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Introduction

December 2018

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Labour Force Survey

Average Weekly Earnings

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2009

4.6

4.6

6.5

6.5

8.4

7.7

7.0

8.3

7.9

7.2

5.5

5.4

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.1

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

6.0

5.3

4.6

2018

3.8

4.5

5.7

6.3

7.9

7.0

7.4

6.0

5.6

4.3

4.3

 

 

In November 2018, the unemployment rate in BC is 4.0% and 6.2% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 4.4% in November, up 0.3 percentage points from October and down 0.4 percentage points from 12 months ago. The labour force (+24,500) and employment (+15,900) increased from October. They also grew over the previous 12 months, with both employment (+42,500) and the labour force (+33,300) expanding.

In November, 33,400 part-time jobs were added and full-time jobs declined by 17,500. There were fewer full-time jobs for those aged 25 to 54 (‑9,800), 55 years and over (-5,000), and 15 to 24 (-2,900). Gains in part-time jobs were observed for persons 55 years and over (+15,200), 25 to 54 (+14,900), and 15 to 24 (+3,400).

In November, employment increased in the private (+1,400) and public (+1,600) sectors. The number of self-employed individuals grew (+12,900) compared to October.

Provincial Comparisons

At 4.4%, British Columbia’s unemployment rate was the lowest in Canada during the month of November. Quebec had the second lowest unemployment rate (5.4%), followed by Saskatchewan (5.5%) and Ontario (5.6%). Alberta (6.3%) had the fifth highest unemployment rate.

Gender

In November, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) grew by 1,500, while the labour force increased as well (+4,900). As a result, the unemployment rate was 3.4%, up from 3.1% for the previous month.

For women (aged 25 years and over), there were 13,800 more jobs in November. The labour force grew by 16,400, which resulted in the unemployment rate rising to 4.5% from 4.4% the previous month.

Compared to November 2017, the unemployment rate for men was down by 1.0 percentage points to 3.4%, and for women it was up 0.4 percentage points to 4.5%. Jobs for men increased by 24,000 (+2.2%) compared to a year ago, and employment for women increased by 31,800 (+3.1%).

Youth Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years was 7.3% in November, up from 6.7% the previous month. Total employment increased by 600, while 3,000 individuals joined the labour force. There were employment losses for full-time (-2,900), while part-time (+3,400) positions increased.

Compared to November 2017, the unemployment rate for youth was down 0.6 percentage points to 7.3%.

Industry

Employment in the goods-producing sector was up (+5,800 or +1.2%) in November. Most of the gains were in the construction (+5,000 or +2.1%) and agriculture (+3,300 or +14.2%) industries, with utilities (+600 or +4.2%) also adding positions. There were fewer jobs in the manufacturing (-2,300 or -1.3%) and forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (-900 or -1.8%) industries. In the twelve months to November, the goods-producing sector added 800 (+0.2%) jobs.

In November, overall employment was up for the services-producing sector (+10,100 or +0.5%) compared to the previous month. Among the service industries, business, building and other support services (+7,200 or +7.3%) posted the largest increase, followed by information, culture, and recreation (+3,900 or +3.1%), health care and social assistance (+3,400 or +1.0%), and wholesale and retail trade (+3,000 or +0.8%). On the other hand, employment declined in educational services (-3,800 or -2.2%), professional, scientific, and technical services (-3,600 or -1.7%), and other services outside of public administration (-2,300 or -1.9%) in November. Since November 2017, the services-producing sector has added 41,700 (+2.1%) positions.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

October 2018

The number of regular Employment Insurance (EI) beneficiaries fell for a third consecutive month, down 6,500 or 1.5% from September to 439,600 in October.

Decreases were observed in Ontario (-3.7%), British Columbia (-2.4%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-1.7%), Saskatchewan (-1.6%), Alberta (-1.1%) and Quebec (-1.0%).

New Brunswick (+2.7%) was the only province to see a rise in the number of people receiving EI benefits, while there was little change in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Manitoba.

Compared with October 2017, the number of EI recipients in Canada declined by 70,700 (-13.8%).

In general, variations in the number of beneficiaries can reflect changes in the circumstances of different groups, including those becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those exhausting their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

In particular, some of the declines in beneficiaries in October coincided with the expiring of a temporary EI measure that has been in effect for claims submitted from January 2015 to July 2017. This measure offered additional weeks of EI regular benefits in 15 EI economic regions that had experienced a sharp and sustained increase in unemployment. All eligible claimants were entitled to an additional five weeks of EI regular benefits, and long-tenured workers were granted up to an additional 20 weeks of benefits.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

In Ontario, the number of people receiving EI benefits declined for a second consecutive month, down 3.7% from September to 111,400 in October. Declines were widespread across the province. On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI recipients fell by 16.6%. Compared with October 2017, employment was up 1.2% in the province according to the Labour Force Survey (LFS).

In British Columbia, the number of EI beneficiaries in October fell 2.4% to 36,700. Declines were recorded across the province, notably in the census metropolitans areas (CMAs) of Kelowna (-5.0%) and Vancouver (-3.3%). Compared with October 2017, the number of recipients was down by 21.5%. From October 2017 to October 2018, employment in the province rose 2.0% according to the LFS.

In Newfoundland and Labrador, 33,500 people received EI benefits in October, down 1.7% from September. This continued a downward trend that began at the start of 2018. According to the LFS, the unemployment rate fell by 1.1 percentage points from September to 12.7%. Declines were observed in the CMA of St. John's (-2.4%) and in areas outside of the CMAs and census agglomerations (CAs) (-1.8%). In the 12 months to October, the number of EI beneficiaries fell by 12.4% in the province.

The number of EI beneficiaries in Saskatchewan decreased by 1.6% in October to 15,100. This decline continued a downward trend that started at the beginning of the year. About half of the decrease was in areas outside of the CMAs and CAs (-1.7%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI recipients declined by 13.9%.

In October, the number of EI recipients in Alberta edged down 1.1% to 47,200. Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of beneficiaries was down by 24.2%, the largest year-over-year decrease among the provinces. On a year-over-year basis, employment increased 1.8% in Alberta, according to the LFS.

The number of EI beneficiaries in Quebec fell for a third consecutive month, down 1.0% from September to 112,700. The CMA of Montréal (-2.4%) was largely responsible for the decline. In the 12 months to October, the number of EI beneficiaries in the province fell by 9.9%.

Following little change in the previous two months, the number of people in New Brunswick who received EI benefits increased by 2.7% to 28,800 in October. The rise was largely due to those who last worked in trades, transport, and equipment operator occupations. Increases were recorded across the province, led by the CMA of Moncton (+3.2%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI beneficiaries decreased by 10.9% in the province.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of EI beneficiaries decreased in all 10 broad occupational groups in October. The largest declines were among those whose last job was in manufacturing and utilities (-28.3%). A year earlier, there was a relative high point in the number of beneficiaries for this occupational group, coinciding with temporary shutdowns in Ontario's automotive industry.

Employment Insurance claims

In October, there were 227,600 claims, down 9,200 or 3.9% from September. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

The number of claims decreased in every province: Nova Scotia (-7.8%), Saskatchewan (-5.5%), New Brunswick (-5.3%), Alberta (-4.6%), Quebec (-4.4%), Prince Edward Island (-4.2%), Manitoba (-4.1%), British Columbia (-3.7%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-3.1%) and Ontario (-2.4%).

Compared with October 2017, the number of claims fell by 2.7% at the national level.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181218/dq181218a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

November 2018

Employment rose by 94,000 in November, driven by gains in full-time work. The unemployment rate decreased 0.2 percentage points to 5.6%, the lowest since comparable data became available in 1976.

In the 12 months to November, employment grew by 219,000 or 1.2%, reflecting gains in full-time work (+227,000 or +1.5%). Over the same period, total hours worked were up 2.1%.

Highlights

Employment increased in six provinces, led by Quebec and Alberta, and was little changed in the four Atlantic provinces.

More people worked in professional, scientific and technical services; health care and social assistance; construction; business, building and other support services; transportation and warehousing; and agriculture. At the same time, fewer people worked in information, culture and recreation.

Employment increased for private sector employees, while it was little changed for public sector employees. The number of self-employed was also little changed.

Employment increased for both core-aged women and men (aged 25 to 54), as well as for older people (aged 55 and over)—driven by men.

Employment up in six provinces

In Quebec, employment rose by 26,000 in November, the result of more full-time work. The unemployment rate was little changed at 5.4%. Employment increased notably in professional, scientific and technical services; as well as in educational services. In the 12 months to November, employment was little changed in the province.

Employment grew by 24,000 in Alberta in November, boosted by gains in full-time work. At the same time, the unemployment rate fell 1.0 percentage point to 6.3%. In the 12 months to November, employment in Alberta rose by 59,000 (+2.6%).

In Ontario, employment increased by 20,000 compared with October, the result of gains in full-time work. The number of unemployed was little changed and the unemployment rate held steady at 5.6%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in the province increased by 66,000 or 0.9%, also due to more full-time work.

The number of employed people in British Columbia grew by 16,000 in November. The unemployment rate rose 0.3 percentage points to 4.4%. In the 12 months to November, employment in British Columbia increased by 43,000 (+1.7%).

There were 5,500 more employed people in Saskatchewan. The unemployment rate declined by 0.7 percentage points to 5.5%, the second decrease in three months. Compared with November 2017, employment grew by 15,000 (+2.7%).

In November, there were 2,600 more Manitobans employed. The unemployment rate fell 0.4 percentage points to 5.7%, as fewer people searched for work. On a year-over-year basis, employment rose 7,000 (+1.1%).

Industry perspective

In November, employment in professional, scientific and technical services increased by 26,000, led by Ontario and Quebec. On a year-over-year basis, employment was little changed in this industry.

In health care and social assistance, employment rose for the second consecutive month, up 19,000 in November. Most of the increase came from Alberta and Ontario. In the 12 months to November, employment in the industry increased 57,000 or 2.4%.

Employment in construction increased by 15,000, led by gains in British Columbia and tempered by a decline in Newfoundland and Labrador. Year over year, employment was little changed in the industry.

The number of people employed in business, building and other support services grew by 15,000 in November, the third increase in four months. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in this industry rose by 60,000 (+8.0%).

In November, there were employment gains of 9,000 in the transportation and warehousing industry. These gains were concentrated in Ontario. Employment in this industry has been trending upward since April 2017. On a year-over-year basis, employment rose by 51,000 (+5.3%).

The number of people employed in agriculture increased by 7,100. Compared with November 2017, employment was little changed in the industry.

Employment declined in information, culture and recreation (-10,000 or -1.3%), continuing the downward trend that started in August. The decrease was driven by Ontario. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in this industry was down by 25,000 (-3.2%) at the national level.

Employment gains driven by private sector employees

In November, the number of private sector employees increased by 79,000, while it was little changed for public sector employees after declining in October. The number of self-employed was also little changed.

On a year-over-year basis, the number of private sector employees rose by 146,000 (+1.2%), while the number of public sector employees grew by 48,000 (+1.3%). Over the same period, there was little change in the number of self-employed workers.

More core-aged and older workers

Employment among those aged 25 to 54 was up 49,000 in November, the result of increases for both women (+32,000) and men (+17,000). The unemployment rate fell by 0.4 percentage points to 4.6% for core-aged women, and by 0.2 percentage points to 4.7% for core-aged men. In the 12 months to November, employment within this age group rose by 208,000 (+1.7%), largely the result of gains for women (+129,000).

In November, employment for those aged 55 and over grew by 39,000, driven by increases among men. As more people in this age group searched for work, their unemployment rate rose by 0.6 percentage points to 5.5%, the highest rate since November 2017. On a year-over-year basis, employment for this age group increased by 72,000 (+1.8%), also primarily the result of gains for men (+53,000).

Employment among youth aged 15 to 24 was little changed in November, and their unemployment rate was also little changed at 10.8%. Compared with November 2017, youth employment was down 61,000 (-2.4%), the largest year-over-year decrease since July 2016.

Cannabis-related jobs: A budding source of employment

Non-medicinal cannabis became legal in Canada on October 17, 2018. The number of people employed in cannabis-related jobs in November was 10,400, an increase of 7,500 (+266%) from 12 months earlier. Employment in these types of jobs trended up throughout most of 2018. Estimates for this section are three-month moving averages and are not seasonally adjusted. See the note below for more details and definitions.

The majority (58%) of cannabis-related jobs in November 2018 were in the agriculture industry, where workers performed duties such as bud trimming. The rest of the employment was spread across a number of other industries such as educational services, health care, and retail trade.

The average hourly wage for employees in cannabis-related jobs was $29.58, higher than the national average ($27.03). Private sector employees accounted for the majority (83%) of these jobs.

More men than women worked in these jobs (79% compared with 21%). The median age was 35 years, younger than the median for workers in non-cannabis-related jobs (40 years). Virtually all of the employees were working full time and had permanent positions.

The highest level of cannabis-related employment was in Ontario, an estimated 5,700, representing more than half of the national total. Ontario is the province with the largest concentration of licensed producers.

Note: 'Cannabis-related jobs' refer to those in which a Labour Force Survey (LFS) respondent's business name is on Health Canada's list of approximately 120 licensed producers, or whose work description contains keywords such as "cannabis" or "marijuana." These results do not reflect official industry or occupation classification standards, and are not seasonally adjusted. Data are presented as three-month moving averages. In April of this year, Statistics Canada published "A snapshot of licensed cannabis producers" using administrative records, which pegged employment at about 2,400 at the end of 2017. The estimates from the LFS may be higher for a number of reasons, such as the inclusion of unlicensed businesses.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181207/dq181207a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Average Weekly Earnings

Average weekly earnings (including overtime) of payroll employees in British Columbia slipped 2.2% in September to $978.10 (seasonally adjusted, current dollars). This was the first decline after four consecutive months of growth. Compared with a year earlier, average weekly earnings were up 2.6% in the province.

Earnings were up in British Columbia’s goods-producing industries (+0.2%) but were offset by a drop in the service sector (-0.4%), including a 1.8% decrease in retail services, the sector with the largest number of employees.

The number of payroll employees grew 0.5% in September to 2.3 million.

Nationally, average weekly earnings stood at $1,004, little changed from August but up 1.8% from September 2017. There were 16,336,759 payroll employees, an increase of 0.2%.

BC Stats Online

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

October 2018

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $1,009 in October, up 0.6% from the previous month. Compared with 12 months earlier, earnings increased by 2.5%.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.7 hours per week in October, up from 32.5 hours the previous month, but down from 32.8 hours in October 2017.

Average weekly earnings by sector

Compared with October 2017, average weekly earnings increased in 6 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, with retail trade leading these increases for the seventh consecutive month. Earnings were little changed in educational services, administrative and support services, manufacturing and wholesale trade.

On a year-over-year basis, average weekly earnings in retail trade rose 7.6% to $613. General merchandise stores and motor vehicle and parts dealers contributed the most to the growth. Employees in retail trade worked an average of 28.4 hours per week in October, up from 27.8 hours per week 12 months earlier.

In accommodation and food services, earnings increased by 6.1% to $410, largely due to the full-service restaurants and limited-service eating place industry. Earnings in this sector have been on an upward trend since the spring of 2017.

For payroll employees in professional, scientific and technical services, earnings in October were $1,402, up 3.6% from 12 months earlier. Earnings and employment gains in architectural, engineering and related services contributed the most to the increase, followed by employment growth in computer systems design and related services.

In health care and social assistance, average weekly earnings rose 3.2% to $920, led by ambulatory health care services and social assistance.

Earnings in public administration were up 2.2% to $1,313 in October. The largest contributors to the increase in this sector were federal, and provincial and territorial public administration. Provincially, Quebec contributed the most to the increase in public administration, with notable growth from October 2017 to May 2018.

In construction, earnings rose 1.6% to $1,258, driven by growth in Ontario, British Columbia and Quebec. The increase was partly offset by a decline in employment in Alberta, where wages in construction were the highest among the provinces. At the national level, heavy and civil engineering construction led the year-over-year increase in this sector.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to October, average weekly earnings grew in eight provinces, led by Manitoba. At the same time, earnings were little changed in Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador.

In Manitoba, average weekly earnings rose 3.9% to $944 in October, with educational services and information and cultural industries contributing the most to the growth. The minimum hourly wage in Manitoba increased from $11.15 to $11.35 effective October 1, 2018.

On a year-over-year basis, earnings in Prince Edward Island were up 3.5% to $850, partly attributable to a relative low period in earnings in the fall of 2017. The gains were spread across several sectors, with administrative and support services contributing the most to the increase.

Earnings in Nova Scotia were $885 in October, an increase of 3.2%. The health care and social assistance sector contributed the most to the gains in the province.

Average weekly earnings were $937 in Quebec, 3.0% higher than 12 months earlier. Gains were widespread, with health care and social assistance, and professional, scientific and technical services contributing the most to the increase.

Payroll employees in Ontario saw their average weekly earnings increase by 2.9% to $1,030, with health care and social assistance contributing the most to the rise.

In British Columbia, earnings were up 2.7% to $978, with construction contributing the most to the growth.

For payroll employees in Saskatchewan, average weekly earnings rose 2.2% to $1,029. Public administration was the largest contributor to this year-over-year increase. The minimum hourly wage in Saskatchewan increased from $10.96 to $11.06 effective October 1, 2018.

In New Brunswick, earnings were up 2.2% to $919 in October, with public administration, and real estate and rental and leasing contributing the most to the growth.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The number of non-farm payroll employees rose by 42,800 from September. The largest month-over-month increases were in health care and social assistance, manufacturing and construction. At the same time, payroll employment declined in accommodation and food services as well as in the information and cultural industries.

Compared with October 2017, the number of payroll employees rose by 380,900 (+2.3%). Employment increased in most sectors, led by health care and social assistance (+64,000 or +3.3%), professional, scientific and technical services (+43,400 or +4.8%) and manufacturing (+37,900 or +2.5%). In contrast, there were declines in information and cultural industries (-4,400 or -1.3%) and real estate and rental and leasing (-1,100 or -0.4%).

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181220/dq181220b-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan