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Introduction

January 2018

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Labour Force Survey

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

Job Vacancies


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2008

4.3

5.0

5.9

6.2

6.3

5.8

5.0

4.5

3.6

2009

4.6

4.6

6.5

6.5

8.4

7.7

7.0

8.3

7.9

7.2

5.5

5.4

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.1

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

6.0

5.3

4.6

 

In December 2017, the unemployment rate in BC is 4.6% and 6.7% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 4.6% in December, down 0.2 percentage points from November and below the 5.8% it was 12 months ago. Compared to November, the size of the labour force was unchanged (-900), with an increase in employment (+5,600) and a drop in the number of unemployed (-6,500). Over the past twelve months, job growth (+82,800) outpaced the growth in the labour force (+53,400).

Compared to November, there were 6,200 fewer full-time and 11,800 more part-time jobs in December. The loss in full-time jobs was mostly felt by the 15 to 24 age group (-14,200), while the 25 to 54 age group saw a gain (+8,100) in full-time work.

Part-time employment increased for those aged 15 to 24 (+9,500) and 25 to 54 (+4.7), while the 55 and over group had fewer part-time jobs (-2,400).

In December, employment in both the public sector (+4,300) and the private sector (+5,100) was up, while the number of self-employed individuals (-3,800) declined.

Gender

In December, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) grew by 7,100 jobs, while the labour force increased by 6,900. As a result, the unemployment rate was 4.3%, down from 4.4% for the previous month.

For women (aged 25 years and over), 3,200 jobs were added in December. The labour force increased by 1,200, resulting in the unemployment rate dropping 0.2 percentage points to 3.9%.

Compared to December 2016, the unemployment rate for men was down by 1.3 percentage points to 4.3%, and for women it was down by 1.1 percentage points to 3.9%. Jobs for men increased by 39,300 (+3.6%) compared to a year ago, and for women employment climbed by 28,100 (+2.8%).

Youth Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years fell to 6.9% in December, down 0.9 percentage points from the previous month. Employment decreased by 4,700 jobs, while 9,000 individuals left the labour force. The addition of 9,500 part-time positions could not offset the loss of 14,200 full-time jobs. Compared to December 2016, the unemployment rate for youth declined by 1.8 percentage points to 6.9%.

Industry

Employment in the goods-producing sector was down (‑4,100 or ‑0.8%) overall in December. Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas added 2,200 (+4.6%) positions. Conversely, there were employment losses in agriculture (‑2,900 or ‑10.7%), manufacturing (‑1,600 or ‑0.9%), and construction (‑1,200 or ‑0.5%). In the twelve months to December, the goods-producing sector added 23,100 (+4.9%) jobs.

In December there were 9,800 (+0.5%) more jobs in the services-producing sector over the previous month. Health care and social assistance (+6,200 or +2.0%) posted the largest increase, followed by professional, scientific, and technical services (+3,400 or +1.7%), finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (+2,500 or +1.6%), public administration (+2,300 or +2.4%), and accommodation and food services (+2,200 or +1.2%). Employment shrank in information, culture, and recreation (‑3,000 or ‑2.2%), wholesale and retail trade (‑2,600 or ‑0.7%), and other services (‑2,600 or ‑2.2%). Since December 2016, the services-producing sector has added 59,800 (+3.1%) positions.

Visit the Labour Market Statistics page for detailed data tables and other resources.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

The number of people receiving employment insurance (EI) benefits in British Columbia increased by 440 (+0.9%) in November compared to October, to reach 47,020 individuals. The increase was due to a rise in the number of male recipients (+550 persons or +2.0%) offsetting a decline in the number of female recipients (‑100 persons or ‑0.5%).

The number of EI claims (an indicator of the number of future EI recipients) fell by 1.4% in November compared to October. Claims decreased in five of the provinces, led by Ontario (‑7.9%) and Prince Edward Island (‑2.9%).

Nationally, the number of EI beneficiaries decreased in November, with 3,480 fewer people collecting EI, a 0.7% contraction compared to October. The number of both women (‑0.8%) and men (‑0.6%) receiving EI was down for the month. The number of EI claims went down by 1.6% in November to reach 228,320.

Data Source: Statistics Canada
BC Stats Infoline

November 2017

Regular Employment Insurance (EI) beneficiaries totalled 506,700 in November, down slightly from the previous month (-3,500 or -0.7%).

The number of beneficiaries in November fell in Ontario (-3.8%) and Quebec (-2.5%), while it rose in Manitoba (+4.0%), Saskatchewan (+4.0%), Newfoundland and Labrador (+2.4%), Alberta (+1.8%) and Nova Scotia (+1.4%). At the same time, there was a slight increase in British Columbia (+0.9%) and little change in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

In general, variations in the number of beneficiaries can reflect changes in the circumstances in a number of different groups, including those becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those exhausting their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

Compared with November 2016, the number of people receiving benefits fell by 70,100 or 12.2%. Nearly half of this decrease was attributable to Alberta. Following the EI policy changes that came into effect in July 2016, the number of beneficiaries in Canada was unusually high for the latter half of 2016.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

The number of regular EI beneficiaries in Ontario fell by 3.8% to 128,300 in November, its lowest level since July 2001. Compared with November 2016, the number of beneficiaries in Ontario fell by 7.5%, coinciding with an upward trend in employment and in line with data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS).

The number of beneficiaries in Quebec declined for a fourth consecutive month in November, down 2.5% to 122,000—the lowest level since January 1997, when comparable data became available. The decline was spread across the province. In the 12 months to November, the number of beneficiaries in Quebec fell by 10.1%. As in Ontario, the downward trend in the province's beneficiaries has been consistent with LFS data showing higher employment combined with a falling unemployment rate.

In Manitoba, 15,900 people received benefits in November, up 4.0% from October. Compared with November 2016, the number of beneficiaries in Manitoba was little changed.

The number of EI beneficiaries in Saskatchewan rose by 4.0% in November to 18,400, with the increase spread across the province. On a year-over-year basis, there were 10.0% fewer EI recipients in the province.

In Newfoundland and Labrador, 39,400 people received EI benefits in November, up 2.4% from the previous month. Compared with November 2016, the number of recipients in the province rose by 3.6%.

Alberta had 63,500 EI recipients in November, up 1.8% from October. This was the first increase following 12 consecutive monthly declines. In the 12 months to November, the number of beneficiaries in Alberta fell by 36.0%, the fastest decline among the provinces. Over the same period, the province's unemployment rate fell from 9.0% to 7.3%.

The number of EI recipients in Nova Scotia totalled 28,300 in November, up 1.4% from October. On a year-over-year basis, the number of beneficiaries in the province was down 1.3%.

In British Columbia, 47,000 people received benefits in November, up slightly (+0.9%) from October. In the 12 months to November, the number of beneficiaries in the province was down 16.5%. Over the same period, British Columbia saw its unemployment rate fall from 6.1% to 4.8%, the lowest rate among the provinces.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

In the 12 months to November, the number of regular EI beneficiaries fell in 9 of the 10 broad occupational groups. The declines ranged from 3.2% in art, culture, recreation and sport, to 21.6% in natural and applied sciences. A downward trend has been observed since the summer of 2017 for those whose last job was in art, culture, recreation and sport, and since the autumn of 2016 for beneficiaries who had last worked in natural and applied sciences.

Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services were the only group with an increase in beneficiaries in the 12 months to November (+3.6%).

Employment Insurance beneficiaries in major demographic groups

Fewer young (15 to 24) and core-aged (25 to 54) men received regular EI benefits in November (-1.8% and -1.0%, respectively). The number of beneficiaries was also down for women aged 25 to 54 (-1.4%). There was little change in the other groups.

In the 12 months to November, all major demographic groups had fewer beneficiaries, with the declines ranging from 3.3% for women aged 55 and older to 16.0% for core-aged men. The majority of the decrease for core-aged male beneficiaries was accounted for by Alberta and, to a lesser extent, Ontario and Quebec. The unemployment rate for core-aged men fell the most in Alberta, dropping from 8.8% to 5.7% over the 12-month period.

Employment Insurance claims

EI claims totalled 228,300 in November, down 1.6% from October. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

Claims fell in five provinces, led by Ontario (-7.9%) and followed by Prince Edward Island (-2.9%), Nova Scotia (-1.9%), British Columbia (-1.4%) and New Brunswick (-1.3%). At the same time, claims increased in the remaining provinces, led by Saskatchewan (+7.2%) and Alberta (+6.3%). Smaller increases were recorded in Manitoba (+2.1%), Newfoundland and Labrador (+1.6%) and Quebec (+1.0%).

In the 12 months to November, EI claims in Canada fell by 1.8%. This year-over-year decline was attributable to Alberta, British Columbia, Quebec and Ontario.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/180118/dq180118a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

December 2017

Employment increased for a third consecutive month, up 79,000 in December. The unemployment rate continued on a downward trend, decreasing by 0.2 percentage points to 5.7%, the lowest since comparable data became available in January 1976.

The employment increase in December was concentrated in part-time work, which rose by 55,000.

The additional employment in December builds on growth observed in October and November. This boosted gains for the fourth quarter to 193,000 or 1.0%, the most robust rate of quarterly growth since the second quarter of 2010.

In the 12 months to December 2017, employment was up 423,000 (+2.3%), with nearly all the gains in full-time work (+394,000 or +2.7%). Over the same period, total hours worked grew 3.1%.

The unemployment rate followed a downward trend in the 12 months to December, falling 1.2 percentage points over this period. A year-end review is presented in a separate section below.

Highlights

In December, employment increased for men and women aged 25 to 54 as well as for people aged 55 and over. There was little overall change for youth aged 15 to 24.

The largest employment gains in December were observed in Quebec and Alberta, while there were smaller increases in Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

There were more people working in the services-producing sector, led by finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing. Employment also increased in "other services", educational services, and transportation and warehousing.

In the goods-producing sector, there were more people employed in natural resources.

Employment gains in December were observed among self-employed workers and public sector employees. The number of private sector employees held steady.

More core-aged and older workers

In December, employment increased by 52,000 among core-aged people (25 to 54), with gains of 33,000 for men and 19,000 for women.

The added employment for core-aged men lowered their unemployment rate by 0.2 percentage points to 4.8%—the lowest rate since April 1981. For women in the same age group, the unemployment rate was little changed, also at 4.8%, as the increase in their employment was matched by an additional number of core-aged women participating in the labour market.

In December, there were 33,000 more workers aged 55 and over, including 18,000 men and 15,000 women. The unemployment rate was little changed for this age group: 6.1% for men and 4.5% for women.

Employment for youth aged 15 to 24 held steady in December, following two consecutive monthly gains. An increase in part-time employment (+31,000) was offset by a decline in full-time work (-37,000). Despite little overall employment change in December, the youth unemployment rate fell 0.5 percentage points to 10.3% as fewer youths searched for work.

Quebec and Alberta leading employment growth

Employment in Quebec grew for a third consecutive month, up 27,000 in December. With more people employed and fewer searching for work, the unemployment rate fell by 0.5 percentage points to 4.9%, continuing a notable downward trend that began at the start of 2016.

In Alberta, employment increased by 26,000, mostly in full-time work. The unemployment rate fell by 0.4 percentage points to 6.9%. Employment gains were observed in a number of industries, led by accommodation and food services, and by natural resources.

In December, employment rose by 5,900 in Nova Scotia, the first significant increase since March 2017. The additional employment lowered the unemployment rate in the province by 0.8 percentage points to 8.0%.

In Saskatchewan, employment increased by 5,000, all in part-time work. This is the first notable employment increase in the province since February 2017. As more people searched for work, the unemployment rate increased by 0.4 percentage points to 6.4%.

Following a decline in November, employment in New Brunswick increased by 4,200 in December. The unemployment rate fell by 0.5 percentage points to 7.8%.

In Prince Edward Island, there were 900 additional people working in December, a second consecutive monthly increase. The unemployment rate for the province increased by 1.0 percentage point in December to 9.8%, the result of more Prince Edward Islanders searching for work.

In Ontario, employment was little changed in December, after a notable increase the previous month. The unemployment rate in the province remained at 5.5%.

Employment gains in a number of industries

In December, 25,000 more people were employed in finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing, following three months of little change.

Employment was up by 13,000 in the "other services" industry in December. "Other services" include services such as those related to civic and professional organizations, and personal and laundry services.

In educational services, employment rose by 11,000 in December, a second consecutive monthly increase.

In December, 9,500 additional people worked in transportation and warehousing, the first notable employment increase in the industry since the summer of 2017.

Employment in natural resources rose by 5,800 in December.

The number of self-employed workers increased by 28,000 in December. At the same time, public sector employment rose by 22,000, while the number of private sector employees was stable.

Quarterly update for the territories

The Labour Force Survey collects labour market data in the territories, produced in the form of three-month moving averages.

In the fourth quarter, employment in Yukon rose by an estimated 500 people compared with the third quarter, and the unemployment rate was relatively unchanged at 3.6%.

In the Northwest Territories, employment in the fourth quarter was unchanged from the previous quarter. Over the same period, the unemployment rate remained at 7.0%.

Employment in Nunavut held steady in the fourth quarter, while the unemployment rate decreased to 12.1%.

Year-end review, 2017

The following analysis focuses on changes from December 2016 to December 2017.

In 2017, employment increased by 423,000 (+2.3%), the fastest December-to-December growth rate since 2002. In comparison, employment grew by 229,000 (+1.3%) in 2016.

Full-time employment followed an upward trend in 2017, increasing by 394,000 (+2.7%), while part-time employment held relatively steady.

In the 12 months to December, the unemployment rate fell by 1.2 percentage points to 5.7%, the lowest since comparable data became available in January 1976.

Provincial perspective

In Ontario, employment grew 2.5% (+176,000) in 2017, just over double the growth rate recorded in each of the previous two years. Full-time employment accounted for nearly all of the employment gains in 2017. There were more workers in a number of industries, led by wholesale and retail trade; manufacturing; professional, scientific and technical services; and transportation and warehousing. The unemployment rate in the province fell by 0.9 percentage points in 2017 to cap the year at 5.5%.

In 2017, employment in Quebec rose 2.1% (+87,000), slightly below the 2.3% national growth rate. Gains in full-time work accounted for nearly all of the employment growth in the province and coincided with a 1.6 percentage point decrease in the unemployment rate. The unemployment rate has been on a two-year downward trend, falling to 4.9% at the end of 2017, the lowest since comparable data became available in January 1976.

In 2017, British Columbia closed out the year with an employment growth rate of 3.4% (+83,000), similar to that of 2016. The gains in 2017 were almost all in full-time work, and were mainly in health care and social assistance; construction; and finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing. In the 12 months to December, the unemployment rate in British Columbia fell by 1.2 percentage points to 4.6%, the lowest among all provinces.

Following a slide in employment from the autumn of 2015 to the summer of 2016, the labour market in Alberta added workers in 2017, with a growth rate of 2.4% (+55,000), the best performance since 2014. The employment gains were attributable to manufacturing; wholesale and retail trade; natural resources; finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing; and transportation and warehousing. The unemployment rate fell from 8.5% at the end of 2016 to 6.9% at the end of 2017.

In Manitoba, employment grew by 2.1% (+13,000) in 2017, slightly below the national growth rate. This follows relatively stable levels of employment over the previous two years. The gains in 2017 were mainly in full-time work. The unemployment rate in the province fell by 0.6 percentage points to 5.7% at the end of 2017.

In 2017, employment rose by 6,300 in Nova Scotia, all in full-time work. The unemployment rate was little changed, closing the year at 8.0%.

Following little change in 2016, employment in Prince Edward Island rose 3.9% (+2,800) in 2017, with all of the gains in full-time work. The unemployment rate for the province ended the year at 9.8%.

In New Brunswick, employment was little changed in 2017. However, the unemployment rate fell by 1.5 percentage points to 7.8%, the result of fewer people participating in the labour force.

In 2017, there was little change in both employment and the unemployment rate in Newfoundland and Labrador, as well as in Saskatchewan.

Focus on industries

In the 12 months to December, employment increased by 3.5% in the goods-producing sector and by 2.0% in the services-producing sector.

In the goods-producing sector, employment grew in manufacturing (+5.1% or +86,000), natural resources (+4.6% or +15,000) and construction (+3.6% or +51,000). Employment increases in natural resources in 2017 followed heavy losses recorded over the previous two years (-6.4% in 2015 and -7.3% in 2016).

In the services-producing sector, employment grew in a number of industries, led by transportation and warehousing (+6.3% or +57,000); finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (+4.6% or +53,000); and professional, scientific and technical services (+3.8% or +53,000). Smaller growth rates were recorded in wholesale and retail trade (+2.9%); educational services (+2.1%); and health care and social assistance (+1.3%).

More workers aged 55 and over

In the 12 months to December, the number of employed people aged 55 and over increased 5.3% (+203,000), exceeding the rate of population growth for this group (+2.9% or +311,000).

For women aged 55 and over, employment rose 6.3% (+110,000) in 2017, while their population increased 2.8% (+157,000). The participation rate for this group rose by 0.9 percentage points to 33.5%, and the unemployment rate fell 0.7 percentage points to 4.5% at the end of 2017.

Among men aged 55 and over, employment grew 4.5% (+93,000) in 2017, and the population increased 3.0% (+154,000). Their unemployment rate fell 0.9 percentage points to 6.1%. The participation rate for men in this age group was little changed at 43.9% at the end of 2017.

Among workers aged 55 and over, 8 out of 10 are between the ages of 55 and 64. The estimated year-over-year rate of employment growth in 2017 (unadjusted for seasonality) for this group was 5.4%, while the rate of their population growth was 2.0%.

In comparison, people aged 65 and over comprise a smaller share of older workers, but their proportion has been increasing over the past decade. This group had the fastest year-over-year rate of employment growth among the major demographic groups in December, rising 7.8% and outpacing its rate of population growth (+3.7%).

For people aged 25 to 54, employment increased 1.6% (+186,000) in 2017, while their population rose 0.3% (+50,000).

Employment rose 1.7% (+107,000) among men aged 25 to 54, and their unemployment rate fell by 1.4 percentage points to 4.8%. The participation rate for this group was unchanged at 90.9%.

For women aged 25 to 54, employment increased 1.4% (+78,000) in the 12 months to December, and their unemployment rate declined 0.6 percentage points to 4.8%. Their participation rate edged up 0.3 percentage points to 82.9%.

In 2017, employment among young people aged 15 to 24 rose 1.4% (+34,000), while their population declined 0.5% (-20,000). As a result, their employment rate increased 1.1 percentage points to 57.2%. The youth unemployment rate fell by 2.3 percentage points to 10.3%, as 66,000 fewer people searched for work.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/180105/dq180105a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

Average weekly earnings of payroll employees in British Columbia (seasonally adjusted, current dollars) changed little in the month, going up by $0.69 (+0.1%) to reach $951.54 in October.

Compared to October 2016, average weekly earnings in British Columbia increased by 3.7%, ranking first among provinces. Growth was spread across all sectors, with the exception of forestry, logging and support (‑3.3%) and information and cultural industries (‑2.2%).

Nationally, average weekly earnings decreased by 0.1% compared to the previous month. Real estate and rental and leasing (‑4.8%) and arts, entertainment and recreation (‑4.1%) saw the largest decreases for the month. Compared to October 2016, earnings increased by 3.1% to reach $983.00.

Earnings across the country ranged from a high of $1,365.12 in the Northwest Territories to a low of $818.13 in Prince Edward Island. Alberta had the highest average weekly earnings among provinces in October, at $1,143.46.

Note that average weekly earnings change due to a number of factors including wage growth, changes in occupation or job experience, changes in the average work week, and changes in the number of people employed in different industries.

Source: Statistics Canada
BC Stats Infoline

November 2017

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $988 in November, increasing 0.6% from October. Compared with 12 months earlier, earnings were up 2.8%, with most of the gains having occurred since July 2017.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 33.0 hours per week in November, up from 32.8 hours in October and 32.7 hours in November 2016.

Average weekly earnings by sector

In the 12 months to November, average weekly earnings increased in 7 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by accommodation and food services, wholesale trade, and retail trade. At the same time, earnings were little changed in educational services, manufacturing, and administrative and support services.

Average weekly earnings in accommodation and food services rose 6.7% to $393, with the increase spread across the majority of provinces. Most of the year-over-year gains were the result of earnings growth from February to June 2017. Full-service restaurants and limited service eating places, as well as traveller accommodation, accounted for the majority of the increase.

In wholesale trade, average weekly earnings were up 6.5% to $1,230. Wholesalers of machinery, equipment and supplies contributed the most to the rise, with wholesalers of food, beverage and tobacco also accounting for a notable share of the increase. Among the provinces, notable gains in the sector were observed in Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia.

Earnings in retail trade rose 5.2% to an average of $575 per week, mainly due to growth in Ontario and Quebec. Part of the increase was the result of earnings being at a relatively low point in November 2016. Health and personal care stores, motor vehicle and parts dealers, and clothing and clothing accessories stores made the largest contributions to the increase. Average weekly earnings in the sector have been trending upward since July 2017.

Average weekly earnings in public administration grew 3.2% to $1,277 in the 12 months to November. The growth in earnings was driven by gains in local, municipal and regional public administration, with Ontario accounting for the bulk of the overall increase.

Among payroll employees in professional, scientific and technical services, average weekly earnings were up 3.0% to $1,354, boosted by growth in Ontario and Quebec. Accounting, tax preparation and bookkeeping services contributed the most to the year-over-year increase.

In health care and social assistance, earnings rose 2.3% to an average of $896 per week, largely due to gains in Quebec. Most of the increase in the sector was attributable to gains in ambulatory health care services, such as offices of physicians and dentists.

Average earnings in construction grew 2.1% to $1,243 per week, mainly the result of growth in Ontario. Marked increases were also observed in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Heavy and civil engineering construction made the largest contribution to year-over-year growth in the sector.

Among the smaller industrial sectors, average weekly earnings in finance and insurance were up 5.3% to $1,350, one of the largest contributors to the national year-over-year increase of 2.8%. Growth in the finance and insurance sector was primarily driven by credit intermediation and related activities. While earnings in the sector rose in five provinces, the overall increase was mainly the result of gains in Ontario.

Average weekly earnings by province

Compared with 12 months earlier, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees increased in nine provinces, led by Quebec. At the same time, earnings were little changed in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Average weekly earnings in Quebec were up 3.9% to $919. Growth was spread across the majority of sectors, with health care and social assistance; retail trade; and professional, scientific and technical services contributing the most to the rise.

For payroll employees in Nova Scotia, average weekly earnings grew 2.8% to $871. A notable increase occurred in wholesale trade, the sector which made the largest contribution to the earnings gain in the province. Construction, educational services and retail trade also accounted for a considerable share of the growth.

Earnings in New Brunswick rose 2.8% to an average of $904 per week, driven by growth in health care and social assistance, transportation and warehousing, and construction. The majority of the year-over-year increase was the result of gains which occurred after July 2017.

For payroll employees in Ontario, average weekly earnings were up 2.7% to $1,005 in the 12 months to November. The growth was spread across many sectors, with public administration, finance and insurance, wholesale trade, and retail trade contributing the most to the increase.

Average weekly earnings in Alberta were up 2.5% to $1,144. The increase was driven by earnings growth in retail trade, real estate and rental and leasing, and accommodation and food services.

In Saskatchewan, average earnings grew 2.5% to $1,015 per week. Earnings in the province were boosted by gains in a number of sectors, led by retail trade and wholesale trade.

Among payroll employees in British Columbia, average weekly earnings rose 2.2% to $948. The notable contributions of health care and social assistance, and retail trade were partly offset by a decline in administrative and support services.

In the 12 months to November, average earnings in Manitoba grew 2.0% to $916 per week. The gains were spread across many sectors, with wholesale trade and retail trade making the largest contributions to the rise. At the same time, earnings growth in the province was tempered by declines in administrative and support services, and in health care and social assistance.

In Prince Edward Island, average weekly earnings increased 1.8% to $837, with gains recorded in the majority of large sectors. After trending downward for most of 2017, earnings in the province have grown since September.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The number of non-farm payroll jobs was little changed in November. While payroll employment increased in several sectors, most notably in public administration, health care and social assistance, and construction, the gains were partly offset by declines in a smaller number of sectors, led by educational services. The decrease in educational services in November was mostly attributable to community colleges and CEGEPs, a decline which coincided with the college faculty strike in Ontario.

Compared with November 2016, payroll employment rose by 325,800 (+2.0%) in November. Increases were spread across the majority of sectors, led by health care and social assistance (+35,300 or +1.9%) and construction (+33,800 or +3.5%). Statistics Canada's other monthly survey of employment, the Labour Force Survey, showed similar employment gains overall (+2.1%), as well as in the health care and social assistance sector (+2.1%) and in construction (+3.6%).

In the November Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours, notable year-over-year growth was also recorded in manufacturing (+31,600 or +2.1%), educational services (+30,500 or +2.4%), professional, scientific and technical services (+27,800 or +3.2%) and public administration (+27,800 or +2.6%).

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/180125/dq180125b-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Job Vacancies

Third quarter 2017

Canadian businesses reported 468,000 job vacancies in the third quarter, up 62,000 (+15.1%) from the third quarter of 2016. The overall job vacancy rate increased 0.3 percentage points to 2.9% in the quarter.

The job vacancy rate represents the number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of labour demand; that is, the sum of all occupied and vacant jobs.

Vacancies for permanent positions accounted for 80.2% of all job vacancies in the third quarter, up from 78.5% the same quarter a year earlier.

This was the fourth consecutive quarter with year-over-year increases in both the number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rate. As in the second quarter of 2017, year-over-year increases in job vacancies were broadly based across the provinces, industrial sectors and occupations.

Compared with the second quarter of 2017, the number of job vacancies (unadjusted for seasonality) in Canada increased by 1.6%, while the job vacancy rate was unchanged, as payroll employment also rose. By comparison, the number of job vacancies declined between the same quarters in 2015 while it had gone up between the same quarters in 2016.

Quebec and British Columbia leading growth in job vacancies

Compared with the same quarter a year earlier, the number of job vacancies in the third quarter of 2017 increased in nine provinces, led by Quebec and British Columbia, while job vacancies fell in Newfoundland and Labrador. In the territories, vacancies rose in Yukon, while they were little changed in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Similar changes were observed for the job vacancy rate across provinces and territories.

Employers in Quebec reported 87,000 job vacancies in the third quarter, up 21,000 (+30.6%) from the same quarter a year earlier. At the same time, the job vacancy rate rose by 0.6 percentage points to 2.5%, the largest year-over-year increase for this province since the data became available in 2015. Growth in job vacancies was widespread across sectors, led by manufacturing.

According to the Labour Force Survey (LFS), employment in Quebec grew by 2.2% between the third quarter of 2016 and the third quarter of 2017. This compares with 2.0% growth nationally. At the same time, the unemployment rate fell from 7.0% to 6.0% as fewer people searched for work. Over the same period, the ratio of the number of unemployed to the number of job vacancies declined in Quebec, suggesting a relative tightening of the labour market.

In British Columbia, job vacancies continued to increase in the third quarter, rising by 16,000 (+20.2%) on a year-over-year basis. The job vacancy rate also increased to 4.2% in the third quarter, up from 3.6% the same quarter a year earlier and the highest rate in the country. The largest rise in vacancies was in transportation and warehousing, followed by accommodation and food services. British Columbia had the lowest unemployment-to-vacancy ratio among the provinces.

There were 11,000 (+6.1%) more vacancies in Ontario in the third quarter compared with the same quarter a year earlier. Over the same period, the job vacancy rate rose by 0.2 percentage points to 3.0%. Job vacancies rose notably in health care and social assistance as well as in manufacturing. In contrast, vacancies fell in professional, scientific and technical services.

The number of job vacancies in Alberta rose by 9,400 (+21.3%) in the third quarter and the job vacancy rate was up by 0.4 percentage points on a year-over-year basis to 2.7%. The number of job vacancies went up in a majority of the 20 industrial sectors, with the largest increases in construction, transportation and warehousing, as well as in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction. Job vacancies rose throughout the province, except in the economic region of Edmonton, where they were little changed.

Employers in Newfoundland and Labrador reported 500 (-12.9%) fewer vacancies in the third quarter compared with the same quarter a year earlier. At the same time, the job vacancy rate declined by 0.3 percentage points to 1.6%, the lowest rate in the country. Over the same period, the LFS showed that the unemployment rate rose from 13.0% to 15.2%. Job vacancies decreased in several sectors, including health care and social assistance.

Job vacancies rise in most broad occupational categories

In the third quarter, the number of job vacancies was up in 7 of the 10 broad occupational categories on a year-over-year basis, led by trades, transport and equipment operators, and sales and service occupations. These occupational groups were also the two largest broad occupational categories in terms of vacancies. Over the same period, job vacancies in management occupations declined while they were little changed in business, finance and administration occupations and occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport.

Job vacancies in trades, transport and equipment operators were up by 24,000 (+41.0%) year over year, with one-third of the increase reflecting more vacancies in motor vehicle and transit drivers. The above-average growth in vacancies in this broad occupational category helped raise its share of national vacancies to 17.9% in the third quarter compared with 14.6% in the third quarter of 2016.

Within sales and service occupations, the largest increase was in food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations (+20,000 or +13.5%).

Widespread increases in job vacancies across the 10 largest industrial sectors

The number of job vacancies in the third quarter rose in 9 of the 10 largest industrial sectors in terms of employment, led by transportation and warehousing, manufacturing and accommodation and food services. At the same time, job vacancies were little changed in professional, scientific and technical services.

On a year-over-year basis, transportation and warehousing was up by 9,200 (+50.0%) in the third quarter, in line with the rise of vacancies for motor vehicle and transit drivers.

Job vacancies in manufacturing rose by 8,800 (+26.4%) in the third quarter, with about half of the increase concentrated in Quebec. The increase in vacancies in manufacturing was consistent with a recent upward trend in the national real gross domestic product for this sector.

Job vacancies were up notably in accommodation and food services (+8,200 or +13.6%), and the majority of the increase was the result of a rise in vacancies in food services and drinking places. The accommodation and food services sector continued to have the highest job vacancy rate among the large sectors at 4.8%, likely reflecting relatively higher turnover.

Most of the smaller sectors (in terms of employment) also registered increases in the number of vacancies. Among these, the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector (+3,000 or +128.2%) had a marked rise, with about half of the increase concentrated in Alberta.

The average offered hourly wage is little changed

Nationally, the average offered hourly wage in the third quarter was little changed at $19.85. However, larger changes were observed across broad occupational categories, particularly in natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations, where the offered wage grew by 11.5%.

Changes in the average offered hourly wage for job vacancies can reflect a variety of factors, including wage growth and changes in the composition of job vacancies by occupation, by sector and between part- and full-time positions.

For example, the 11.5% increase of the offered wage in natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations was partly driven by the rise in the number of job vacancies for higher-paying occupations, such as mine service workers and operators in oil and gas drilling, as well as underground miners and oil and gas drillers.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/180111/dq180111a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan