistance. Earnings in the province have been on an upward trend since the summer of 2016.

Average weekly earnings in Saskatchewan rose 1.6% to $1,004. Earnings in the province were boosted by educational services and construction.

In Prince Edward Island, earnings were up 1.2% to $823, with notable gains in health care and social assistance, and in manufacturing.

On the other hand, average weekly earnings in Alberta fell 1.2% to $1,108. The decline was driven by decreases in construction and wholesale trade. However, the downward trend in the province that began in 2015 has lessened since the second half of 2016.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The total number of non-farm payroll employees rose by 64,500 (+0.4%) from January. The number of payroll jobs grew the most in retail trade and educational services. At the same time, there were fewer payroll employees working in administrative and support services.

Compared with February 2016, the number of non-farm payroll employees was up 305,100 (+1.9%). Increases were observed in most of the largest industrial sectors, led by health care and social assistance (+47,400 or +2.6%), accommodation and food services (+31,900 or +2.5%), construction (+26,200 or +2.7%) and professional, scientific and technical services (+25,600 or +3.0%). At the same time, there was little change in the number of employees in wholesale trade.

Recent labour market developments

In the 12 months to February, the pace of employment growth was similar in both of Statistics Canada's monthly surveys with data on employment: the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH) and the Labour Force Survey (LFS).

During this period, both surveys showed employment gains in Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia as well as New Brunswick. Specifically in New Brunswick, the number of payroll employees in SEPH showed growth of 1.8%, comparable to the national average (+1.9%) although earnings were little changed. At the same time, the LFS showed the unemployment rate for the province declined 0.9 percentage points to 8.9%.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170427/dq170427a-eng.htm