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Introduction

July 2018

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Job Vacancies

Labour Force Survey

Average Weekly Earnings

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2009

4.6

4.6

6.5

6.5

8.4

7.7

7.0

8.3

7.9

7.2

5.5

5.4

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.1

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

6.0

5.3

4.6

2018

3.8

4.5

5.7

6.3

7.9

7.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In June 2018, the unemployment rate in BC is 4.9% and 6.5% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 5.2% in June, up from 4.8% in May and above the 5.1% from 12 months ago. While the labour force (+2,800) increased since May, the number of employed (‑8,000) contracted. Compared to 12 months ago, both employment (‑20,900) and the labour force (‑18,000) have decreased.

There were 2,100 full-time jobs added in June, while there were 10,100 fewer part-time jobs over the previous month. Full-time employment went up for the 15 to 24 (+4,400) and 25 to 54 (+400) age groups, while there were fewer full-time jobs (‑2,800) for those aged 55 and over. Most of the losses in part-time jobs were observed for the 15 to 24 (‑11,600) and the 55 and over (‑1,100) age groups, while there were more part-time jobs (+2,600) for those aged 25 to 54.

In June, employment in the private sector was down (‑12,300), while there were more employees in the public sector (+900). The number of self-employed individuals was up (+3,400) compared to May.

Provincial Comparisons

At 5.2%, British Columbia’s unemployment rate was the lowest in Canada during the month of June. Quebec had the second lowest unemployment rate (5.4%), followed by Ontario (5.9%) and Manitoba (6.1%). Alberta (6.5%) had the fifth highest unemployment rate.

National Highlights

Compared to the previous month, employment in Canada increased by 31,800 in June, while the unemployment rate was up 0.2 percentage points to 6.0%. The unemployment rate was down from one year ago, when it was 6.5%.

Gender

In June, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) declined by 4,200 jobs, while the labour force shrank by 3,800. As a result, the unemployment rate was 4.8%, up from 4.7% for the previous month.

For women (aged 25 years and over), employment increased by 3,200 jobs in June. The labour force increased by 6,900, which resulted in the unemployment rate climbing to 4.2% from 3.9% the previous month.

Compared to June 2017, the unemployment rate for men was up by 0.3 percentage points to 4.8%, and for women it was down 0.5 percentage points to 4.2%. Jobs for men increased by 2,200 (+0.2%) compared to a year ago, and employment for women increased by 2,400 (+0.2%).

Youth Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years was 9.4% in June, up 1.8 percentage points from the previous month. Total employment decreased by 7,200, while 300 individuals left the labour force. There were employment gains for full-time jobs (+4,400), while the number of part-time positions (‑11,600) decreased.

Compared to June 2017, the unemployment rate for youth was up 1.9 percentage points to 9.4%.

Industry

Employment in the goods-producing sector was down (‑1,400 or ‑0.3%) in June. Most of the losses were felt by the agriculture (‑2,600 or ‑10.8%) industry, while construction (‑1,200 or ‑0.5%) and manufacturing (‑700 or ‑0.4%) also saw decreases. There were job gains in utilities (+1,800 or +13.3%) and forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (+1,300 or +2.7%). In the twelve months to June, the goods-producing sector shed 3,300 (‑0.7%) jobs.

In June, overall employment was down for the services-producing sector (‑6,700 or ‑0.3%) compared to the previous month. Within industries, wholesale and retail trade (‑8,100 or ‑2.2%) posted the largest decrease, followed by health care and social assistance (‑3,400 or ‑1.0%), educational services (‑3,300 or ‑2.0%), and finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (‑2,100 or ‑1.4%). Conversely, professional, scientific and technical services (+3,600 or +1.8%), transportation and warehousing (+3,000 or +2.2%), public administration (+2,000 or +2.0%), and business, building and other support services (+1,700 or +1.8%) all added positions in June. Since June 2017, the services-producing sector has lost 17,500 (‑0.9%) positions.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

May 2018

In May, 454,100 people received regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, virtually unchanged from April.

Declines in Alberta, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, and Newfoundland and Labrador were offset by increases in Quebec and Ontario.

In the 12 months to May, the number of EI recipients in Canada fell by 81,300 (-15.2%). Over the same period, the Labour Force Survey (LFS) shows that the unemployment rate declined by 0.7 percentage points to 5.8% in May.

In general, variations in the number of beneficiaries can reflect changes in the circumstances in a number of different groups, including those becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those exhausting their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

The number of beneficiaries in Alberta continued a downward trend that began in the fall of 2016, decreasing by 5.8% to 52,800 in May. Declines were observed throughout the province, led by the census agglomerations (CAs) (-8.7%). The number of beneficiaries also decreased in the census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Calgary (-7.1%) and Edmonton (-2.4%). In the 12 months to May, the number of EI recipients in the province fell by 21,000 (-28.4%). Over the same period, LFS data show that the unemployment rate in Alberta declined from 7.8% to 6.2%.

In New Brunswick, the number of EI recipients fell by 3.2% to 26,900 in May, a sixth consecutive monthly decline. Decreases were led by the CMA of Moncton (-5.4%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI recipients in the province was down 16.0%.

The number of people receiving EI benefits in Prince Edward Island declined by 2.3% to 7,600, with decreases concentrated in the CAs (-4.3%). In the 12 months to May, the number of recipients was down 2.8%.

EI beneficiaries in British Columbia totalled 41,000 in May, down 2.2% from April. Declines were led by the CAs (-4.0%), with decreases also observed in the CMAs of Abbotsford–Mission (-4.0%) and Kelowna (-3.8%). Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of EI recipients in the province was down by 20.9%.

The number of people receiving regular EI benefits in Saskatchewan decreased by 1.7% to 16,900 in May, led by areas outside the CMAs and CAs (-1.8%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI recipients in Saskatchewan declined by 10.7%.

In Newfoundland and Labrador, the number of EI beneficiaries decreased slightly (-1.0%) to 36,800 in May, primarily due to declines in areas outside the CMA and CAs (-1.2%). Compared with 12 months earlier, there were 6.1% fewer beneficiaries in the province, the fastest year-over-year decline since December 2014. Data from the LFS show that the province's unemployment rate changed little over the 12 months, and was 14.5% in May.

In Quebec, the number of EI recipients increased by 3.5% to 108,200. Gains were concentrated in the CMAs (+6.2%), led by the CMA of Ottawa–Gatineau (Quebec part) (+13.3%). In the 12 months to May, the number of beneficiaries in the province was down by 17.8%.

There were 119,400 EI recipients in Ontario in May, an increase of 2.1% from April. Gains were widespread across the province, led by the CMA of Kingston (+8.3%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI beneficiaries in the province decreased by 11.6%.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

In the 12 months to May, the number of EI recipients fell in all 10 broad occupation groups. The largest declines were among those whose last job was in education, law and social, community and government services (-17.9%); business, finance and administration (-17.7%); trades, transport and equipment operators (-16.0%); as well as in natural and applied sciences (-15.7%). For the second consecutive month, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, and Alberta posted year-over-year declines in all broad occupation groups.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries in major demographic groups

Among both men and women, there was little change in the overall number of EI beneficiaries in May. Recipients increased among young men aged 15 to 24 (+7.0%), while they decreased among young women (-3.5%). A slight decline was observed for men aged 55 and older (-1.1%).

On a year-over-year basis, the number of beneficiaries declined in all major demographic groups, led by young women (-19.4%).

Employment Insurance claims

The number of claims totalled 226,600 in May, little changed from April. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

In May, claims fell in Prince Edward Island (-6.7%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-4.0%), Saskatchewan (-3.1%), New Brunswick (-2.4%) and Quebec (-1.8%). In contrast, there were increases in Alberta (+3.0%) and, to a lesser extent, Manitoba (+1.5%), Nova Scotia (+1.3%) and Ontario (+1.1%). There was little change in British Columbia.

In the 12 months to May, claims decreased by 1.2% nationally.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180719/dq180719a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Job Vacancies

First quarter 2018

The number of job vacancies totalled 462,000 in the first quarter, up 75,000 (+19.3%) from the first quarter of 2017. Meanwhile, the job vacancy rate rose 0.4 percentage points to 2.9%, continuing the series of year-over-year increases in the number of vacancies and the job vacancy rate that began in the fourth quarter of 2016.

The job vacancy rate represents the number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of labour demand; that is, the sum of all occupied and vacant jobs.

Job vacancies rose across most provinces, industrial sectors and occupational groups on a year-over-year basis.

The number of job vacancies in Canada (unadjusted for seasonality) was down 1.6% between the fourth quarter of 2017 and the first quarter of 2018. In comparison, the number of vacancies was little changed between the fourth quarter of 2016 and the first quarter of 2017, while job vacancies declined 7.5% between the fourth quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016.

Largest increases in job vacancies are in Quebec and British Columbia

Compared with the first quarter of 2017, job vacancies increased in eight provinces in the first quarter, led by Quebec and British Columbia. Increases were also observed in the territories, while the number of job vacancies was little changed in Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island. The job vacancy rate also increased in most provinces and territories over the year.

In the first quarter, the number of job vacancies was up by 25,000 in Quebec (+37.3%) compared with the same quarter in 2017. This was the seventh consecutive quarter with a year-over-year rise in the number of job vacancies in the province. Job vacancies increased in the majority of the sectors, led by manufacturing and accommodation and food services. At the same time, the job vacancy rate rose by 0.6 percentage points to 2.6%. Job vacancies and the job vacancy rate rose in most economic regions (ER) within the province, with Montréal (+8,700) having the largest increase in the number of job vacancies. Over the same period, the Labour Force Survey showed that the unemployment rate in Quebec fell from 6.3% to 5.5% between the first quarters of 2017 and 2018.

Employers in British Columbia reported 24,000 (+35.7%) more job vacancies compared with the first quarter of 2017. Over the same period, the job vacancy rate rose 1.0 percentage points to 4.2%, the highest rate among the provinces, and the number of job vacancies increased in 19 of the 20 industrial sectors. Partly reflecting the large size of its labour market, growth in job vacancies was concentrated in the ER of Lower Mainland–Southwest (+17,000), which includes Vancouver. Within this ER, the largest increases in job vacancies were in sales and service occupations as well as trades, transport and equipment operators.

There were 9,800 (+5.7%) more job vacancies in Ontario compared with the same quarter a year earlier. Over the same period, the job vacancy rate rose 0.1 percentage points to 2.9%. Job vacancies increased in a number of industrial sectors, led by transportation and warehousing (+4,200), health care and social assistance (+2,400) and arts, entertainment and recreation (+2,300). At the same time, job vacancies declined notably in retail trade (-7,600). The ERs of Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie and Ottawa recorded the largest increases in vacancies, while vacancies in the ER of Toronto were little changed.

Job vacancies in Alberta were up 7,900 (+18.5%) in the first quarter, led by health care and social assistance. Job vacancies were also up notably in construction; mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; and administrative and support services. Between the first quarters of 2017 and 2018, the job vacancy rate in the province was up 0.4 percentage points to 2.6%, the fifth consecutive quarter with year-over-year increases in the job vacancy rate.

Among the smaller provinces, Manitoba reported an increase of 2,800 (+26.4%) job vacancies in the first quarter, driven by health care and social assistance. Over the same period, the job vacancy rate was up 0.5 percentage points to 2.3%. This was the fourth consecutive quarter with year-over-year increases in job vacancies. However, according to the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH), payroll employment in Manitoba rose 1.1% between the first quarters of 2017 and 2018, a slower rate of growth than the national average of 2.2%.

Job vacancies rise in almost all of the largest industrial sectors

The number of job vacancies was up in 9 of the 10 largest industrial sectors (in terms of employment) between the first quarters of 2017 and 2018. Retail trade was the sole sector registering a decrease over the period.

The number of job vacancies reported by employers in health care and social assistance was 11,000 (+27.3%) higher compared with the same quarter a year earlier. With this increase, the sector became the second largest in regards to the number of vacancies—the first being accommodation and food services; a first since the beginning of the series in 2015. In the first quarter, the job vacancy rate in health care and social assistance was up 0.5 percentage points to 2.6%. Job vacancies were up in all four subsectors, with notable rises in ambulatory health care services as well as nursing and residential care facilities. The rise in job vacancies was also broadly based across provinces.

Transportation and warehousing had 9,300 (+45.6%) more job vacancies compared with the first quarter of 2017, mainly driven by Ontario and Quebec. As in the previous three quarters, this sector recorded the largest year-over-year increase in the job vacancy rate (+1.1 percentage points) among the 10 largest industrial sectors. Large increases in the number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rate were reported in truck transportation and in support activities for transportation. The rise in vacancies in transportation and warehousing was consistent with growth in national real gross domestic product recorded in this sector over the same period.

Job vacancies in manufacturing rose 7,800 (+23.2%) in the first quarter, and the job vacancy rate increased from 2.2% in the first quarter of 2017 to 2.7%. On a year-over-year basis, there were notable increases in job vacancies in transportation equipment, fabricated metal product manufacturing, as well as food manufacturing. While the job vacancy rate in transportation equipment manufacturing was among the lowest across the subsectors, the rates in the latter two subsectors were among the highest. Job vacancies increased the most in Quebec and Ontario.

By contrast, the number of job vacancies in retail trade declined by 6,600 (-13.3%) in the first quarter, following little change between the fourth quarters of 2016 and 2017. The job vacancy rate was down 0.3 percentage points to 2.1% in the first quarter, the lowest level for this sector since the first quarter of 2016. The year-over-year decline was the result of decreases in a number of subsectors. Several provinces reported declines, particularly Ontario. According to the SEPH, year-over-year growth in payroll employment in retail trade slowed to 0.2% in the first quarter.

Widespread increases in job vacancies across broad occupational categories

Job vacancies were up in 9 of the 10 broad occupational categories in the first quarter, with the largest increase in trades, transport and equipment operators, followed by sales and service occupations. Over the same period, the number of vacancies in occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport was little changed.

In the first quarter, job vacancies in trades, transport and equipment operators rose by 22,000 (+37.0%) on a year-over-year basis. Many of the more detailed occupational groups within this broad category were up, particularly motor vehicle and transit drivers (+7,900) and trades helpers and labourers (+3,300). Job vacancies in trades, transport and equipment operators were up in eight provinces, led by British Columbia and Quebec.

There were 22,000 (+17.6%) more job vacancies in sales and service occupations compared with the first quarter of 2017, with the increase concentrated in British Columbia and Quebec. The rise in vacancies was consistent with increases in several related sectors in the quarter: accommodation and food services (+7,000), administrative and support services (+4,800), and arts, entertainment and recreation (+2,900). On the other hand, the decline in retail trade contributed to the dampening of the overall increase in vacancies within sales and service occupations.

Within sales and service occupations, there were notable increases in vacancies in food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations (+6,300) and customer and information services representatives (+3,600). However, cashiers had 2,100 fewer vacancies compared with a year earlier, with Ontario accounting for more than three-quarters of the net decline. For cashiers in this province, job vacancies decreased solely for part-time work.

The offered wage for vacant positions in sales and service occupations was up 8.7% in the first quarter, with Ontario (+14.9%) and Alberta (+9.6%) reporting the largest percentage increases. The gains for this low-wage occupational category also coincided with a notable rise in the minimum wage in these two provinces.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180712/dq180712a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

June 2018

After two consecutive months of little change, employment rose by 32,000 in June. With more people searching for work, the unemployment rate increased by 0.2 percentage points to 6.0%.

Compared with June 2017, employment increased by 215,000 or 1.2%, with all the growth in full-time work. Over the same period, total hours worked grew by 1.4%.

Overall employment was little changed in the first six months of 2018, following notable growth in 2017.

Highlights

Employment increased in Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. There was little change in the other provinces.

More people were employed in construction, natural resources, and manufacturing. At the same time, employment decreased in accommodation and food services, and in agriculture.

There was little change in the number of employees in both the private and public sectors, as well as in self-employment.

In June, employment rose for men aged 55 and older, while it held steady for the other demographic groups.

Employment up in Ontario, Saskatchewan and Manitoba

In Ontario, employment rose by 35,000 in June, bringing year-over-year gains to 157,000 (+2.2%). With more people looking for work, the unemployment rate in Ontario increased to 5.9% in June, up 0.2 percentage points from May.

In Saskatchewan, employment rose by 8,300 in June, the largest increase since April 2012. The unemployment rate fell by 0.5 percentage points to 6.3% in June. Despite the monthly increase, employment in the province was little changed on a year-over-year basis.

Employment in Manitoba increased by 4,100 in June, reducing the unemployment rate to 6.1% (-0.4 percentage points). Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in the province was up 5,800 (+0.9%).

In Alberta, employment held steady in June, and the unemployment rate was 6.5%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in the province was up 34,000 (+1.5%).

In British Columbia, employment was little changed both on a monthly and a year-over-year-basis. The unemployment rate in the province increased by 0.4 percentage points to 5.2% in June, the result of more people looking for work.

Employment in Quebec was also little changed in the month and on a year-over-year-basis. The unemployment rate in the province was 5.4% in June.

Quarterly update for the territories

In the second quarter of 2018, employment in the Northwest Territories rose by an estimated 600 compared with the first quarter. The unemployment rate was little changed at 8.6%, while the employment rate was up 1.6 percentage points to 65.8%.

Employment in Nunavut increased by an estimated 400 compared with the first quarter. At the same time, the unemployment rate increased to 14.1% (+1.5 percentage points), the result of more people looking for work. The employment rate was up 1.1 percentage points to 53.7%.

In Yukon, employment held steady from the first quarter to the second quarter, and the unemployment rate edged down to 2.3%. The employment rate was little changed, at 73.1%.

Industry perspective

Following two consecutive months of declines, employment in construction rose by 27,000 in June, bringing year-over-year gains to 44,000 (+3.1%). Ontario accounted for most of the increase in June.

There were 13,000 more people employed in natural resources, contributing to year-over-year gains of 22,000, or 6.8% — one of the fastest rates of growth among all industries. Employment in this industry has been trending upward since the summer of 2016.

Employment also increased in manufacturing, up 11,000 in June. This was the first increase so far this year, and it was driven by gains in Ontario. In the 12 months to June, the number of people working in this industry was virtually unchanged.

In accommodation and food services, employment fell by 16,000, with decreases in Quebec, Alberta and Nova Scotia. On a year-over-year basis, national employment in this industry was up 35,000 (+2.9%).

There were 6,100 fewer people employed in agriculture in June. On a year-over-year basis, employment was little changed.

In June, there was little change in the number of employees in both the private and public sectors. On a year-over-year-basis, public-sector employment was up 84,000 (+2.3%), while the number of private-sector employees grew by 79,000 (+0.7%).

There was also little change in the number of self-employed workers in June. Compared with 12 months earlier, self-employment was up 53,000 (+1.9%).

Demographic overview

In June, employment increased by 13,000 for men aged 55 and older, bringing their year-over-year gains to 79,000 (+3.8%). Among women in the same age group, employment was little changed in the month, while it was up 73,000 (+4.1%) compared with June 2017.

In the core age group (those aged 25 to 54), employment for both men and women was little changed in June. The unemployment rate for men was unchanged, at 5.0%. For women, however, the unemployment rate increased by 0.3 percentage points to 5.2% as more of them were seeking work. On a year-over-year-basis, employment was up for both men (+40,000 or +0.6%) and women (+32,000 or +0.6%).

Among the youth population aged 15 to 24, employment was little changed both on a monthly and a year-over-year basis. With more young people searching for work, the youth unemployment rate increased to 11.7% in June, up 0.6 percentage points from the previous month.

Summer employment for students

From May to August, the Labour Force Survey collects labour market data on youth aged 15 to 24 who were attending school full time in March and who intend to return to school full time in the fall. The June survey results provide an early indication of the summer job market for students, especially those aged 20 to 24, as many younger students are still in school. Published data are not seasonally adjusted, therefore, comparisons can only be made with data for the same month in previous years.

For students aged 20 to 24, employment increased by 26,000 (+5.4%) in June compared with 12 months earlier. As their population grew at a faster pace (+6.7%), their employment rate was little changed, at 65.8% in June. On the other hand, their unemployment rate rose by 1.5 percentage points to 10.9%, as more of them were searching for work.

Employment for students aged 17 to 19 was down 20,000 (-4.1%) in June compared with 12 months earlier. With fewer of them looking for work, their unemployment rate fell 2.2 percentage points to 12.3%. At the same time, their employment rate was 53.8%.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180706/dq180706a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Average Weekly Earnings

Average weekly earnings of payroll employees in British Columbia (seasonally adjusted, current dollars) went down in April, declining by $10.81 (-1.1%) to reach $952.22.

Compared to April 2017, average weekly earnings in British Columbia increased by 1.6%, ranking sixth among provinces (tied with Manitoba). Growth was spread across most sectors, with the largest gains recorded in real estate and rental and leasing (+21.0%) and utilities (+17.5%).

Nationally, average weekly earnings fell slightly (-0.3%) compared to the previous month. Management of companies and enterprises (-3.6%), arts, entertainment and recreation (-3.4%), and construction (-3.3%) saw the largest declines for the month. Compared to April 2017, earnings increased by 2.5% to reach $994.68.

Earnings across the country ranged from a high of $1,392.72 in the Northwest Territories to a low of $847.54 in Prince Edward Island. Alberta had the highest average weekly earnings among provinces in April, at $1,153.22. Eight provinces saw increases in average weekly earnings compared to a year ago, meanwhile earnings in Newfoundland and Labrador (-0.6%) and Saskatchewan (-0.1%) fell.

Note that average weekly earnings change due to a number of factors including wage growth, changes in occupation or job experience, changes in the average work week, and changes in the number of people employed in different industries.

Source: Statistics Canada

Average weekly earnings (including overtime) of payroll employees in British Columbia were $959.86 in May (seasonally adjusted, current dollars), $7.11 higher than in the previous month (+0.7%). Earnings were up considerably in the goods-producing sector (+2.7%), particularly in construction (+3.5%). Meanwhile, the services sector saw a more moderate increase (+0.4%), with boosts in some industries, like educational services (+2.7%) and arts, entertainment and recreation (+3.4%), offsetting declines in several others.  Compared with a year earlier, average weekly earnings were up 2.1% in the province.

Nationally, average weekly earnings stood at $998.37, an increase of $4.35 (+0.4%) from April.

Data Source: Statistics Canada
BC Stats Infoline

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

May 2018

The average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees totalled $998 in May, up 0.4% from April following five months of virtually no change. In the 12 months to May, earnings increased by 2.9%.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.8 hours per week in May, little changed from April. Compared with May 2017, average hours worked edged up from 32.7 hours per week.

Average weekly earnings by sector

In the 12 months to May, average weekly earnings increased in 8 of the 10 largest industrial sectors. At the same time, there was little change in earnings in both educational services and administrative and support services.

For payroll employees working in retail trade, earnings rose 5.8% to $589 per week, the seventh consecutive month of notable year-over-year growth for this sector. In May, the growth was mainly driven by building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers; general merchandise stores; as well as clothing and clothing accessories stores. Earnings growth was widespread across provinces, with Alberta (+7.2%), Newfoundland and Labrador (+6.9%) and Ontario (+6.1%) leading the gains.

In May, weekly earnings were 4.9% higher than 12 months earlier in public administration, amounting to an average of $1,320. The rise was spread across the subsectors and was led by increases in Ontario and Quebec. Earnings in public administration have been trending up since the fall of 2016.

Average weekly earnings in wholesale trade were up 4.7% to $1,252. Most of the increase was attributable to wholesalers of machinery, equipment and supplies. Earnings in this sector have trended up since the start of 2017.

In accommodation and food services, earnings were up 4.6% to $397. Earnings in the sector have been trending up since early 2017. The fastest year-over-year growth was in Ontario (+8.6%), mostly the result of gains in the second half of 2017.

In May, average weekly earnings in the construction sector were up 3.4% year over year to $1,243. This was largely attributable to the specialty trade contractors subsector. Provincially, earnings growth in Ontario contributed the most to the rise in this sector.

The average weekly earnings of employees in the health care and social assistance sector increased 2.7% to $915. This was mainly attributable to the ambulatory health care services subsector. The sector saw earnings growth in eight provinces, with Quebec contributing the most to the change.

In manufacturing, weekly earnings increased by 1.6% in the 12 months to May to an average of $1,100. The rise was spread across multiple subsectors, notably in food manufacturing. Most of the increase was attributable to Quebec, where the year-over-year growth in earnings was 3.5%.

There were also earnings gains in professional, scientific and technical services, where average weekly earnings rose 1.2% to $1,367. Earnings in the sector have been relatively stable since the start of 2018.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to May, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees increased in eight provinces, led by Quebec and Alberta. Earnings were little changed in Newfoundland and Labrador as well as in Saskatchewan.

Average weekly earnings in Quebec rose 3.5% to $929. The public administration, health care and social assistance and manufacturing sectors contributed the most to the earnings growth in the province.

In Alberta, average weekly earnings were up 3.4% to $1,150. The mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector contributed the most to the earnings growth. Both payroll employment and earnings rose in this high-paying sector. Earnings also increased in retail trade, while employment was virtually unchanged in the sector.

In the 12 months to May, earnings in New Brunswick grew 3.2% to $912. Increases in health care and social assistance contributed the most to the rise.

Average weekly earnings rose 3.2% to $842 in Prince Edward Island, with administrative and support services contributing most to the earnings growth.

In Ontario, average weekly earnings increased 3.1% to $1,016. Public administration, finance and insurance as well as construction were the largest contributors to the rise. In the first five months of 2018, earnings in the province have grown at a slower pace than in the last five months of 2017.

In Manitoba, average weekly earnings also grew 3.1% in the 12 months to May to $937. Increases in earnings in manufacturing were tempered by a decrease in the number of employees in the high-paying finance and insurance sector.

In Nova Scotia, average weekly earnings increased 2.7% to $869. Earnings grew across many sectors in the province, with health care and social assistance the main contributor to the increase. At the same time, earnings declined by 4.5% in information and cultural industries.

In British Columbia, average earnings were up 2.1% to $960 per week. Many sectors contributed to the growth, led by public administration and construction, while it was tempered by a notable decline in administrative and support services.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The number of non-farm payroll employees increased by 41,300 from April to May. The largest gains were in educational services, health care and social assistance, as well as arts, entertainment and recreation. Smaller increases were recorded in other industrial sectors, such as administrative and support services; professional, scientific and technical services; and public administration.

In the 12 months to May, the number of payroll jobs rose by 385,900 (+2.4%). Growth was widespread across sectors, with the largest increase in health care and social assistance (+53,700 or +2.8%). The rise in this sector was shared between the ambulatory health care services and social assistance subsectors.

There was also an increase in the number of payroll employees in manufacturing (+46,200 or +3.1%) spread across most subsectors.

The employment growth in educational services (+42,200 or +3.3%) was driven by elementary and secondary schools.

The number of payroll jobs increased by 41,000 or 4.6% in professional, scientific and technical services. The rise was largely attributable to growth in the computer systems design and related services industry. Payroll employment has been trending upwards in the sector since September 2016.

In public administration, the rise in payroll employment (+39,600 or +3.7%) was driven by gains in federal as well as provincial and territorial public administration.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180726/dq180726a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan