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Introduction

November 2018

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Labour Force Survey

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2009

4.6

4.6

6.5

6.5

8.4

7.7

7.0

8.3

7.9

7.2

5.5

5.4

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.1

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

6.0

5.3

4.6

2018

3.8

4.5

5.7

6.3

7.9

7.0

7.4

6.0

5.6

4.3

 

 

 

In October 2018, the unemployment rate in BC is 4.5% and 6.7% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 4.1% in October, down 0.1 percentage points from September and down 0.8 percentage points from 12 months ago. The labour force (-4,100) and the number of employed (-1,100) also declined from the previous month. Compared to 12 months ago, both employment (+48,400) and the labour force (+30,900) have increased.

In October, 12,100 part-time jobs were added and full-time jobs declined by 13,300. Full-time employment went up for persons aged 55 years and over (+7,300), while there were fewer full-time jobs for those aged 25 to 54 (-17,300) and 15 to 24 (‑3,100). Gains in part-time jobs were observed for persons 25 to 54 (+13,400) and 55 years and over (+1,300), while there were part-time job losses for those aged 15 to 24 (-2,600).

In October, employment in the private sector held steady (-200), while there were fewer employees in the public sector (-7,400). The number of self-employed individuals increased (+6,500) compared to September.

Provincial Comparisons

At 4.1%, British Columbia’s unemployment rate was the lowest in Canada during the month of October. Quebec had the second lowest unemployment rate (5.2%), followed by Ontario (5.6%) and Manitoba (6.1%). Alberta (7.3%) had the third highest unemployment rate.

Gender

In October, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) grew by 8,100, while the labour force increased slightly (+500). As a result, the unemployment rate was 3.1%, down from 3.7% for the previous month.
For women (aged 25 years and over), there were 3,400 fewer jobs in October. The labour force grew by 2,100, which resulted in the unemployment rate rising to 4.4% from 3.9% the previous month.

Compared to October 2017, the unemployment rate for men was down by 1.2 percentage points to 3.1%, and for women it was up 0.1 percentage points to 4.4%. Jobs for men increased by 29,700 (+2.7%) compared to a year ago, and employment for women increased by 24,300 (+2.4%).

Youth Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years was 6.7% in October, down from 6.8% the previous month. Total employment decreased by 5,800, while 6,700 individuals left the labour force. There were employment losses for full-time (-3,100) and part-time (-2,600) positions.

Compared to October 2017, the unemployment rate for youth was down 1.2 percentage points to 6.7%.

Industry

Employment in the goods-producing sector was down (-1,500 or -0.3%) in October. Most of the losses were felt by the manufacturing (‑2,300 or -1.3%) industry, while agriculture (-1,100 or -4.5%) and construction (‑300 or ‑0.1%) also observed decreases. There were job gains in the forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (+1,900 or +3.9%) and utilities (+200 or +1.4%) industries. In the twelve months to October, the goods-producing sector added 1,600 (+0.3%) jobs.

In October, overall employment was up slightly for the services-producing sector (+400 or +0.0%) compared to the previous month. Among the service industries, educational services (+5,100 or +3.1%) posted the largest increase, followed by wholesale and retail trade (+4,900 or +1.3%), professional, scientific and technical services (+2,100 or +1.0%), business, building and other support services (+2,000 or +2.1%) and finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (+2,000 or +1.3%). On the other hand, employment declined in health care and social assistance (-6,600 or -2.0%), accommodation and food services (-4,900 or -2.5%), and public administration (-4,400 or -4.1%) in October. Since October 2017, the services-producing sector has added 46,800 (+2.4%) positions.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

The number of regular Employment Insurance (EI) recipients in B.C. declined notably (-8.3% to 37,650, seasonally adjusted) in September. A decrease in the number of both male (-7.8%) and female (-9.0%) beneficiaries was recorded.

Nationally, the number was down a more moderate 3.1%, with 446,480 Canadians receiving regular EI benefits.

Data Source: Statistics Canada
BC Stats Infoline

September 2018

In September, 446,500 people received regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, down 14,300 (-3.1%) from August.

The number of beneficiaries declined in seven provinces, with the largest percentage declines in Alberta (-8.5%) and British Columbia (-8.3%). There were also decreases in Saskatchewan (-4.9%), Ontario (-2.3%), Quebec (-2.2%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-1.7%) and Manitoba (-1.0%). In turn, the number of beneficiaries increased in Prince Edward Island (+4.4%), while there was little change in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.

Variations in the number of beneficiaries can reflect changes in the circumstances of a number of different groups, including those becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those who have exhausted their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

In particular, some of the declines in beneficiaries coincided with the expiring of a temporary EI measure in effect for claims established from January 2015 to July 2017. The measure offered additional weeks of EI regular benefits in 15 EI economic regions that had experienced a sharp and sustained increase in unemployment. All eligible claimants were entitled to an additional five weeks of EI regular benefits and long-tenured workers were granted up to an additional 20 weeks of benefits. For more information, please visit Additional Employment Insurance regular benefits for unemployed workers in affected regions.

Compared with September 2017, the number of EI recipients in Canada was down by 67,300 (-13.1%).

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

In Alberta, there were 46,800 people receiving EI benefits in September, down 8.5% from August. This coincided with the expiring of a temporary EI measure and was the largest percentage decrease in the province since August 2016. Alberta had the largest year-over-year decrease among the provinces, as the number of recipients declined by 27.1%. According to the Labour Force Survey (LFS), the unemployment rate for the province decreased from 7.8% in September 2017 to 7.0% in September, and employment rose by 2.4%.

In British Columbia, the number of people receiving EI benefits fell by 8.3% to 37,700 in September, also coinciding with the phasing out of a temporary EI measure. This was the largest decline in both the number and percentage of recipients in the province since October 2014, and continued the downward trend that began at the end of 2016. In the 12 months to September, the number of beneficiaries in the province was down by 21.0%, as the unemployment rate decreased by 0.7 percentage points to 4.2%.

In Saskatchewan, the number of EI recipients declined by 4.9% to 15,400, continuing the downward trend that began at the start of 2018. Compared with September 2017, the number of beneficiaries fell by 13.0%.

In September, there were 116,900 people receiving EI benefits in Ontario, a decline of 2.3%. On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI recipients in Ontario fell by 10.7%.

The number of people in Quebec who received EI benefits in September decreased by 2.2% to 114,000. In the 12 months to September, the number of EI recipients in the province fell by 10.8%, coinciding with a 0.7 percentage point decrease in the unemployment rate to 5.3%.

There were 34,200 people receiving EI benefits in Newfoundland and Labrador in September, down 1.7% from August. This continued the downward trend that began at the start of 2018. Compared with September 2017, the number of beneficiaries in the province was down by 11.3%. Over the same period, the unemployment rate declined from 15.0% to 13.6%.

In September, the number of EI recipients in Manitoba declined by 1.0% to 15,500. On a year-over-year basis, there was little change in the number of recipients in the province.

In Prince Edward Island, the number of EI recipients rose by 4.4% to 8,000 in September, offsetting a decrease in August. This coincided with the beginning of the school year for students eligible for the province's Training Prince Edward Island - Career Connect program. This program, which began in April 2017, allows Prince Edward Island residents with an active EI claim to continue collecting benefits while enrolled in full-time postsecondary education. Compared with September 2017, the number of beneficiaries in the province was down by 5.1%.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of EI beneficiaries decreased in all 10 broad occupational groups. Declines were led by those who last held occupations in sales and service (-18.9%) and health (-18.9%), followed by occupations in management (-16.8%), business, finance and administration (-16.6%) and natural and applied sciences (-16.0%).

Employment Insurance claims

In September, there were 238,400 claims, virtually unchanged from August. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

The largest percentage decreases were in Ontario (-2.8%) and Quebec (-2.7%). There were also fewer claims in Newfoundland and Labrador (-2.2%) and British Columbia (-1.2%).

Claims increased in Alberta (+8.4%), Saskatchewan (+6.9%), New Brunswick (+5.3%), Manitoba (+4.3%) and Nova Scotia (+3.4%). There was little change in Prince Edward Island.

Compared with September 2017, the number of claims rose 5.4% at the national level.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181122/dq181122a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

October 2018

Employment was little changed in October. The unemployment rate decreased 0.1 percentage points to 5.8% as fewer people searched for work. Since November 2017, the unemployment rate has ranged from 5.8% to 6.0%.

In the 12 months to October, the number of employed people grew by 206,000 or 1.1%, with the bulk of the gains in full-time work (+173,000). Over the same period, total hours worked rose by 0.7%.

Highlights

Employment rose slightly in Saskatchewan, while there was little change in all other provinces.

More people were employed in business, building and other support services; wholesale and retail trade; and health care and social assistance. In contrast, there were fewer workers in "other services;" finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing; and natural resources.

There were fewer public sector employees in October, while there was little change in the number of private sector employees and the self-employed.

In October, employment increased for men in the core working ages of 25 to 54, and women aged 55 and over. On the other hand, there were fewer employed youths aged 15 to 24.

Employment up slightly in Saskatchewan and steady in all other provinces

In Saskatchewan, employment rose by 2,500 in October and the unemployment rate was 6.2%. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province was up by 9,600 (+1.7%).

While employment was little changed in Ontario, there were fewer people looking for work, lowering the unemployment rate to 5.6% (-0.3 percentage points). On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province rose by 83,000 (+1.2%), due to more full-time work.

Employment in Quebec was little changed on both a monthly and year-over-year basis. The unemployment rate was 5.2% in October, little changed from the previous month.

In British Columbia, employment held steady in October, following a notable increase the month before. At 4.1% in October, the unemployment rate was the lowest among the provinces. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province increased by 48,000 (+2.0%).

In Alberta, employment held steady and the unemployment rate was 7.3%, up 0.3 percentage points. Looking at longer term trends, total employment in the province has been increasing since the summer of 2016. Since May 2018, unemployment has risen, driven by more men looking for work.

Industry perspective

In October, employment increased by 22,000 in business, building and other support services, bringing year-over-year gains in the industry to 43,000 (+5.7%).

The number of employed people in wholesale and retail trade increased by 19,000 in October, mainly in Quebec. Despite more people working in October, employment in the industry has trended down since the start of the year to about the same level as October 2017.

Employment also increased in health care and social assistance, up 15,000 in October, contributing to year-over-year gains totalling 37,000 (+1.6%).

On the other hand, there were 17,000 fewer people working in "other services" in October, the first notable decline in six months. "Other services" includes services such as those related to civic and professional organizations; repair and maintenance; and private households. In the 12 months to October, overall employment in the industry was little changed.

Employment in finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing declined by 15,000 in October, offsetting an increase the month before. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the industry was little changed.

Employment also declined in natural resources in October (-7,100), affecting mainly Ontario and Quebec. Despite fewer people working in October, employment in the industry at the national level has trended up since the summer of 2016, with Alberta leading the increase.

In October, employment decreased by 31,000 among public sector workers, the second decline in three months. The number of private sector employees was little changed in October, following a notable increase the previous month. There was little change in the number of self-employed in October.

On a year-over-year basis, the number of private sector employees increased by 133,000 (+1.1%) and employment in the public sector rose by 55,000 (+1.5%). Over the same period, there was little change among self-employed workers.

More core-aged workers

Employment among people in the core-aged group (25 to 54) rose by 31,000 in October, led by gains among men (+18,000). The unemployment rate fell by 0.2 percentage points to 4.9% for core-aged men and was unchanged at 5.0% for core-aged women. On a year-over-year basis, employment for core-aged workers increased by 169,000 (+1.4%) with gains equally distributed between men and women.

The number of workers aged 55 and over rose by 19,000 in October, the result of more employed women in this age category. The unemployment rate for all workers aged 55 and over fell by 0.3 percentage points to 4.9%. Compared with October 2017, the number of workers aged 55 and over increased by 72,000 (+1.8%), mostly due to gains at the end of 2017.

In October, employment for youths aged 15 to 24 fell by 39,000, nearly all in part-time work. The unemployment rate for this age group was unchanged at 11.0% as fewer youths participated in the labour market (-45,000 or -1.6%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of working youths fell by 35,000 (-1.4%), mostly in Ontario.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181102/dq181102a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

September 2018

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $1,004 in September, little changed from the previous month. Compared with 12 months earlier, earnings increased 1.8%.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.5 hours per week in September, down from 32.8 hours in August and 32.7 hours in September 2017.

Average weekly earnings by sector

Compared with September 2017, average weekly earnings increased in 5 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by retail trade. At the same time, earnings decreased in manufacturing, and were little changed in administrative and support services, construction, health care and social assistance, and educational services.

In retail trade, average weekly earnings increased by 6.8% year over year to $603. The gains were spread across many subsectors, with food and beverage stores, motor vehicle and parts dealers, and general merchandise stores contributing the most to the rise. Most of the increase occurred from September 2017 to March 2018, with earnings little changed in September 2018 compared with March 2018.

For payroll employees working in professional, scientific and technical services, earnings were $1,393 in September, up 3.6% compared with September 2017. Most of the increase was the result of employment gains in the high-paying computer systems design and related services industry, as well as earnings growth in architectural, engineering and related services.

On a year-over-year basis, earnings in accommodation and food services rose 3.3% to $403, led by the full-service restaurants and limited-service eating place industry.

In wholesale trade, average weekly earnings increased by 1.7% to $1,228. Growth was mostly attributable to increases in Quebec and Ontario, but moderated by a decrease in Alberta. Nationally, the earnings increase in this sector was mostly attributable to employment gains in business-to-business electronic markets, and agents and brokers, followed by earnings gains in wholesalers of personal and household goods, and wholesalers of food, beverage and tobacco.

Payroll employees in public administration had average weekly earnings of $1,307 in September, up 1.7% from 12 months earlier. The increase was largely due to federal as well as provincial and territorial public administration, and coincided with the updating of various collective agreements.

For payroll employees in manufacturing, average weekly earnings declined 1.4% year over year to $1,090. Despite a notable increase in chemical manufacturing, declines occurred in many subsectors, with primary metal manufacturing contributing the most to the decrease. The decline in this sector was largely the result of decreases in Ontario and Newfoundland and Labrador.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to September, average weekly earnings grew across most provinces, led by Prince Edward Island and British Columbia. At the same time, earnings were little changed in Saskatchewan, Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador.

On a year-over-year basis, average weekly earnings grew 2.7% to $839 in Prince Edward Island, largely due to gains in administrative and support services.

Average weekly earnings increased by 2.7% to $978 in British Columbia, with most of the growth occurring from May to August. The largest gains were in construction and information and cultural industries.

Earnings in Manitoba were up 2.4% to $939. The increase was spread across several sectors, with information and cultural industries contributing the most to the growth.

For payroll employees in Ontario, average weekly earnings rose 2.2% to $1,025. Gains were spread across several sectors, with professional, scientific and technical services contributing the most.

In Quebec, earnings grew 2.0% to $928, with construction as the largest contributor. While growth was observed in many sectors, a decline in the high-paying utilities sector moderated the overall earnings increase.

Earnings in New Brunswick were up 1.6% to $915 in September, with most of the increase occurring from July to August. The largest gains were reported in public administration, retail trade and wholesale trade.

Payroll employees in Nova Scotia saw their earnings rise 1.1% to $879 in the 12 months to September. Retail trade was the largest contributor to the increase.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

The number of non-farm payroll employees was little changed from August to September. The largest month-over-month increases were in administrative and support services, public administration, and transportation and warehousing. At the same time, payroll employment declined the most in retail trade.

Compared with September 2017, the number of payroll employees rose by 301,400 (+1.8%). Employment increased in most sectors, led by health care and social assistance (+56,200 or +2.9%), professional, scientific and technical services (+36,300 or +4.0%) and educational services (+34,100 or +2.6%). In contrast, the largest declines were in retail trade (-8,300 or -0.4%) and information and cultural industries (-6,100 or -1.8%).

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181129/dq181129c-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan