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Introduction

October 2018

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Labour Force Survey

Job Vacancies

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2009

4.6

4.6

6.5

6.5

8.4

7.7

7.0

8.3

7.9

7.2

5.5

5.4

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.1

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

6.0

5.3

4.6

2018

3.8

4.5

5.7

6.3

7.9

7.0

7.4

6.0

5.6

 

 

 

 

In September 2018, the unemployment rate in BC is 4.8% and 6.9% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 4.2% in September, down 1.1 percentage points from August and 0.7 percentage points from 12 months ago. The labour force (+6,900) did not increase as much as the number of employed (+33,300) in September. Compared to 12 months ago, employment growth (+43,000) has outpaced increases in the labour force (+27,700).

In September, 25,800 full-time and 7,700 part-time jobs were added. Increases in full-time employment were spread across all age groups with the majority take up by the 25 to 54 age group (+15,000). Gains in part-time jobs were observed for persons 25 to 54 years of age (+4,800) and 15 to 24 (+3,600), while there were part-time job losses for those aged 55 years and over (-800).

In September, employment was up in both the private (+35,800) and public (+8,700) sectors. The number of self-employed individuals decreased (-11,200) compared to August.

Provincial Comparisons

At 4.2%, British Columbia’s unemployment rate was the lowest in Canada during the month of September. Quebec had the second lowest unemployment rate (5.3%), followed by Manitoba (5.8%) and Ontario (5.9%). Alberta (7.0%) had the sixth lowest unemployment rate.

Gender

In September, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) grew by 13,400, while the labour force lagged in comparison (+2,800). As a result, the unemployment rate for men was 3.7%, down from 4.6% for the previous month.

For women (aged 25 years and over), 9,400 jobs were added in September. The labour force grew by 4,800, which resulted in the unemployment rate for women falling to 3.9% from 4.3% the previous month.

Compared to September 2017, the unemployment rate for men was down by 0.9 percentage points to 3.7%, and for women it was down 0.4 percentage points to 3.9%. Jobs for men increased by 20,100 (+1.8%) compared to a year ago, and employment for women increased by 24,700 (+2.4%).

Youth Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years was 6.8% in September, down from 9.7% the previous month. Total employment increased by 10,500, while 600 individuals left the labour force. There were employment gains for full-time (+6,900) and part-time (+3,600) positions.

Compared to September 2017, the unemployment rate for youth was down 0.5 percentage points to 6.8%.

Industry

Employment in the goods-producing sector was up (+14,500 or +3.0%) in September. Most of the gains were in the manufacturing (+6,400 or +3.8%) and agriculture (+4,600 or +23.4%) industries, while construction (+2,700 or +1.1%), and forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (+1,200 or +2.5%) also increased. Utilities (-200 or -1.4%) posted a small drop in employment. In the twelve months to September, the goods-producing sector grew by 8,900 (+1.8%) jobs.

In September, overall employment was up for the services-producing sector (+18,900 or +0.9%) compared to the previous month. Among the service industries, accommodation and food services (+5,900 or +3.1%), others services (+5,400 or +4.6%), and health care and social assistance (+4,800 or +1.5%) posted the largest increases. Business, building and other support services (‑3,600 or -3.6%) and information, culture and recreation were the only industries with a notable decline in employment during September. Since September 2017, the services-producing sector has added 34,100 (+1.7%) positions.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

The number of regular Employment Insurance (EI) recipients in B.C. inched down (-0.9% seasonally adjusted) to 42,200 in August. An increase in the number of male beneficiaries (+3.4%) was offset by a decline among female recipients (-6.2%).

Nationally, the number was 1.6% lower than in July, with 464,660 Canadians receiving regular EI benefits.

Data Source: Statistics Canada
BC Stats Infoline

August 2018

In August, 464,700 people received regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, down 7,400 (-1.6%) from the previous month.

The number of beneficiaries fell in the majority of provinces, with the largest percentage declines in Prince Edward Island (-4.5%), Alberta (-3.7%), Quebec (-2.6%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-2.5%), Manitoba (-2.2%) and Nova Scotia (-1.3%). There was little change in Ontario.

Compared with August 2017, the number of EI recipients in Canada declined by 61,900 (-11.8%).

In general, variations in the number of beneficiaries can reflect changes in the circumstances of a number of different groups, including those becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those exhausting their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

In Prince Edward Island, the number of EI recipients declined by 4.5% in August to 7,600, offsetting the increase in July. Declines were observed across most of the province. Compared with August 2017, the number of beneficiaries fell by 2.6%.

There were 52,300 people receiving EI benefits in Alberta in August, down 3.7% from July and continuing the downward trend that began in the fall of 2016. In the 12 months to August, Alberta continued to have the fastest year-over-year decline among the provinces, with the number of recipients down 23.0%. Data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) report that the unemployment rate for the province fell from 8.1% to 6.7% over this period.

In Quebec, the number of beneficiaries fell by 2.6% to 117,000, following three consecutive monthly increases. In the 12 months to August, the number of beneficiaries in the province fell by 10.8%. Over the same period, the provincial unemployment rate, as reported by the LFS, decreased by 0.4 percentage points to 5.6%.

The number of people receiving EI benefits in Newfoundland and Labrador was down 2.5% in August to 34,900. This decline continued the downward trend that began at the end of 2017. On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI recipients fell by 10.2%. Despite fewer EI recipients, the unemployment rate, as reported by the LFS, was little changed over the period.

In August, the number of EI recipients in Manitoba fell by 2.2% to 15,700. In the 12 months to August, the number of people receiving benefits in Manitoba was little changed.

The number of people in Nova Scotia who received EI benefits in August declined by 1.3% to 26,900. Compared with August 2017, Nova Scotia had 3.5% fewer beneficiaries.

In Ontario, the number of EI beneficiaries was virtually unchanged in August at 120,400. On a year-over-year basis, the number of recipients in the province fell by 10.1%. Over the same period, the LFS reported employment growth of 1.1% in the province.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of EI beneficiaries decreased in all 10 broad occupational groups in August. Those whose last job was in management led the declines (-17.0%), followed closely by occupations in natural and applied sciences (-16.7%) and occupations in sales and service (-16.6%).

Employment Insurance claims

There were 239,100 claims in August, down 1.8% from July. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

Prince Edward Island (-11.1%) and Alberta (-7.9%) recorded the largest percentage declines, followed by Quebec (-3.6%), Saskatchewan (-3.4%) and Manitoba (-2.3%). In contrast, there were more claims in Nova Scotia (+2.4%) and Ontario (+1.2%). There was little change in the other provinces.

In the 12 months to August, the number of claims increased by 3.0% at the national level.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181018/dq181018a-eng.htm

Labour Force Survey

September 2018

Employment rose by 63,000 in September, driven by an increase in part-time employment. The unemployment rate declined 0.1 percentage points to 5.9%.

Compared with September 2017, employment was up 222,000 or 1.2%, entirely the result of gains in full-time work (+224,000). Over the same period, total hours worked increased 0.7%.

In the third quarter, employment grew by 66,000 (+0.4%), following little change in the first and second quarters.

Highlights

Employment increased in Ontario and British Columbia while it was little changed in the remaining provinces.

More people worked in construction; finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing; public administration; and agriculture. At the same time, employment fell in information, culture and recreation; and business, building and other support services.

Employment increased for private sector employees while the number of public sector employees was little changed. The number of self-employed workers decreased.

Employment increased for the core age population (aged 25 to 54) and held steady for the other demographic groups.

Employment up in Ontario and British Columbia

In Ontario, employment increased by 36,000, the third increase in four months. Part-time employment rose by 39,000 while full-time employment was little changed. At the same time, the unemployment rate rose 0.2 percentage points to 5.9%. On a year-over-year basis, full-time employment grew by 103,000 and part-time employment was little changed.

The level of part-time employment observed in September 2018 is consistent with typical seasonal patterns. On a seasonally unadjusted basis, declines in part-time employment usually observed in July occurred this year in August, resulting in offsetting movements in seasonally adjusted estimates for these months. Further analysis will be undertaken to identify the labour market conditions contributing to these trends.

Employment in British Columbia increased by 33,000, driven by gains in full-time work (+26,000). In the third quarter, employment increased by 54,000, following a decline over the first half of 2018. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment rose by 43,000 (+1.7%). After increasing 0.7 percentage points over the first eight months of 2018, the unemployment rate fell 1.1 percentage points to 4.2% in September.

In Quebec, employment was little changed as declines in full-time work (-41,000) offset gains in part-time work (+33,000). The unemployment rate decreased 0.3 percentage points to 5.3%. On a year-over-year basis, employment was little changed.

Quarterly update for the territories

The Labour Force Survey collects labour market data in the territories, produced in the form of three-month moving averages.

In the third quarter, employment in Nunavut increased by an estimated 500 compared with the second quarter. The unemployment rate was little changed.

In Yukon, employment fell by an estimated 400 in the third quarter compared with the second quarter. The unemployment rate increased 0.9 percentage points to 3.2% and the employment rate fell 1.6 percentage points to 71.5%.

Employment in the Northwest Territories increased by an estimated 900 in the third quarter compared with the second quarter. The unemployment rate fell by 3.9 percentage points to 4.7% as fewer people searched for work.

Industry perspective

In construction, employment rose by 28,000 in September, offsetting declines in the previous two months. Compared with September 2017, employment rose by 34,000 (+2.4%).

In finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing, employment increased by 13,000, driven by gains in Ontario and Alberta. On a year-over-year basis, employment was little changed.

Employment rose by 12,000 in public administration. Compared with a year earlier, employment increased by 20,000 (+2.1%) at the national level.

There were 9,000 more people working in agriculture in September, following a downward trend from May to August. On a year-over-year basis, employment was little changed.

In information, culture and recreation, employment decreased by 17,000, driven by declines in Quebec. In the 12 months to September, the number of workers in this industry was little changed at the national level.

There were 10,000 fewer people working in business, building and other support services. On a year-over-year basis, employment was little changed.

Employment rose by 96,000 among private sector employees in September, the first increase since November 2017. The number of public sector employees was little changed compared with August 2018. On a year-over-year basis, employment increased for both private (+147,000 or +1.2%) and public (+79,000 or +2.1%) sector employees.

The number of self-employed workers fell by 35,000 in the month. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment among self-employed workers was little changed.

Core-aged workers drive employment gains

Employment for people in the core-aged group (25 to 54) rose by 54,000 in September, driven by increases in part-time work (+46,000). Employment gains were recorded among both core-aged men (+34,000) and women (+20,000). The unemployment rate fell by 0.2 percentage points, to 5.1% for men and 5.0% for women. On a year-over-year basis, employment in this age group rose for both men (+80,000 or +1.3%) and women (+80,000 or +1.4%).

The number of workers aged 55 and over was little changed in September following a decline in August. Their unemployment rate was little changed at 5.2%. Compared with September 2017, employment was up by 52,000 (+1.3%), with full-time employment increasing by 82,000 and part-time employment declining by 31,000.

Employment for youth aged 15 to 24 was little changed as increases in part-time work (+38,000) were more than offset by decreases in full-time work (-44,000). Their unemployment rate was 11.0%. On a year-over-year basis, employment was little changed.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181005/dq181005a-eng.htm

Job Vacancies

Second quarter 2018

There were 547,300 job vacancies in Canada in the second quarter, up 87,100 (+18.9%) from the second quarter of 2017. Most of the increase was for full-time job vacancies (+74,800 or +23.2%). At the same time, the job vacancy rate rose 0.5 percentage points to 3.4%, the highest national job vacancy rate since the beginning of the series in 2015. This continues a series of year-over-year increases in both the number of vacancies and the job vacancy rate that began in the fourth quarter of 2016.

The job vacancy rate represents the number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of labour demand; that is, the sum of all occupied and vacant jobs.

The number of job vacancies in Canada (unadjusted for seasonality) was up 18.4% from the first to the second quarter of 2018. By comparison, vacancies rose 18.8% from the first to the second quarter of 2017, and 19.1% from the first to the second quarter of 2016. This is consistent with the seasonal pattern observed during this period in the unadjusted employment data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours.

Largest job vacancy increases in Quebec and British Columbia

Both the number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rate increased in nine provinces in the second quarter, led by Quebec and British Columbia. The job vacancy rate reached its highest level since the beginning of the series in six provinces—Prince Edward Island, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba. At the same time, there was little change in the number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rate in Saskatchewan and the territories.

The number of job vacancies was up 32,600 (+38.9%) in Quebec compared with the second quarter of 2017, the eighth consecutive quarter with a year-over-year rise in the number of job vacancies in the province. Almost all sectors recorded increases, with health care and social assistance (+5,100 or +60.3%) and manufacturing (+5,100 or +44.0%) contributing the most to the rise. At the same time, the job vacancy rate increased 0.8 percentage points to 3.2%.

Employers in British Columbia reported 19,900 (+23.2%) more job vacancies compared with the second quarter of 2017, driven by increases in accommodation and food services (+3,900 or +24.9%), construction (+3,700 or +45.8%) and retail trade (+2,900 or +28.5%). Over the same period, the job vacancy rate rose 0.7 percentage points to 4.7%, tied with Prince Edward Island for the highest rate among the provinces in the quarter.

There were 19,700 (+10.6%) more job vacancies in Ontario than in the same quarter one year earlier. Health care and social assistance (+7,800 or +46.0%) and administrative and support services (+4,500 or +27.7%) contributed the most to the increase. At the same time, the number of job vacancies declined notably in accommodation and food services (-3,500 or -13.8%) and finance and insurance (-1,400 or -11.3%). From the second quarter of 2017 to the second quarter of 2018, the job vacancy rate rose 0.3 percentage points to 3.3% in Ontario.

Job vacancies were up 9,000 (+17.7%) in Alberta in the second quarter, led by health care and social assistance (+2,500 or +67.6%) and transportation and warehousing (+2,200 or +103.8%). The job vacancy rate rose 0.4 percentage points to 3.0%, the sixth consecutive quarter with a year-over-year increase in the job vacancy rate.

Among the smaller provinces, New Brunswick reported 1,800 (+20.8%) more job vacancies in the second quarter, due entirely to gains in full-time job vacancies. The increase was driven by accommodation and food services (+700 or +71.4%) and manufacturing (+400 or +23.6%). Over the same period, the job vacancy rate in the province increased 0.6 percentage points to 3.6%. According to the LFS, the unemployment rate in New Brunswick decreased 0.6 percentage points to 7.6% from the second quarter of 2017 to the second quarter of 2018.

The number of job vacancies was up 600 (+28.5%) in Prince Edward Island and the job vacancy rate in the province increased one percentage point to 4.7%. Along with British Columbia, this was the highest job vacancy rate among the provinces for the quarter.

Focus on economic regions

Economic region data highlight the diversity of regional labour markets across Canada.

In the second quarter, 46 of the 69 economic regions recorded year-over-year growth in job vacancies, led by Capitale-Nationale, Quebec (+65.0% or +5,100), Camrose–Drumheller, Alberta (+62.2% or +1,100) and Estrie, Quebec (+54.6% or +1,600). In both Capitale-Nationale and Estrie, the increase was driven by sales and service occupations as well as occupations in trade, transport and equipment operators. The growth in Camrose–Drumheller was driven by occupations in trades, transport and equipment operators. In the same quarter last year, 43 economic regions recorded year-over-year growth in job vacancies.

In contrast, the number of job vacancies fell in two economic regions over the same period. The decline in Annapolis Valley, Nova Scotia (-25.3% or -400) was driven by sales and service occupations. The number of job vacancies also decreased in Southeast, Manitoba (-20.6% or -200).

Full-time and part-time job vacancies

In the second quarter, 32 economic regions had a higher proportion of full-time job vacancies than the national average (72.5%). Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec, Quebec had the highest proportion of full-time job vacancies (86.6%), followed by Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River, Alberta (84.8%), Chaudière–Appalaches, Quebec (83.5%) and Northeast, British Columbia (82.7%).

Meanwhile, the lowest proportion of full-time job vacancies was in Southwest, Manitoba (54.7%), followed by Camrose–Drumheller, Alberta (55.9%) and Kingston–Pembroke, Ontario (56.5%).

Level of education sought

The national average proportion of job vacancies for which the minimum level of education sought was post-secondary below the bachelor's level (such as a college, CEGEP, apprenticeship or trade certificate or diploma) was 21.7% in the second quarter. However, it was 36.6% in Southwest, Manitoba, the highest among all economic regions, followed by North Coast and Nechako, British Columbia (34.4%), Centre-du-Québec, Quebec (32.0%) and Mauricie, Quebec (31.6%).

In the second quarter, the proportion of job vacancies for which the level of education sought was a university certificate or diploma at the bachelor's level or above was 14.2% in Canada. It was the highest in Montréal, Quebec (25.1%), followed by Toronto, Ontario (23.3%) and Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland and Labrador (21.1%).

Average offered hourly wage

The highest average offered hourly wage for vacancies in the second quarter was in Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake, Alberta ($28.65), followed by Northeast, British Columbia ($26.75), Nunavut ($26.20) and Toronto ($23.50). According to the wage component of the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey, Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake was also the economic region with the highest hourly wage paid to full-time employees in both 2016 and 2017.

Meanwhile, the lowest average hourly wage for vacancies was in Prince Edward Island ($14.40), Annapolis Valley, Nova Scotia ($14.95), Moncton–Richibucto, New Brunswick ($15.40) and Cape Breton, Nova Scotia ($15.70). Of the economic regions with the lowest average offered hourly wage for vacancies, most were in the Maritimes.

Increases in job vacancies across most broad occupational categories

Job vacancies were up in 8 of the 10 broad occupational categories in the second quarter, with the largest increase in trades, transport and equipment operators, followed by sales and service occupations. Over the same period, the number of vacancies declined in art, culture, recreation and sport occupations and was little changed in management occupations.

Job vacancies in trades, transport and equipment operators grew by 29,100 (+39.7%) on a year-over-year basis. Full-time job vacancies accounted for 94.7% of the rise. Increases were observed in many of the more detailed occupational groups within this broad category, mainly motor vehicle and transit drivers (+8,500 or +48.0%) and trade helpers and labourers (+3,800 or +39.1%). Job vacancies in trades, transport and equipment operators were up in nine provinces, led by British Columbia and Quebec.

There were 21,300 (+12.8%) more job vacancies in sales and service occupations compared with the second quarter of 2017, with the rise concentrated in Quebec and British Columbia. Full-time job vacancies accounted for 86.6% of the increase. Notable rises in vacancies were observed for retail salespersons (+6,400 or +29.4%) and food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations (+4,100 or +14.2%). At the same time, a notable decline in vacancies for cashiers (-3,000 or -33.7%) moderated the overall increase in this broad occupational group.

The average offered hourly wage for vacant positions in sales and service occupations was up 9.2% to $14.80. Among the provinces, the highest average hourly wage growth rate for this broad occupational group was in Ontario (+16.7% to $15.70). This increase coincided with a notable rise in Ontario's minimum wage at the beginning of 2018.

In contrast, job vacancies were down 2,200 (-15.4%) in art, culture, recreation and sport occupations. This was the first year-over-year decline in job vacancies for this broad occupational group since the second quarter of 2016. The decrease was mostly attributable to fewer vacancies for athletes, coaches, referees and related occupations in Ontario.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181011/dq181011a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

August 2018

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $1,006 in August, up 0.6% from July. Compared with August 2017, earnings rose 2.9%.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.8 hours per week in August, unchanged from both the previous month and 12 months earlier.

Average weekly earnings by sector

Average weekly earnings rose in 6 of the 10 largest industrial sectors compared with August 2017, led by retail trade. Earnings were little changed in manufacturing, educational services, health care and social assistance, as well as administrative and support services.

Average weekly earnings in retail trade were up 9.7% to $613 in the 12 months to August. Earnings growth was spread across multiple subsectors, including food and beverage stores, general merchandise stores, and building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers. Most of the growth was observed from August 2017 to March 2018.

In professional, scientific and technical services, earnings grew 6.5% to $1,401 on a year-over-year basis. Earnings growth in this sector was primarily driven by the high-paying computer systems design and related services industry. Average weekly earnings in this sector were at a relative low point in August 2017. Earnings have trended up in this sector since May.

In the 12 months to August, earnings in accommodation and food services increased 5.3% to $408. Most of the earnings growth can be attributed to the full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places industry. Provincially, Ontario and Alberta contributed the most to the gains in this sector.

On a year-over-year basis, average weekly earnings in construction were up 5.2% to $1,275. The specialty trade contactors subsector contributed the most to the earnings increase in the sector. Earnings growth can be largely traced to Ontario and British Columbia.

Payroll employees in public administration saw average weekly earnings rise 2.7% to $1,309. Earnings growth in this sector was driven by federal public administration, as well as provincial and territorial public administration.

In wholesale trade, earnings increased 1.8% to $1,229. Notable earnings growth was observed in the business-to-business electronic markets, and agents and brokers, as well as in the food, beverage and tobacco wholesaler subsectors. Quebec was largely responsible for earnings growth in the sector.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to August, earnings growth was observed across most provinces, led by British Columbia. Concurrently, average weekly earnings were little changed in Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador.

In British Columbia, average weekly earnings grew 4.1% to $981. Gains in construction and professional, scientific and technical services contributed the most to the increase. Earnings in the province have been on an upward trend since May.

For payroll employees in Manitoba, average weekly earnings were up 3.8% to $950. Gains in the province were led by a marked earnings increase in the information and cultural industries sector, which was at a relatively low point in August 2017. Earnings in the province have trended upward since November 2017.

In the 12 months to August, earnings in Prince Edward Island increased 3.7% to an average of $848 per week. Notable earnings growth was observed in administrative and support services, and in retail trade.

Average weekly earnings rose 3.1% to $923 in New Brunswick. Year-over-year earnings increases were led by real estate and rental and leasing.

On a year-over-year basis, average weekly earnings in Alberta increased 3.0% to $1,168. Notable earnings growth was observed in several sectors, including educational services, professional, scientific and technical services, and retail trade.

In Ontario, earnings grew 3.0% to $1,021, with professional, scientific and technical services, as well as retail trade contributing the most to the rise.

Payroll employees in Quebec saw their earnings rise 2.5% to $936 in the 12 months to August, with the largest gains in wholesale trade.

Average weekly earnings in Nova Scotia increased 1.1% to $878, mainly due to earnings growth in professional, scientific and technical services, and in retail trade.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The number of non-farm payroll employees was up 24,600 from July. The increase in payroll jobs was spearheaded by health care and social assistance, itself driven by ambulatory health care services, and nursing and residential care facilities. The number of non-farm payroll employees also rose in several other sectors, including finance and insurance, and retail trade. Over the same period, employment declined in administrative and support services, in arts, entertainment and recreation, and in construction.

Compared with August 2017, the number of payroll employees increased by 303,100 (+1.9%). Employment grew in most sectors, led by health care and social assistance (+67,500 or +3.5%), educational services (+40,700 or +3.2%) and professional, scientific and technical services (+39,800 or +4.4%).

In contrast, the number of payroll employees decreased in five sectors over the previous 12 months, most notably in information and cultural industries (-5,700 or -1.7%), retail trade (-5,600 or -0.3%), and real estate and rental and leasing (-3,400 or -1.1%).

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181025/dq181025a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan