jobsearchonline

Northeastern British Columbia

INFORMATION    JOBS    CAREERS



Northeastern Review

 

Introduction    Careers & Job Skills     Construction    Energy & Mines    Rig List    Archives

Introduction

October 2017

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Labour Force Survey

Job Vacancies

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2008

4.3

5.0

5.9

6.2

6.3

5.8

5.0

4.5

3.6

2009

4.6

4.6

6.5

6.5

8.4

7.7

7.0

8.3

7.9

7.2

5.5

5.4

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.0

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

 

 

 

 

In September 2017, the unemployment rate in BC is 5.2% and 8.0% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 4.9% in September, down from 5.1% in August and below the 5.6% it was 12 months ago. Compared to August, the labour force declined (-12,400), with decreases in employment (-6,700) and the number of unemployed (-5,800). Over the past twelve months, job growth (+85,100) outpaced the growth in the labour force (+69,100).

Compared to August, there were 5,000 more full-time jobs, and 11,600 fewer part-time jobs in September. Part-time employment fell mainly for workers aged 25 to 54 years (‑15,700 or ‑6.6%), with decreases for those aged 55 years and over (‑700 or ‑0.5%) as well. Full-time jobs increased for those aged 25 to 54 years of age (+17,500 or +1.3%) and dropped for those aged 55 years and over (-11,500 or -2.9%).

In September, the public sector (+7,600) added positions, while the private sector (‑9,700) and the number of self-employed individuals (‑4,500) shrunk.

Provincial Comparisons

At 4.9%, British Columbia’s unemployment rate was the lowest in Canada during the month of September. Manitoba had the second lowest unemployment rate (5.5%), followed by Ontario (5.6%), while Alberta’s unemployment rate (7.9%) remained the fourth highest among the provinces.

Industry

In September, employment in the goods-producing sector was down (-9,000 or -1.8%) overall. There were employment losses in construction (-5,800 or -2.5%) and agriculture (-3,400 or -12.4%), while the other industries were relatively stable. Compared to September 2016, the goods-producing sector gained 25,400 (+5.5%) jobs.

Employment in the services-producing sector grew by 2,400 (+0.1%) jobs in September. After accounting for the largest decline in the sector in August, accommodation and food services employment posted the largest gain (+3,700 or +2.1%). Other industries with employment gains included health care and social assistance (+3,600 or +1.2%), finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (+3,300 or +2.1%), and educational services (+2,500 or +1.5%). Professional, scientific and technical services employment declined (-4,900 or -2.4%), followed by information, culture and recreation (-3,400 or -2.5%), other services (-2,300 or -2.0%), and business, building and other support services (-2,200 or -2.2%). The services-producing sector expanded by 59,800 (+3.1%) jobs since September 2016.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

The number of people receiving employment insurance (EI) benefits in British Columbia decreased by 400 (‑0.8%) in August compared to the previous month, to reach 50,530 individuals. The decline was due to a lower number of female recipients (‑2.5%), as the number of male beneficiaries was up by 0.5%.

British Columbia saw declines in EI recipients among census metropolitan areas in Abbotsford-Mission (‑12.0%) and Kelowna (‑1.7%). Vancouver (+0.2%) and Victoria (+0.4%) saw modest increases in the month.

The number of EI claims (an indicator of the number of future beneficiaries) decreased 16.9% in August compared to July, the largest decrease among provinces and territories. The decline in August was shy of reversing the large monthly rise observed in July that was likely caused by forest fires disruptions.

Nationally, there was also a decrease in recipients, with 9,550 less people collecting EI, a 1.8% decline compared to July. The number of both women (‑3.0%) and men (‑1.0%) receiving EI was down. The number of EI claims fell by 4.9% in August to reach 234,310.

Data Source: Statistics Canada

BC Stats Infoline

August 2017

The number of regular Employment Insurance (EI) beneficiaries decreased by 9,600 (-1.8%) to 524,200 in August. This decline continues a downward trend that began in October 2016.

The number of beneficiaries fell in eight provinces, led by Manitoba (-8.0%) and Alberta (-4.0%). There were also declines in Prince Edward Island (-2.6%), New Brunswick (-2.0%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-1.9%), Ontario (-1.5%), Nova Scotia (-1.2%) and Quebec (-1.1%). The number of EI beneficiaries increased in Saskatchewan (+1.9%), while it was little changed in British Columbia.

In general, changes in the number of beneficiaries can reflect a number of different circumstances, including people becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those exhausting their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

Compared with August 2016, the number of EI recipients in Canada declined by 8.0%. Following the EI policy changes that came into effect in July 2016, the number of beneficiaries was unusually high in the latter half of 2016. These policy changes eliminated higher eligibility requirements for new entrants and re-entrants to the labour market, simplified job-search responsibilities for beneficiaries, and extended the duration of EI benefits for regions affected by the 2014-2016 commodities downturn. Consequently, historical comparisons with August 2016 are not recommended, and the rest of this analysis focuses on month-to-month changes.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

Following a notable increase in July, the number of beneficiaries in Manitoba declined 8.0% to 15,600 in August. The decrease was driven largely by the census metropolitan area (CMA) of Winnipeg (-10.8%).

In Alberta, 67,200 people received benefits in August, down 4.0% from the previous month. The number of beneficiaries in the province has been on a downward trend since the end of 2016. Within Alberta, the declines were spread across the province, including Edmonton (-4.1%) and Calgary (-3.0%).

The number of beneficiaries in Prince Edward Island decreased 2.6% to 7,600 in August, with declines spread across the province.

In New Brunswick, the number of EI recipients was down 2.0% to 31,800. Within the province, there were fewer people receiving EI benefits in Saint John (-3.9%) as well as in areas outside the CMAs and census agglomerations (CAs) (-2.4%).

There were 39,100 EI recipients in Newfoundland and Labrador, down 1.9%. While St. John's (-1.3%) had fewer people receiving benefits, most of the decline was observed in areas outside of the CMA and CAs (-2.2%).

The number of beneficiaries in Ontario decreased 1.5% to 133,100 in August, offsetting the increase observed in July. There were decreases in 8 of 15 CMAs in the province, led by Windsor (-11.0%), Peterborough (-6.3%) and St. Catharines–Niagara (-5.7%).

Nova Scotia had 27,600 people receiving benefits in August, down 1.2% from the previous month. In Halifax, the number of beneficiaries decreased by 3.2%.

In Quebec, the number of beneficiaries declined by 1.1% to 130,900. There were declines in Ottawa–Gatineau (Quebec part) (-4.0%) as well as in the CAs (-2.8%), while in Montréal the number of beneficiaries edged down.

Saskatchewan had more EI beneficiaries in August, up 1.9% to 18,400. Most of the increase was observed in areas outside of CMAs and CAs (+2.7%).

Although the number of EI recipients was little changed in British Columbia, this was not the case for some areas within the province. There were fewer beneficiaries in Abbotsford–Mission (-12.0%) and Kelowna (-1.7%).

Employment Insurance beneficiaries in major demographic groups

In August, all major demographic groups had fewer beneficiaries compared with the previous month, except for men aged 15 to 24, among whom there was little change. The overall decline was 3.0% for women and 1.0% for men.

Employment Insurance claims

Following an increase in July, the number of EI claims decreased 4.9% to 234,300 in August. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

Among the provinces, claims declined the most in British Columbia, down 16.9% in August. In July, there was a notable increase in the number of claims in the province, which may reflect the forest fires that prompted the declaration of a provincial state of emergency from July 7 to September 15. The decline in August mostly offsets the increase observed in July.

The number of EI claims also decreased in Ontario (-9.4%), Saskatchewan (-6.5%), Manitoba (-3.6%), Alberta (-2.0%) and Newfoundland and Labrador (-1.2%). On the other hand, there were more claims in New Brunswick (+6.2%), Prince Edward Island (+2.9%), Quebec (+1.8%) and Nova Scotia (+1.7%).

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/171019/dq171019a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

September 2017

Employment was essentially unchanged in September (+10,000 or +0.1%). The unemployment rate remained at 6.2%, matching the low of October 2008.

Gains in full-time employment (+112,000) in September were mostly offset by declines in part time (-102,000). In August, there was a decline in the number of people working full time and an increase in part-time.

In the 12 months to September, employment rose by 320,000 (+1.8%), spurred by gains in full-time employment (+289,000 or +2.0%). Over this period, the number of hours worked increased by 2.4%.

Overall employment grew by 43,000 (+0.2%) in the third quarter, slower than the 0.6% growth rate in the second quarter and the 0.5% growth rate of the first quarter of 2017.

Highlights

From August to September, employment increased for people aged 55 and older, while it fell among men aged 25 to 54.

For the second consecutive month, Ontario was the lone province with a notable employment gain. There were employment declines in Manitoba and Prince Edward Island.

More people worked in educational services as well as wholesale and retail trade in September, while employment fell in information, culture and recreation.

There was additional employment in the public sector, while the number of private sector employees was little changed. At the same time, the number of self-employed workers held steady.

More people aged 55 and older working

Employment rose by 25,000 in September for people aged 55 and older, mostly in full-time work. Their unemployment rate was little changed at 5.4%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment for people aged 55 and older increased by 131,000 (+3.4%).

Among workers aged 55 and older, about 8 in 10 are between the ages of 55 and 64. The estimated year-over-year employment growth rate (unadjusted for seasonality) for 55- to- 64-year-olds was 2.6% in September and their population increased by 2.0%. While population growth was similar for men and women in this age group, employment grew at a faster pace for women (+3.5%) than for men (+1.8%).

In comparison, people aged 65 and older comprised a smaller share of older workers, but had the fastest year-over-year employment growth rate (unadjusted for seasonality) among the major demographic groups in September, rising 9.1% and outpacing their rate of population growth (+3.7%). Among this group of workers, employment grew at a faster pace for men (+12.4%) than for women (+4.5%).

Employment declines among men aged 25 to 54

For men aged 25 to 54, employment declined by 29,000 in September—all in part-time work. The unemployment rate for men in this age group rose by 0.4 percentage points to 5.9%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment for men aged 25 to 54 increased by 72,000 (+1.2%).

Among women aged 25 to 54, full-time employment increased by 39,000 in September, while part time fell by 26,000, leaving overall employment for this group little changed. Their unemployment rate was 5.2%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment among core aged women rose by 102,000 (+1.8%).

Youth unemployment rate down

Overall youth employment was little changed in September a 37,000 increase in full-time work was mostly offset by part-time losses. Employment for 15- to 24 year-olds was relatively unchanged compared with 12 months earlier. The unemployment rate for youth has been on a downward trend since the start of 2017 and fell 1.2 percentage points to 10.3% in September. This was the lowest rate since comparable data became available in 1976.

The decline in the youth unemployment rate in September was due to fewer youths in the labour market. The participation rate for this group fell 0.7 percentage points to 62.7% in the month. At the same time, their rate of full-time school attendance was 56.4%—the highest rate for any September since 2011. Increased school attendance is associated with delayed labour market participation.

Provincial employment

In Ontario, employment rose by 35,000 in September, the fourth overall gain in five months. An increase of 78,000 in full-time employment was partly offset by a decline of 43,000 in part-time work. The overall employment increase in September was driven by gains in wholesale and retail trade as well as educational services. The unemployment rate was little changed at 5.6% in September. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in Ontario was up 170,000 (+2.4%).

Employment in Manitoba declined by 5,500 in September, almost all in part-time work. This was the first notable overall employment decrease in the province since April 2016. Despite the monthly decline, employment in Manitoba has been on an upward trend since the end of 2016. In September, the unemployment rate increased by 0.6 percentage points to 5.5%.

In September, employment decreased in Prince Edward Island (-700), the second decline in three months. Despite the recent decreases, employment in the province was up by 1,600 (+2.2%) compared with September 2016. The unemployment rate increased by 0.7 percentage points in September to 9.5%.

Overall employment in Quebec was little changed for the third consecutive month. In September, a decline of 25,000 in part-time work was mostly offset by additional people working full time. In the 12 months to September, employment in the province rose by 54,000 (+1.3%), concentrated in full-time work. Over the same 12 month period, the unemployment rate fell by 0.9 percentage points to 6.0%.

Industry perspective

The number of people working in educational services increased by 20,000 in September, primarily in Ontario and Quebec. Employment in the industry was similar to the level observed in September 2016.

Employment in wholesale and retail trade rose by 17,000 in September, bringing gains to 99,000 (+3.6%) since September 2016.

Employment in information, culture and recreation decreased by 24,000 in September. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the industry edged down by 20,000 (-2.5%).
Public sector employment rose by 26,000 in September, while the number of private sector employees was little changed. Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of private sector employees increased by 162,000 (+1.4%) and public sector employment rose by 103,000 (+2.8%).

The number of self-employed workers held steady in September, with year-over-year gains totalling 55,000 (+2.0%).

Quarterly update for the territories

The Labour Force Survey collects labour market data in the territories, produced in the form of three-month moving averages.

In the third quarter of 2017, employment in Yukon was little changed compared with the second quarter, and the unemployment rate was relatively unchanged at 3.3%.

In the Northwest Territories, employment in the third quarter was unchanged from the previous quarter. Over the same period, the unemployment rate was little changed at 7.0%.

Employment in Nunavut held steady in the third quarter, while the unemployment rate was 14.9%.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/171006/dq171006a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Job Vacancies

Second quarter 2017

The number of job vacancies totalled 460,000 in the second quarter, up 67,000 (+17.2%) from the second quarter of 2016. The overall job vacancy rate rose 0.4 percentage points to 2.9%. Increases in job vacancies were broadly based across provinces and industrial sectors.

This was the third consecutive quarter with year-over-year increases in both the number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rate.

The job vacancy rate refers to the share of jobs that are unfilled out of all available payroll jobs. It represents the number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of labour demand; that is, the sum of all occupied and vacant jobs.

The number of job vacancies that were for full-time work rose by 54,000, while job vacancies for part-time work were up by 14,000 on a year-over-year basis. Nationally, the average offered hourly wage was little changed at $19.50.

A number of labour market indicators point to improved labour market conditions during this time. According to the Labour Force Survey, national employment has increased at a relatively faster pace since the second half of 2016 and the unemployment rate has continued to trend downwards.

Compared with the first quarter of 2017, the number of job vacancies (unadjusted for seasonality) in Canada increased 18.8%, while the job vacancy rate rose 0.4 percentage points. These quarter-to-quarter increases may partly reflect seasonal recruitment patterns, as job vacancies were also up notably between the first and second quarters of both 2015 and 2016.

Job vacancies and job vacancy rates rise in most regions of the country

Compared with one year earlier, the number of job vacancies in the second quarter rose in every province except Newfoundland and Labrador, where they were little changed. Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia posted the largest year-over-year increases in the number of job vacancies. Vacancies also rose in the Northwest Territories and Yukon, and were little changed in Nunavut. A similar pattern of increases across provinces and territories was observed for the job vacancy rate.

Ontario had 20,000 (+12.0%) more job vacancies to fill in the second quarter compared with one year earlier. This was the fourth consecutive quarter with year-over-year increases in the number of job vacancies for the province. The rise in the number of job vacancies was spread across the province, with notable increases in the economic regions of Hamilton—Niagara Peninsula, Toronto, and Kitchener—Waterloo—Barrie. At the same time, the job vacancy rate in Ontario rose 0.2 percentage points to 3.0%, with agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting as well as arts, entertainment and recreation registering the largest increases.

The number of vacancies in Quebec rose by 17,000 (+25.0%) and the job vacancy rate increased 0.4 percentage points to 2.4%. The recent trend of above-average growth in vacancies in the province helped raise Quebec's share of national vacancies to 18.2% in the second quarter of 2017 compared with 15.6% in the second quarter of 2015. The job vacancy rate rose in most sectors in Quebec, notably in construction, information and cultural industries, and in mining, quarrying, oil and gas. Increases in the number of job vacancies were registered in most areas of the province.

Job vacancies in British Columbia were up by 14,000 (+18.8%) in the second quarter compared with one year earlier. The provincial increase was concentrated in two of the seven economic regions of the province: Lower Mainland—Southwest (+10,000) and Vancouver Island and Coast (+1,900). These were also the economic regions where the job vacancy rate increased within the province.

British Columbia continued to have the highest job vacancy rate among the provinces at 4.0%, up from 3.5% one year earlier. In many sectors, British Columbia had a job vacancy rate above the national average, notably in accommodation and food services (6.4%), administration and support services (5.9%) and construction (5.2%).

Job vacancies in Alberta were up 8,500 (+19.9%) compared with one year earlier, a second consecutive quarter of year-over-year increases for this province. At the same time, its job vacancy rate rose to 2.6%, from 2.2% one year earlier. The increase in vacancies was spread across more sectors than in the previous quarter. The largest increases were in mining, quarrying, oil and gas (+1,300), construction (+1,300) and manufacturing (+1,100). Most economic regions in the province reported more vacancies than one year earlier. Notable increases in job vacancies were seen in Calgary, and in Banff-Jasper-Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca-Grande Prairie-Peace River.

The increase in vacancies in mining, quarrying, oil and gas in Alberta was consistent with the recent upward trend in national real gross domestic product and employment in this sector.

In Saskatchewan, employers reported 1,400 (+13.8%) more vacancies than in the second quarter of 2016. This was the first year-over-year increase in job vacancies for the province since the beginning of the series in 2015. Over the same period, the job vacancy rate rose 0.3 percentage points to 2.4%. Job vacancies increased in several sectors, including construction and manufacturing.

Widespread increase in the number of vacancies in the largest industrial sectors

In the second quarter, the 10 largest industrial sectors all had a higher number of job vacancies compared with one year earlier. Within these large sectors, increases in job vacancies were led by accommodation and food services, manufacturing, transportation and warehousing, as well as retail trade.

Among the 10 largest sectors, job vacancies rose the most in accommodation and food services (+8,800 or +15.0%). This was the second consecutive quarter with a year-over-year increase for this sector. At the same time, the job vacancy rate in the sector rose by 0.5 percentage points to 5.0%. The increase in the number of vacancies in the sector was spread across a majority of provinces, led by Ontario, British Columbia and Quebec.

Employers in manufacturing had 7,500 (+24.1%) more vacancies in the second quarter compared with one year earlier. Over the same period, the job vacancy rate rose 0.4 percentage points to 2.5%. Quebec accounted for close to half of the net increase in the number of vacancies in the sector.

The number of job vacancies in transportation and warehousing was up by 6,700 (+42.5%) in the second quarter. At the same time, the job vacancy rate in the sector rose by 0.8 percentage points to 2.9%. Increases in the number of job vacancies in the sector were observed in several subsectors, most notably truck transportation.

Job vacancies in retail trade were up by 6,500 (+13.0%) compared with one year earlier and the job vacancy rate rose to 2.9%, up from 2.5%. Job vacancies in the sector were up the most in Quebec, followed by British Columbia. Within retail trade, food and beverage stores registered the largest increase in job vacancies on a year-over-year basis. In contrast, job vacancies in sporting goods, hobby, book and music stores were down.

Largest number of job vacancies are in sales and service occupations

Among the 10 broad occupational categories, sales and service occupations (166,000) had the largest number of job vacancies, followed by trades, transport and equipment operators (73,000).

The average offered hourly wage is highest for management occupations

The highest average offered hourly wage was for management occupations ($34.45), followed by natural and applied sciences ($30.40). Similar to one year earlier, these occupation groups also had among the highest proportions of job vacancies that required a post-secondary education, that were for full-time work, and that were for permanent positions.

Looking at occupations at the three-digit National Occupational Classification level, 6 of the 10 occupation groups with the most job vacancies were in sales and services. Among the 10 groups, food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations had the most job vacancies, with 29,000. Most of the 10 occupation groups with large numbers of vacancies had below-average offered wages. The sole notable exception was computer and information systems professionals, with an offered wage of $35.00.

Among the 10 groups, only harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers (76.4%) had a majority of their vacancies in temporary work. Of these, almost all were seasonal.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/171012/dq171012a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

Average Weekly Earnings

Average weekly earnings of payroll employees in British Columbia (seasonally adjusted, current dollars) went up by $3.46 (+0.4%) to reach $940.31 in August.

Compared to August 2016, average weekly earnings in British Columbia increased by 2.2%, ranking fourth among provinces. Growth was spread across most sectors, and the largest gains were observed in administrative and support, waste management and remediation services (+9.9%), and management of companies and enterprises (+9.5%). Notable declines were observed in the forestry, logging and support activities (‑7.2%) and information and cultural industries (‑7.0%).

Nationally, average weekly earnings increased by 0.9% compared to the previous month. Finance and insurance (+6.0%) and mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (+4.5%) saw the largest increases for the month. Compared to August 2016, earnings increased by 1.7% to reach $974.61.

Earnings across the country ranged from a high of $1,405.00 in the Northwest Territories to a low of $821.33 in Prince Edward Island. Alberta had the highest average weekly earnings among provinces in August, at $1,133.86.

Source: Statistics Canada

BC Stats Infoline

 

August 2017

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $975 in August, up 0.9% from the previous month. Compared with August 2016, earnings increased 1.7%.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.8 hours per week in August, up slightly from 32.7 hours in both the previous month and August 2016.

Average weekly earnings by sector

Compared with August 2016, average weekly earnings increased in 5 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by wholesale trade. At the same time, earnings declined in retail trade and manufacturing, while they were little changed in public administration and in construction, and were virtually unchanged in professional, scientific and technical services.

Average weekly earnings in wholesale trade increased 5.6% to $1,214, with most of the growth occurring in the first quarter of 2017. On a year-over-year basis, wholesalers of machinery, equipment and supplies contributed the most to the rise. At the same time, earnings declined notably for wholesalers of personal and household goods. Most of the year-over-year increase in this sector was driven by Ontario.

In accommodation and food services, average earnings rose 3.7% to $385 per week. British Columbia and Ontario contributed the most to the increase. Earnings in this sector have been on an upward trend since February 2017, driven by gains in full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places.

Average weekly earnings in administrative and support services grew 3.5% to $787, partly due to the fact that earnings were relatively low in August 2016. Gains were spread across many industries, notably in investigation and security services and in employment services. Among the provinces, Ontario and British Columbia contributed the most to the rise.

In health care and social assistance, earnings rose 2.5% to an average of $890 per week, with most of the increase occurring from September 2016 to February 2017. The rise in earnings was driven by gains in hospitals and social assistance. Quebec contributed the most to the earnings growth in this sector.

For educational services employees, average earnings increased 2.0% to $1,042, mainly the result of gains in elementary and secondary schools. Notable increases were observed in Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, and British Columbia.

In contrast, average weekly earnings in retail trade fell 1.9% to $552, most notably in general merchandise stores. The decline was spread across the majority of the provinces.

Average weekly earnings also fell in manufacturing, down 1.8% to $1,074, driven by declines in Ontario. The largest decreases were in the manufacturing of chemical, plastics and rubber products, and transportation equipment. Earnings in manufacturing have been on a downward trend since January 2017.

Among the smaller industrial sectors, average earnings in transportation and warehousing rose 6.9% to $1,075 per week, one of the largest contributors to the overall increase of 1.7%. The growth was spread across most subsectors and all provinces. Earnings in this sector have trended upward since February 2017.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to August, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees increased in nine provinces, led by Quebec. Over the same period, earnings were virtually unchanged in Prince Edward Island.

In Quebec, average weekly earnings rose 3.0% to $905, with health care and social assistance, construction, and finance and insurance contributing the most to the increase.

Average weekly earnings in Nova Scotia grew 2.5% to $870. Health care and social assistance and construction contributed the most to the rise. At the same time, earnings declined notably in retail trade.

Average earnings in Saskatchewan increased 2.5% to $1,011 per week, led by transportation and warehousing and by educational services.

In British Columbia, average weekly earnings were up 2.2% to $940. Growth was spread across most sectors, and the largest contributors were educational services, administrative and support services, and transportation and warehousing.

Earnings in New Brunswick increased 2.1% to $892, with notable gains in transportation and warehousing, manufacturing, and finance and insurance.

For payroll employees in Manitoba, average weekly earnings rose 1.9% to $907, with the largest increases occurring in transportation and warehousing and in wholesale trade.

In Newfoundland and Labrador, average earnings grew 1.7% to $1,031, with all of the gains occurring from August 2016 to February 2017. Educational services and wholesale trade contributed the most to the rise.

Earnings in Ontario were up 1.1% to an average of $986 per week, boosted by gains in wholesale trade, and in transportation and warehousing. At the same time, there were declines in manufacturing and in retail trade. Earnings in the province have been relatively stable since the start of 2017.

In Alberta, average weekly earnings increased 1.1% to $1,134, with notable gains in real estate and rental and leasing, other services, transportation and warehousing, and wholesale trade. In contrast, there were also declines in many large sectors, markedly in professional, scientific and technical services and in construction. In the 12 months to August, employment in the high-paying mining, quarrying and oil and gas extraction sector increased by 8,100 (+8.3%), contributing to the overall provincial earnings growth.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The number of non-farm payroll jobs rose by 38,900 (+0.2%) from July. The number of payroll employees increased in several sectors, most notably accommodation and food services, retail trade, manufacturing, and health care and social assistance. At the same time, the number of payroll jobs declined in information and cultural industries.

Compared with August 2016, the number of payroll employees rose by 379,000 (+2.4%). Increases were observed across the majority of the sectors, led by manufacturing (+39,600 or +2.7%) and construction (+38,800 or +4.0%). The number of payroll jobs also increased notably in health care and social assistance (+35,900 or +1.9%), accommodation and food services (+35,600 or +2.8%), professional, scientific and technical services (+34,300 or +4.0%) and retail trade (+32,700 or +1.7%).

Spotlight on SEPH and LFS: Manufacturing

In the 12 months to August, the pace of employment growth has been similar in both of Statistics Canada's monthly surveys with data on employment: the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH) and the Labour Force Survey (LFS).

During this period, both surveys showed similar trends in employment in manufacturing. In the SEPH, the number of payroll employees in this sector grew 2.7% and has been on an upward trend since April, while average weekly earnings were down 1.8%. At the same time, the LFS showed similar growth in total employment in this sector (+2.3%), which has been on an upward trend since February 2017.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/171026/dq171026a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan