jobsearchonline

Northeastern British Columbia

INFORMATION    JOBS    CAREERS



Northeastern Review

 

Introduction    Careers & Job Skills     Construction    Rig List    Archives

Introduction

February 2019

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Labour Force Survey

Average Weekly Earnings

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.1

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

6.0

5.3

4.6

2018

3.8

4.5

5.7

6.3

7.9

7.0

7.4

6.0

5.6

4.3

4.3

4.7

2019

5.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In January 2019, the unemployment rate in BC is 4.6% and 6.3% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 4.7% in January, up 0.3 percentage points from December and down 0.1 percentage points from 12 months ago. The labour force (+16,000) and the number of jobs (+8,700) increased from December. They also grew over the previous 12 months, with employment up by 61,900 and an additional 61,700 labour force participants.

In January, 22,600 part-time jobs were added while full-time jobs declined by 13,900. By age group, there were more full-time jobs for those aged 55 years and over (+5,700), and fewer jobs for those aged 25 to 54 (-14,400) and 15 to 24 (-5,300). There were gains in part-time jobs for those aged 15 to 24 (+13,000), 25 to 54 (+8,100), and 55 years and over (+1,400).

In January, employment increased in the private sector (+16,200) and the public sector (+4,600). The number of self-employed individuals declined (-12,100) compared to December.

Provincial Comparisons

At 4.7%, British Columbia’s unemployment rate was the lowest in Canada during the month of January. Quebec had the second lowest unemployment rate (5.4%), followed by Manitoba (5.5%), Saskatchewan (5.5%) and Ontario (5.7%). Alberta (6.8%) had the sixth lowest unemployment rate.

National Highlights

In Canada, employment increased by 66,800 from the previous month, while the unemployment rate rose to 5.8%. The unemployment rate was down from one year ago, when it was 5.9%.

Gender

In January, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) grew by 1,300, while the size of the labour force increased as well (+11,700). As a result, the male unemployment rate was 3.9%, up from 3.0% in December.

For women (aged 25 years and over), there were 400 fewer jobs in January while the labour force shrank by 2,900. As a result, the unemployment rate for women dropped to 4.0% from 4.2% the previous month.

Compared to January 2018, the unemployment rate for men was down by 0.7 percentage points to 3.9%, and for women it decreased 0.2 percentage points to 4.0%. Jobs for men increased by 35,000 (+3.1%) compared to a year ago, and employment for women increased by 31,500 (+3.1%).

Youth Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years was 9.1% in January, down from 9.4% the previous month. Total employment increased by 7,700, while 7,300 individuals joined the labour force. There were part-time (+13,000) employment gains, while full-time (-5,300) positions decreased.

Compared to January 2018, the unemployment rate for youth was up 2.0 percentage points to 9.1%.

Industry

Employment in the goods-producing sector was down (-18,000 or -3.5%) in January. Most of the losses were in construction (-11,200 or -4.5%), with employment decreases in forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (-4,800 or -9.3%) and manufacturing (-3,500 or -2.0%), as well. There were more jobs in the agriculture (+1,100 or +4.4%) and utilities (+500 or +4.1%) industries. In the twelve months to January, the goods-producing sector lost 20,300 (-4.0%) jobs.

In January, overall employment for the services-producing sector (+26,700 or +1.3%) increased from the previous month. Among the service industries, wholesale and retail trade (+6,900 or +1.9%) posted the largest increase, followed by transportation and warehousing (+6,400 or +4.6%), information, culture and recreation (+5,600 or +4.4%), accommodation and food services (+5,600 or +2.9%), and business, building and other support services (+5,400 or +4.9%). On the other hand, employment declined in health care and social assistance (-5,700 or -1.8%), other services, except public administration (-4,200 or -3.5%), and finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (-1,100 or -0.7%) in January. Since January 2018, the services-producing sector has added 82,200 (+4.2%) positions.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

December 2018

In December, 446,300 people received regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, up 4,600 or 1.0% from November.

The number of beneficiaries increased in six provinces: New Brunswick (+4.6%), Saskatchewan (+3.6%), Prince Edward Island (+2.6%), Alberta (+2.4%), Manitoba (+2.2%) and British Columbia (+2.0%).

On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI recipients in Canada fell by 52,700 (-10.6%), with decreases in eight provinces.

In general, variations in the number of beneficiaries can reflect changes in the circumstances of different groups, including those becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those exhausting their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

In New Brunswick, the number of EI beneficiaries rose by 4.6% to 31,600 in December, led by those who last worked in occupations in manufacturing and utilities. The census metropolitan area (CMA) of Saint John (+6.9%) saw the largest increase in EI recipients. Despite the month-over-month increase in the number of beneficiaries in New Brunswick, the number of EI recipients in the province was little changed on a year-over-year basis.

In December, the number of EI beneficiaries in Saskatchewan rose for the first time in 12 months, up 3.6% to 15,600. The largest increases were reported in the CMAs of Regina (+5.7%) and Saskatoon (+5.6%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI recipients in the province decreased by 14.1%. This coincided with a 0.8 percentage point decrease in Saskatchewan's unemployment rate from December 2017 to December 2018, according to the Labour Force Survey (LFS).

In Prince Edward Island, there were 8,300 beneficiaries in December, or 2.6% more than the previous month, with the increase spread across the province. At the same time, data from the LFS showed the unemployment rate for the province rose by 1.0 percentage point to 9.6%. Year over year, there were 2.5% fewer beneficiaries in Prince Edward Island, with most of the decrease occurring in the first half of 2018.

In December, the number of EI recipients in Alberta increased by 2.4% to 47,800, led by those who last worked in natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations. This marked the largest rise in beneficiaries in the province in two years, and may be partially linked to weaker oil prices in the fall of 2018. The largest percentage increase in the number of recipients occurred in the areas outside CMAs and census agglomerations (CAs) (+4.3%). Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of beneficiaries in Alberta decreased by 24.3%.

There were 15,700 EI recipients in Manitoba in December, an increase of 2.2%. The CMA of Winnipeg was the largest contributor to this rise, with a 2.6% increase in beneficiaries. Year over year, the number of people receiving EI benefits in the province was little changed.

In British Columbia, the number of EI recipients rose by 2.0% to 38,500 in December, led by the CAs (+4.3%). In the 12 months to December, the number of beneficiaries in the province decreased by 17.2%.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

In December, the number of EI beneficiaries rose month over month in 6 of the 10 broad occupational groups. The largest percentage increases were among those who were last employed in natural resources, agriculture and related production (+2.1%); and sales and service (+1.6%). Smaller increases were observed in natural and applied sciences and related occupations (+1.3%); manufacturing and utilities (+1.2%); art, culture, recreation and sport (+1.1%); and trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations (+1.0%). At the same time, the number of EI recipients declined for those who last worked in management (-1.2%).

Compared with December 2017, the number of beneficiaries decreased in all 10 broad occupational groups.

Employment Insurance claims

In December, the number of Employment Insurance claims edged down 0.9% to 234,500. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

Claims increased in Newfoundland and Labrador (+3.2%), Saskatchewan (+2.5%) and Quebec (+1.1%). At the same time, decreases were observed in Manitoba (-4.8%), Ontario (-3.8%), New Brunswick (-3.0%) and Nova Scotia (-1.8%). There was little change in Alberta, British Columbia and Prince Edward Island.

On a year-over-year basis, claims rose by 1.2% at the national level, with the largest increases in Newfoundland and Labrador (+15.8%) and Saskatchewan (+11.3%). Ontario (-1.0%) was the sole province where the number of claims decreased over the period.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/190221/dq190221b-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

January 2019

The number of people employed grew by 67,000 in January, mostly among youth aged 15 to 24 and in the services-producing industries. The unemployment rate increased 0.2 percentage points to 5.8% as more people looked for work.

On a year-over-year basis, total employment was up 327,000 or 1.8%, reflecting increases in both full-time (+166,000) and part-time (+162,000) work. Over the same period, total hours worked were up 1.2%.

Highlights

Employment rose in six provinces, led by Ontario and Quebec. At the same time, employment declined in Alberta and Saskatchewan, while it was little changed in British Columbia and Prince Edward Island.

The number of people working in services-producing industries increased, led by wholesale and retail trade; professional, scientific and technical services; and public administration. At the same time, the number of workers in goods-producing industries decreased, most notably in agriculture.

Overall employment gains were entirely driven by private sector employees, while the number of self-employed decreased and the number of public sector employees was little changed.

Employment increased for both young women and men aged 15 to 24, as well as for men aged 55 and over. At the same time, employment was down for women aged 55 and over.

Overall employment increase driven by Ontario

In Ontario, the number of people employed rose by 41,000 in January, the result of an increase in full-time work. At the same time, more people looked for work (+31,000), pushing the unemployment rate up 0.3 percentage points to 5.7%. In the 12 months to January, employment in the province grew by 2.4% or 170,000.

Employment was up 16,000 in Quebec in January, driven by younger workers. The unemployment rate in the province was little changed at 5.4%. In the 12 months to January, employment in Quebec rose by 0.9% or 38,000.

In Nova Scotia, employment increased by 6,100 compared with December 2018. The unemployment rate was little changed at 6.9%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in the province increased by 2.6% or 12,000, mainly the result of more full-time work.

Employment increased by 4,800 in Newfoundland and Labrador in January and the unemployment rate was little changed at 11.4%.

In Manitoba, employment was up 4,400 compared with December 2018. The unemployment rate in the province declined 0.5 percentage points to 5.5%, as fewer people looked for work.

Employment rose by 3,600 in New Brunswick, while the unemployment rate in the province was little changed at 8.2%.

In contrast, employment in Alberta declined for the second consecutive month, down 16,000 in January. Unemployment in the province was up 9,500 and the unemployment rate increased 0.4 percentage points to 6.8%. On a year-over-year basis, employment in Alberta was little changed.

In Saskatchewan, the number of employed people decreased by 2,800 and the unemployment rate was little changed at 5.5%.

Labour Force Survey in brief: Interactive app

The product "Labour Force Survey in brief: Interactive app" is now available.

This interactive visualization application provides seasonally adjusted estimates available by province, sex, age group and industry. Historical estimates going back five years are also included for monthly employment changes and unemployment rates. The interactive application allows users to quickly and easily explore and personalize the information presented. Combine multiple provinces, sexes and age groups to create your own labour market domains of interest.

Industry perspective

In January, overall employment growth was entirely driven by services-producing industries (+99,000).

Compared with December, employment in wholesale and retail trade increased by 34,000 in January, led by Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia. On a year-over-year basis, national employment was little changed in the industry.

In professional, scientific and technical services, employment rose by 29,000 in January. Most of the increase was in Quebec and Ontario. In the 12 months to January, employment at the national level in the industry increased by 5.0% or 72,000.

Employment in public administration increased by 21,000, led by gains in Ontario and Quebec. Year over year, employment in the industry was up 2.9% or 27,000.

Among the services-producing industries, only accommodation and food services saw a notable employment decline (-15,000). Compared with January 2018, employment in accommodation and food services was little changed.

Employment in the goods-producing industries decreased by 32,000 compared with December, most notably in agriculture (-8,900). On a year-over-year basis, employment in the goods-producing industries was virtually unchanged.

Employment gains entirely driven by private sector employees

In January, the number of employees increased by 112,000 in the private sector, while it was little changed in the public sector for the third consecutive month. At the same time, the number of self-employed declined by 61,000. On a trend-cycle basis, self-employment has levelled off in recent months.

On a year-over-year basis, the number of private sector employees rose by 293,000 (+2.5%), while the number of public sector employees grew by 62,000 (+1.7%). Over the same period, there was little change in the number of self-employed workers.

Employment growth led by younger workers

The number of employed youth aged 15 to 24 was up 53,000 in January, split evenly between men (+27,000) and women (+26,000). The unemployment rate was little changed for both younger women (9.6%) and younger men (12.6%). In the 12 months to January, youth employment was unchanged.

In January, employment among people aged 55 years and older was little changed, as an increase among men (+28,000) was partially offset by a decline among women (-18,000). The unemployment rate was little changed for both older women (4.7%) and older men (5.5%). On a year-over-year basis, employment for this age group increased by 2.3% or 90,000, mostly the result of gains for men (+88,000).

Canada–United States comparison

Adjusted to US concepts, the unemployment rate in Canada was 4.8% in January, compared with 4.0% in the United States. Compared with 12 months earlier, the unemployment rate was little changed in both Canada and the United States.

The labour force participation rate in Canada (adjusted to US concepts) was 65.6% in January, compared with 63.2% in the United States. On a year-over-year basis, the participation rate increased by 0.2 percentage points in Canada, while it was up 0.5 percentage points in the United States.

The US-adjusted employment rate in Canada was 62.5% in January, compared with 60.7% in the United States. On a year-over-year basis, the employment rate rose by 0.5 percentage points in the United States and 0.3 percentage points in Canada.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/190208/dq190208a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Average Weekly Earnings

In November, payroll employees in British Columbia saw their average weekly earnings climb 3.2% relative to November 2017, to $983. The increase was driven by earnings growth in the construction sector.

This was the highest rate of growth of any Canadian province, and well ahead of the national growth rate of 2.0%. Nationally, average weekly earnings were $1,012 in November.

The number of payroll employees in B.C. also grew, rising 4.2% compared to November 2017 to 2.26 million. This was an increase of just under 92,000 employees. Of that increase, the largest contributor was the Construction sector, which added just over 13,000 payroll employees. Other large contributors were Educational services (+10,500) and Health care and social assistance (+8,500).

Data Source: Statistics Canada
BC Stats Online

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

December 2018

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $1,012 in December, little changed from the previous month. Compared with 12 months earlier, earnings grew 1.8%.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.5 hours per week in December, down from 32.7 hours in November and 32.8 hours in December 2017.

Average weekly earnings by sector

In the 12 months to December, average weekly earnings were up in 7 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by accommodation and food services. Earnings were little changed in construction, public administration as well as professional, scientific and technical services.

Compared with December 2017, earnings in accommodation and food services increased 4.3% to $412, mostly due to the full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places industry. Earnings in this sector have been trending up since the spring of 2017. Year over year, Ontario and Quebec have been the main contributors to higher earnings in the sector.

In the 12 months to December, earnings in health care and social assistance grew 4.2% to $938 with increases in most subsectors. Year over year, earnings in the sector rose in five provinces (Ontario, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Alberta and British Columbia) and were little changed in the remaining five.

On a year-over-year basis, average weekly earnings in the retail trade sector rose 4.1% to $611, driven by motor vehicle and parts dealers, as well as health and personal care stores. Earnings in retail trade trended up from August 2017 to the spring of 2018, and have been relatively stable since.

Compared with December 2017, earnings in administrative and support services increased 4.0% to $835. Employment services, as well as services to buildings and dwellings contributed the most to the earnings growth in the sector. Earnings rose most notably in Alberta (+5.9%) and Ontario (+5.6%).

In wholesale trade, average weekly earnings increased 3.5% to $1,253. Earnings growth was observed in several industries, with food, beverage and tobacco wholesalers contributing the most to the rise.

For payroll employees in manufacturing, earnings were up 3.1% to $1,139, largely due to the machinery manufacturing industry. Earnings growth in the sector was driven by Quebec.

In the 12 months to December, average weekly earnings in educational services were up 1.9% to $1,060, mostly due to elementary and secondary schools.

Average weekly earnings by province

Compared with December 2017, average weekly earnings rose in seven provinces, led by Nova Scotia. At the same time, earnings declined in Saskatchewan and were little changed in Prince Edward Island and Alberta.

Average weekly earnings in Nova Scotia increased 3.3% to $890 in December, driven by health care and social assistance. Earnings in the province have been trending up since May 2018.

In the 12 months to December, average weekly earnings in New Brunswick grew 2.7% to $922, with health care and social assistance as well as professional, scientific and technical services contributing to the rise.

In British Columbia, earnings increased 2.6% to $982 in the 12 months to December. Many sectors contributed to the growth in the province, notably construction, health care and social assistance, and wholesale trade. Earnings in the province have been relatively stable in recent months, after a period of increases from May to August.

On a year-over-year basis, weekly earnings in Quebec rose 2.5% to $946. Manufacturing as well as health care and social assistance contributed the most to the rise.

Earnings for payroll employees in Ontario rose 2.1% to $1,035 in December. Health care and social assistance as well as construction were the main contributors to the rise in the province, which was tempered by a decline in finance and insurance.

For payroll employees in Manitoba, average weekly earnings were up 2.1% to $942, driven by manufacturing, transportation and warehousing, and wholesale trade. Employment grew in these three relatively high-paying sectors, contributing to higher average weekly earnings in the province.

On a year-over-year basis, weekly earnings in Newfoundland and Labrador grew 1.4%, to $1,051. Increases in educational services, manufacturing and public administration were tempered by a decline in transportation and warehousing.

Average weekly earnings in Saskatchewan decreased 1.5% to $1,018 in the 12 months to December, driven by declines in construction as well as mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction. In December 2017, earnings in Saskatchewan were at their highest point since comparable data became available in 2001.

For payroll employees in Prince Edward Island, average weekly earnings were little changed at $851. A decline from December 2017 to July 2018 was offset by growth in the months since.

In Alberta, average weekly earnings were little changed at $1,148. There were increases in many sectors including health care and social assistance, manufacturing and retail trade. This growth was offset by employment declines in the high-paying construction and mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sectors as well as declines in average weekly earnings in construction. Alberta has had the highest average weekly earnings of all the provinces since May 2005 when it surpassed Ontario.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The number of non-farm payroll employees decreased by 20,500 from November to December. The largest monthly declines were in construction, retail trade, educational services and public administration. At the same time, payroll employment increased in some sectors, led by health care and social assistance.

On a year-over-year basis, the number of payroll employees rose by 321,600 (+2.0%). Employment grew in most sectors, led by health care and social assistance (+66,900 or +3.4%), professional, scientific and technical services (+45,400 or +5.0%) and manufacturing (+44,100 or +2.9%). In contrast, declines in payroll employment were observed in information and cultural industries (-6,700 or -1.9%).

Compared with December 2017, the number of non-farm payroll employees increased in every province except Newfoundland and Labrador, where it decreased.

Average weekly hours worked

On a year-over-year basis, average weekly hours worked decreased in five provinces (Saskatchewan, Ontario, British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador and Alberta) and was little changed in the remaining five. In the 12 months to December, the average number of hours worked declined in 6 of the 10 largest industrial sectors (accommodation and food services, manufacturing, retail trade, administrative and support services, construction as well as health care and social assistance). At the same time, the number of hours worked increased in educational services.

Spotlight: Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

The mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector encompasses three subsectors: oil and gas extraction; mining and quarrying; and support activities for these two subsectors. In December 2018, half (50.0%) of the 201,100 payroll employees of this sector were in Alberta, followed by Ontario (13.3%). As a proportion of all payroll employees, the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector was most prevalent in Alberta (5.0% of all payroll employees in the province), followed by Saskatchewan (3.6%) and Newfoundland and Labrador (2.6%).

Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of payroll employees was little changed in the sector in December—despite declines in Alberta (-3.0%) and Saskatchewan (-1.6%). The decrease in employment in the oil and gas subsector (-4.3%) was offset by increases in the mining and quarrying subsector (+1.1%) as well as in support activities (+1.9%). The average number of hours worked per week decreased from 40.6 hours in December 2017 to 38.7 hours in December 2018. Average weekly earnings declined 3.6% over the same period.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/190227/dq190227b-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan