The former traditional apprentices and
those from progressive credential programs who were surveyed in 2015
were satisfied with their in-school training, and their programs were
helpful in the development of key skills.
Relative to the average labour force
participation and employment rates for a similarly aged BC population,
the employment outcomes for former traditional apprentices were
exceptional. At the time of the survey, almost all of the former
traditional apprentices were in the labour force. Their unemployment
rate varied by region, but was 6.2 percent overall.
Almost 9 out of 10 former traditional
apprentices had a job in their trade to go back to right after their
training, and a majority of these were still working for the same
employer at the time of the survey. For traditional apprenticeship
respondents who were working at the time of the survey, their employment
conditions were good — almost all were employed full-time and most had a
single, permanent, training-related job, earning a median hourly income
The labour force participation rate among
former progressive credential apprentices was high, although somewhat
lower than that of traditional apprentices, and their employment rate
compared favourably with the rate of the BC population for the period.
Employed former progressive credential apprentices also had jobs with
favourable conditions — they tended to be salaried employees working in a
single, full-time, permanent position.
BC Stats Infoline
The British Columbia government has announced an investment of
$401,000 for the Roofing Contractors Association of BC (RCABC) that
will go towards skills training in high-priority trades seats.
The investment, through the Industry Training Authority (ITA), will
fund 320 seats in the roofer, architectural sheet metal and residential
steep roofer programs through to March 31, 2017.
The funding is part of the ITA's allocation to BC post-secondary
institutions and training providers to run various training programs
throughout the province.
In response to the objectives outlined in BC's Skills for Jobs
Blueprint and the McDonald Report, the BC government has worked in
partnership with the ITA to begin building a demand-driven trades
training system with funding aligned to specific indemand trades.
The provincial government invests more than $94 million annually in
industry training through the ITA. The ITA leads and co-ordinates
British Columbia's skilled trades system by working with employers,
employees, industry, labour, training providers and government to issue
credentials, manage apprenticeships, set program standards and increase
opportunities in the trades.
Journal of Commerce
In 2012, about one in eight workers aged 25 to 64 with a university
degree were identified as overqualified for their job because they
reported that their job required no more than a high school education.
Overqualified individuals with a university degree, however, were
more likely to have lower levels of literacy and numeracy than other
These results are from the new study "Overqualification,
skills and job satisfaction," which focuses on the literacy and numeracy levels of overqualified university graduates (individuals with
at least a bachelor degree).
The study is based on data from the Programme for the International
Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), which assessed people's level
of proficiency in skills related to literacy, numeracy, and problem
solving in technology-rich environments.
In this study, individuals with lower skills are those who have a
score corresponding to a level 2 or below (out of 5 possible levels) in
PIAAC tests. The results in this release are based on literacy scores,
but similar results were found with numeracy scores.
Overqualified university graduates have lower skill levels
In 2012, 12% of workers aged 25 to 64 who had a university degree
reported that they were in a job requiring no more than a high school
education (namely, they were overqualified). Another 19% said that their
job required a college education, and 69% said that their job required a
Among overqualified university graduates, 47% had lower levels of
literacy. This compared with 18% of university graduates who reported
that their job required a university education.
Lower levels of literacy indicate that individuals may be less able
to integrate information across multiple sources, and may be only able
to undertake tasks of limited complexity.
The factors associated with overqualification vary by skill level
The factors associated with overqualification varied depending on the
skill level of university graduates. Within the lower-skilled
population, some factors were particularly more likely to be associated
For example, lower-skilled graduates who had a university degree in
social science, business and law had a 24% probability of being
overqualified, even after taking other factors into account.
Among those who had a degree in the same field, but who had higher
literacy skills, the probability of overqualification fell to 7%.
As well, among individuals whose mother tongue was neither French nor
English, those with lower literacy skills had a 25% probability of being
overqualified. This compared with 10% among their higher-skilled
Overqualified workers use fewer skills in the workplace
Overqualified individuals use fewer skills in the workplace than
their counterparts who are in jobs requiring higher levels of education.
For instance, in the PIAAC, respondents were asked to indicate
whether they perform a number of information and communication
activities (ICT) as part of their current job, such as working with a
spreadsheet software or programming.
On average, overqualified workers performed 25% of ICT activities
listed in PIAAC on a weekly basis. This compared with 55% among those
who reported that their job required a university education.
Overqualified workers were also less likely to perform other types of
activities in the workplace, including activities involving numeracy,
literacy and "generic" skills (such as instructing people, giving
presentations, or persuading others).
Overqualification is related to lower job satisfaction
Overqualified university graduates were also less likely to report
that they were satisfied with their jobs, even after taking into account
other factors associated with job satisfaction.
For example, overqualified individuals with a university degree had a
13% probability of reporting that they were not satisfied with their
Among university-educated workers who reported that their job
required a university education, that probability fell to 3%.