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Introduction

November 2017

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Labour Force Survey

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2008

4.3

5.0

5.9

6.2

6.3

5.8

5.0

4.5

3.6

2009

4.6

4.6

6.5

6.5

8.4

7.7

7.0

8.3

7.9

7.2

5.5

5.4

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.0

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

6.0

 

 

 

In October 2017, the unemployment rate in BC is 4.9% and 7.5% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 4.9% in October, unchanged from September and below the 6.1% it was 12 months ago. Compared to September, the labour force shrank (-5,500), with a decrease in employment (-6,100) and little change in the number of unemployed (+700). Over the past twelve months, job growth (+64,200) outpaced the growth in the labour force (+34,400).

Compared to September, there were 11,000 more full-time jobs, and 17,200 fewer part-time jobs in October. Part-time employment fell for workers in all age groups: 15 to 24 (-5,800 or -3.4%), 25 to 54 (‑6,300 or ‑2.8%), and 55 and over (‑5,200 or ‑3.6%). Full-time jobs increased for those aged 15 to 24 years (+7,700 or +4.2%) and for the 55 years and over age group (+8,500 or +2.2%), but dropped for those aged 25 to 54 years (-5,100 or -0.4%).

In October, both the public sector (-1,600) and the private sector (‑5,200) saw a decline in the number of jobs, while the number of self-employed individuals rose (+700).

Provincial Comparisons

At 4.9%, British Columbia’s unemployment rate was the lowest in Canada during the month of October. Manitoba had the second lowest unemployment rate (5.2%), followed by Ontario (5.9%), while Alberta’s unemployment rate (7.8%) was tied for fourth highest among the provinces.

Gender

In October, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) dropped by 5,000 jobs, while the labour force decreased by 7,400. As a result, the unemployment rate was 4.4%, down 0.2 percentage points from the previous month.

For women (aged 25 years and over), employment shrank by 3,100 jobs. The labour force contracted by 3,600, resulting in the unemployment rate dropping 0.1 percentage points to 4.3%.

Compared to October 2016, the unemployment rate for men was down by 1.4 percentage points to 4.4%, and for women it was down by 0.8 percentage points to 4.3%. Jobs for men increased by 22,800 (+2.1%) compared to a year ago, and for women employment climbed by 25,900 (+2.6%).

Youths Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years rose to 8.0% in October, up 0.9 percentage points from the previous month. Employment increased by 1,900 jobs, while 5,500 more individuals joined the labour force. An increase in full-time employment for youth (+7,700 jobs) offset a reduction in part-time positions (‑5,800). Compared to October 2016, the unemployment rate for youth declined by 2.0 percentage points to 8.0%.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

The number of people receiving employment insurance (EI) benefits in British Columbia decreased by 2,940 (‑5.9%) in September compared to the previous month, to reach 46,810 individuals. The decline was somewhat evenly split between female (‑1,340 persons or ‑6.5%) and male beneficiaries (‑1,600 persons or ‑5.5%). British Columbia saw declines in EI recipients among all census metropolitan areas, led by Abbotsford-Mission (‑21.8%).

The number of EI claims (an indicator of the number of future beneficiaries) decreased 4.0% in September compared to August, the second largest reduction among provinces and territories, behind an 8.8% decline in Quebec.

Nationally, there was also a decrease in recipients, with 11,550 fewer people collecting EI, a 2.2% contraction compared to August. The number of both women (‑3.5%) and men (‑1.4%) receiving EI was down. The number of EI claims fell by 3.4% in August to reach 224,820.

Data Source: Statistics Canada

BC Stats Infoline

September 2017

The number of regular Employment Insurance (EI) beneficiaries decreased by 11,600 (-2.2%) in September to 509,900. This decline follows a similar decrease in August (-2.4%) and continues the downward trend that began in October 2016.

The number of beneficiaries fell in six provinces, led by British Columbia (-5.9%) and Alberta (-5.2%). There were also declines in Saskatchewan (-3.3%), Manitoba (-2.2%), Ontario (-2.0%) and Quebec (-1.9%). The number of EI beneficiaries increased in Prince Edward Island (+7.4%), New Brunswick (+1.6%) and Nova Scotia (+1.0%).

In general, changes in the number of beneficiaries can reflect a number of different circumstances, including people becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those exhausting their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

Compared with September 2016, the number of EI recipients in Canada declined by 12.0%. Following the EI policy changes that came into effect in July 2016, the number of beneficiaries was unusually high in the latter half of 2016. Consequently, historical comparisons with September 2016 are not recommended, and the rest of this analysis focuses on month-to-month changes.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

The number of EI beneficiaries in British Columbia decreased by 5.9% in September to 46,800, with declines spread across the province. Decreases were observed in all four census metropolitan areas (CMAs), led by Abbotsford–Mission (-21.8%), as well as in census agglomerations (CAs) (-4.9%) and areas outside CMAs and CAs (-4.8%).

In Alberta, 63,000 people received benefits, down 5.2% from August. The number of beneficiaries in Alberta has been declining steadily since the unusually high levels observed in the context of the 2016 EI policy changes, and is now on par with the previous high point seen during the 2008-2009 economic downturn. Monthly declines were observed in CAs (-7.1%), as well as in the CMAs of Edmonton (-5.3%) and Calgary (-5.1%).

The number of beneficiaries in Saskatchewan was down 3.3% to 17,700 in September, led by areas outside CMAs and CAs (-4.6%). For the CMAs, there were fewer people receiving benefits in Regina (-2.1%), while there was no change in Saskatoon.

Manitoba had 15,100 people receiving benefits, down 2.2% from August. Declines were spread across the province, led by the CAs (-5.5%). Beneficiaries in the CMA of Winnipeg decreased by 2.4%.

In Ontario, the number of beneficiaries decreased by 2,600 or 2.0% to 129,800, led by declines in the CMAs (-2.8%). While the deepest declines were in Windsor (-8.4%), Hamilton (-8.0%), and Barrie (-6.1%), more than half of the provincial decline was due to fewer beneficiaries in Toronto (down 1,700 or 3.5%).
There were 128,100 EI recipients in Quebec in September, down 1.9% from August. Declines were spread across the province, including the CMAs of Saguenay (-15.0%) and Québec (-4.0%).

For Newfoundland and Labrador, the number of EI beneficiaries edged down 0.9% to 38,600, as increases in the CMA of St. John's (+1.3%) were offset by declines in areas outside of the CMA and CAs (-1.4%).

The number of beneficiaries in Prince Edward Island totalled 8,300 in September, up 7.4% from August. The increase was spread across the province and was concentrated among persons aged 15 to 24 (+70.0%). It also coincided with the beginning of the school year for students eligible for the province's Training PEI - Career Connect program. This program began in April 2017 and allows Prince Edward Island residents with an active EI claim to continue collecting benefits while enrolled in full-time postsecondary education.

In New Brunswick, there were 32,300 EI beneficiaries in September, up 1.6% from the previous month, driven by increases in CAs (+7.8%). The number of beneficiaries in the CMA of Moncton declined by 2.1%.

The number of beneficiaries in Nova Scotia increased by 1.0% to 27,900. Increases across the province were partly offset by a decline in the CMA of Halifax (-3.7%).

Employment Insurance beneficiaries in major demographic groups

In September, the number of EI beneficiaries declined among those in the core working ages of 25 to 54 (-2.8%) and those aged 55 and older (-2.3%). However, there were more youth recipients aged 15 to 24 (+2.3%), with all of the increases occurring among youth in Prince Edward Island (+70.0%), New Brunswick (+29.4%), and Nova Scotia (+7.6%).

This age pattern—declines for core-aged and older recipients, and an increase for youth—was true for both men and women, although the changes were larger for women. Beneficiaries declined by 4.5% among core-aged women, while they increased among young women by 5.9%.

Employment Insurance claims

The number of EI claims decreased for a second consecutive month, falling 3.4% to 224,800 in September. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

Among the provinces, claims declined the most in Quebec (-8.8%), followed by British Columbia (-4.0%), Nova Scotia (-2.6%), Alberta (-1.7%), Ontario (-1.5%) and Manitoba (-1.0%). Claims edged down in New Brunswick (-0.9%) and were virtually unchanged in Newfoundland and Labrador.

The number of claims in Prince Edward Island reached 2,800 in September (+7.2%), the highest level since May 2009 and, as mentioned above, coinciding with the beginning of the school year for participants in the Training PEI - Career Connect program. There were also more claims in Saskatchewan (+6.7%), offsetting the declines in August.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/171123/dq171123b-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

October 2017

Employment increased by 35,000 in October, and the unemployment rate rose 0.1 percentage points to 6.3%. Employment gains in the month were driven by full-time work (+89,000), while fewer people worked part time (-53,000).

On a year-over-year basis, total employment rose by 308,000 (+1.7%), with full-time work increasing by 397,000 (+2.7%) and the number of people working part time declining by 89,000 (-2.5%). On a year-over-year basis, total hours worked were up 2.7%.

The unemployment rate trended downwards in the 12 months to October, falling 0.7 percentage points over this period.

Highlights

In October, employment rose for youth aged 15 to 24, while it was little changed for the core-aged population of 25- to- 54 year-olds, and for people 55 and older.

The largest employment increase was in Quebec, followed by Alberta, Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador, and New Brunswick. At the same time, there was a decline in Saskatchewan.

Employment rose in several industries, led by "other services;" construction; information, culture and recreation; and agriculture. Employment declined in wholesale and retail trade.

The number of private sector employees increased in October, while public sector employment and self-employment were little changed.

More youth working or searching for work

There were 18,000 more youths aged 15 to 24 employed in October, with all of the growth in full-time work. At the same time, their unemployment rate rose 0.8 percentage points to 11.1%, as more of them searched for work. On a year-over-year basis, employment for youth was virtually unchanged, while their unemployment rate fell 1.8 percentage points.

Despite more youth in the labour market in October, their participation rate—that is, the proportion working or searching for work—trended downwards in the 12 months to October, falling 0.8 percentage points to 63.7%. This rate was down for young men and edged down for young women. Overall, the participation rate among youth has remained lower than the average of 67% in 2007 and 2008, just prior to the economic downturn. Part of this decline is associated with social and economic factors such as increased school attendance and delayed entry into the labour market compared with previous generations. For more information on these trends, see "Youth Labour Force Participation: 2008 to 2014."

Employment holds steady for core-aged women and men

Total employment for core-aged 25- to 54-year-olds held steady in October, while their unemployment rate fell 0.2 percentage points to 5.4%. Employment for this group was up 174,000 (+1.5%) compared with 12 months earlier.

Among core-aged women, more worked full time (+32,000) in October, while the number working part time declined (-25,000). Their unemployment rate was little changed, at 5.1%. On a year-over-year basis, employment for this group rose 106,000 (+1.9%).

For men in the core-age group, part-time employment increased by 23,000 in October, while full-time employment was little changed. Their unemployment rate fell 0.3 percentage points to 5.6%, as fewer of them searched for work. Employment growth among this group totalled 68,000 (+1.1%) in the 12 months to October.

Employment for people 55 and older little changed in the month

Employment was little changed for people aged 55 and older, while their unemployment rate increased 0.3 percentage points to 5.7% as more of them—particularly men—searched for work. The unemployment rate for men in this age group was 6.2%, while it was 5.1% for women. On a year-over-year basis, 130,000 (+3.4%) more people aged 55 and older were working, largely the result of the continued transition of the baby-boom cohort into this older age group.

Among workers aged 55 and older, 8 in 10 were between the ages of 55 and 64. The estimated year-over-year employment growth rate for this group (unadjusted for seasonality) was 2.3%, relatively in line with their population increase (+2.0%). In comparison, people aged 65 and older comprised a smaller share of older workers, but their proportion has been increasing over the past decade. This group had the fastest year-over-year employment growth rate among the major demographic groups in October, rising 8.7% and outpacing their rate of population growth (+3.7%). For more information about recent trends among older workers, see "The impact of aging on labour market participation rates."

Provincial overview

The largest employment increase in October was in Quebec (+18,000). Full-time employment increased (+33,000), while part-time employment edged down. The unemployment rate was virtually unchanged at 6.1%, following a notable downward trend since the start of 2016. On a year-over-year basis, employment in Quebec was up by 67,000 (+1.6%).

Employment rose by 12,000 in Alberta, all in full-time work. At the same time, the unemployment rate was little changed at 7.8%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in the province was little changed (+17,000 or +0.7%) and the unemployment rate declined by 0.8 percentage points. The unemployment rate in Alberta has not fully rebounded to what it was in the fall of 2014, just prior to the oil-related downturn. The unemployment rate was 4.4% in November 2014 and reached a peak of 9.0% in November 2016.

In Manitoba, employment increased by 4,000 in October and the unemployment rate was down 0.3 percentage points to 5.2%. The unemployment rate had been on a strong downward trend from the fall of 2016 to the summer of 2017. On a year-over-year basis, employment in this province increased by 14,000 (+2.3%).

Employment in Newfoundland and Labrador rose by 3,400 in October, the first monthly increase in nine months. The unemployment rate in the province edged down to 14.5%. Employment in Newfoundland and Labrador was down on a year-over-year basis (-4,700 or -2.1%).

For New Brunswick, employment was up by 2,300 in October, and the unemployment rate held steady at 7.8%. Compared with 12 months prior, employment in the province was virtually unchanged. The unemployment rate fell 2.0 percentage points, as fewer people searched for work and the number of people participating in the labour market declined.

Employment declined in Saskatchewan by 4,000 in October, while the unemployment rate decreased 0.3 percentage points to 5.9%. All of the employment decline was in full-time work. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province was virtually unchanged, while the unemployment rate declined 1.1 percentage points. Like Alberta, the unemployment rate in Saskatchewan has not returned to the rates observed in the fall of 2014, just prior to the oil-related downturn. The unemployment rate was 3.5% in November 2014 and reached a high of 7.0% in October 2016.

In Ontario, employment was virtually unchanged in October, while the unemployment rate increased 0.3 percentage points to 5.9% as more people searched for work. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province rose by 149,000 (+2.1%) and the unemployment rate fell 0.5 percentage points.

Employment in British Columbia was also little changed in October. Employment in the province has held steady since June 2017, following a strong upward trend which began in the spring of 2016. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province was up by 64,000 (+2.7%) and the unemployment rate fell 1.2 percentage points to 4.9%.

Industry perspective

Employment was up by 21,000 in the "other services" industry in October. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in this industry was little changed. "Other services" include services such as those related to civic and professional organizations, and personal and laundry services.

In construction, employment rose by 18,000 in October. Compared with October 2016, employment in construction was virtually unchanged.

There were 15,000 more people working in information, culture and recreation industries in October. On a year-over-year basis, employment in this industry was little changed.

In October, employment in agriculture increased by 6,100, reaching a level similar to that observed in October 2016.

Employment in professional, scientific and technical services was little changed in the month, but this industry was the fastest growing on a year-over-year basis, up 85,000 or 6.1%. Much of the year-over-year increase was in computer system design services.

Manufacturing employment edged up in October (+7,800) and was up by 51,000 (+3.0%) on a year-over-year basis. Employment in this industry has been on an upward trend since the start of 2017. The increase in the 12 months to October was mostly attributable to subsectors such as electrical equipment, appliance and component manufacturing.

Employment was down by 36,000 in trade, mostly in wholesale. On a year-over-year basis, employment in this industry was up by 47,000 (+1.7%).

The number of private sector employees rose by 39,000 in October, while public sector employment was little changed. Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of private sector employees increased by 165,000 (+1.4%) and public sector employment rose by 83,000 (+2.3%).

Self-employment was little changed in October, but was up by 60,000 (+2.1%) on a year-over-year basis.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/171103/dq171103a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

September 2017

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $986 in September, up 1.0% from the previous month. Compared with 12 months earlier, earnings increased 3.1%.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.7 hours per week in September, little changed from both the previous month and 12 months earlier.

Average weekly earnings by sector

Compared with September 2016, average weekly earnings increased in 6 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by accommodation and food services. At the same time, earnings declined in retail trade, and were little changed in construction, manufacturing and administrative and support services.

Average weekly earnings in accommodation and food services increased 6.1% to $394, driven by gains in Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta. Full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places, the largest industry within the sector, contributed the most to the rise.

Average weekly earnings in wholesale trade rose 3.9% to $1,206. The rise in earnings was driven by wholesalers of machinery, equipment and supplies. Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia contributed the most to the earnings increase in this sector.

In professional, scientific and technical services, average earnings were up 3.4% to $1,354. The growth was driven by accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services. Notable increases were observed in Ontario and Quebec.

In health care and social assistance, earnings rose 3.2% to an average of $889 per week. The increase in earnings was most notable in hospitals, as well as in ambulatory health care services. The largest contributors to the growth in this sector were Quebec and Ontario.

For payroll employees in educational services, average weekly earnings were up 2.9% to $1,050. Universities and elementary and secondary schools contributed the most to the year-over-year increase.

Average weekly earnings in public administration grew 2.5% to $1,261, driven by gains in local, municipal and regional public administration. Earnings also increased notably in provincial and territorial public administration. Among the provinces, the largest increase in this sector was observed in Ontario.

In contrast, average weekly earnings in retail trade fell 2.7% to $554, primarily in miscellaneous store retailers and general merchandise stores. The decline was driven by Ontario and Quebec.

Among the smaller industrial sectors, average weekly earnings in finance and insurance rose 8.7% to $1,359, partly due to earnings being at a relatively low point in September 2016. This sector was the largest contributor to the national earnings increase. The growth was spread across most provinces and driven by insurance carriers and credit intermediation.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to September, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees increased in nine provinces, led by Ontario, Manitoba and Quebec. Over the same period, earnings decreased in Prince Edward Island.

Average weekly earnings in Ontario were up 3.5% to $1,005. Gains were spread across most industries, notably in finance and insurance; professional, scientific and technical services; and public administration. Most of the increase in the province occurred from July to September 2017.

In Manitoba, average weekly earnings increased 3.2% to $916 per week, driven by transportation and warehousing, as well as finance and insurance.

Average weekly earnings in Quebec were up 3.2% to $910. Health care and social assistance; professional, scientific and technical services; and finance and insurance contributed the most to the rise.

In British Columbia, average weekly earnings rose 2.9% to $947. Earnings were up in most large sectors, with wholesale trade, construction, and educational services contributing the most to the rise.

Earnings in New Brunswick increased 2.7% to $897. Earnings increased notably in health care and social assistance; construction; and professional, scientific and technical services. All of the gains in the province occurred from June to September 2017.

In Saskatchewan, average weekly earnings grew 2.5% to $1,014. Among the large sectors, educational services and manufacturing contributed the most to the rise.

Earnings in Nova Scotia were up 2.3% to $871, led by health care and social assistance as well as finance and insurance. This was the third consecutive month where health care and social assistance was the largest contributor to the earnings increase in the province.

In Alberta, average weekly earnings rose 2.3% to $1,142, driven by employment and earnings gains in the high-paying mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector. In the 12 months to September, employment in this sector increased notably by 10,200 (+10.5%). There were also earnings gains in other sectors, such as wholesale trade and real estate and rental and leasing.

For payroll employees in Newfoundland and Labrador, average weekly earnings rose 1.8% to $1,035. Health care and social assistance, and professional, scientific and technical services contributed the most to the increase. On the other hand, a decline in construction moderated the overall increase in the province.

In contrast, earnings in Prince Edward Island decreased 1.9% to $815. Manufacturing and retail trade contributed the most to the decline. The overall decrease in the province was tempered by a notable increase in health care and social assistance.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The number of non-farm payroll jobs rose by 23,800 (+0.1%) from August. The number of payroll employees increased notably in health care and social assistance; manufacturing; and accommodation and food services. At the same time, the number of payroll jobs declined in retail trade and in administrative and support services.

In the 12 months to September, the number of payroll employees rose by 344,300 (+2.1%), marking a third consecutive year-over-year increase of 2.0% or more. Increases were observed in all of the 10 largest sectors, led by manufacturing (+36,800 or +2.5%) and health care and social assistance (+36,400 or +1.9%). The number of payroll jobs also increased notably in educational services (+36,100 or +2.9%), professional, scientific and technical services (+34,600 or +4.0%), construction (+33,300 or +3.4%) and accommodation and food services (+31,700 or +2.5%).

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/171130/dq171130b-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan