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Introduction

August 2018

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Labour Force Survey

Average Weekly Earnings

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2009

4.6

4.6

6.5

6.5

8.4

7.7

7.0

8.3

7.9

7.2

5.5

5.4

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.1

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

6.0

5.3

4.6

2018

3.8

4.5

5.7

6.3

7.9

7.0

7.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

In July 2018, the unemployment rate in BC is 4.8% and 6.6% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 5.0% in July, down from 5.2% in June and below the 5.2% from 12 months ago. The labour force (+5,500) and the number of employed (+11,200) are up from June. Compared to 12 months ago, both employment (‑4,200) and the labour force (‑11,700) have declined.

There were 9,600 full-time jobs added in July, while there were 1,600 more part-time jobs. Full-time employment went up for persons aged 55 and older (+9,800) and 25 to 54 (+9,100), while there were fewer full-time jobs (-9,300) for those aged 15 to 24. The gains in part-time jobs were observed for the 15 to 24 (+10,600) and 25 to 54 (+4,400) age groups, while there were part-time job losses (-13,500) for those aged 55 and older.

In July, employment in the private sector was up (+2,000), while there were fewer employees in the public sector (-2,000). The number of self-employed individuals increased (+11,200) compared to June.

Provincial Comparisons

At 5.0%, British Columbia’s unemployment rate was the lowest in Canada during the month of July. Ontario had the second lowest unemployment rate (5.4%), followed by Quebec (5.6%) and Manitoba (6.0%).

Gender

In July, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) added 1,000 jobs, while the labour force increased slightly (+100). As a result, the unemployment rate was 4.7%, down from 4.8% for the previous month.

For women (aged 25 years and over), employment increased by 8,900 jobs in July. The labour force increased by 4,000, which resulted in the unemployment rate falling to 3.7% from 4.2% the previous month.

Compared to July 2017, the unemployment rate for men was up by 0.3 percentage points to 4.7%, and for women it was down 1.3 percentage points to 3.7%. Jobs for men increased by 1,500 (+0.1%) compared to a year ago, and employment for women increased by 16,200 (+1.6%).

Youth Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years was 9.4% in July, unchanged from the previous month. Total employment increased by 1,300, while 1,400 individuals joined the labour force. There were employment gains for part-time jobs (+10,600), while the number of full-time positions (-9,300) decreased.

Compared to July 2017, the unemployment rate for youth was up 1.1 percentage points to 9.4%.

Industry

Employment in the goods-producing sector was down (-4,700 or -0.9%) in July. Most of the losses were felt by the manufacturing (-3,000 or -1.7%) industry, while utilities (-1,500 or -9.8%), forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (-500 or -1.0%), and agriculture (-200 or -0.9%) also saw decreases. There were job gains in the construction (+500 or +0.2%) industry. In the twelve months to July, the goods-producing sector shed 6,000 (-1.2%) jobs.

In July, overall employment was up for the services-producing sector (+15,900 or +0.8%) compared to the previous month. Within industries, information, culture and recreation (+8,700 or +6.9%) posted the largest increase, followed by finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (+3,900 or +2.7%), professional, scientific and technical services (+3,300 or +1.6%), and educational services (+2,900 or +1.8%). Conversely, transportation and warehousing (-6,600 or -4.8%), accommodation and food services (-3,600 or -1.9%), and other services (-200 or -0.2%) all lost positions in July. Since July 2017, the services-producing sector has added 1,800 (+0.1%) positions.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

June 2018

The number of people receiving employment insurance (EI) benefits in British Columbia decreased by 200 (-0.5%) in June compared to May, to reach 40,970 individuals. The decrease was driven by a decline in female recipients (-170 persons or -1.0%), while male recipients saw a very slight drop in the month (-30 persons or -0.1%).

The decrease in beneficiaries in British Columbia was widespread across census agglomerations (-120 persons or -1.1%) and outside census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations (-140 persons or -1.5%). Among census metropolitan areas (+50 persons or 0.2%), Kelowna (-30 persons or -1.3%) and Victoria (-10 persons or -0.5%) saw fewer EI recipients in the month, more than offset by a larger number of recipients in Vancouver (+20 persons or +0.1%) and Abbotsford-Mission (+60 persons or +3.6%).

The number of EI claims in British Columbia (an indicator of the number of future EI recipients) went up by 0.5% in June compared to the previous month.

Nationally, the number of EI beneficiaries increased in June, with 3,760 more people collecting EI, a 0.8% climb compared to May. Although the number of women receiving EI declined in the month (-2,700 persons or -1.6%), it was not enough to offset the upsurge in male recipients (+6,460 persons or +2.3%). The number of EI claims went up by 3.7% in June to reach 236,200. Claims increased in all provinces, except Newfoundland and Labrador (-4.3%).

Data Source: Statistics Canada
https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/data/statistics/infoline/infoline-2018/18-148-ei

In June, 460,000 people received regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, up slightly (+3,800 or +0.8%) from May.

The number of beneficiaries rose in Quebec (+4.0%) and Nova Scotia (+2.3%), while it was relatively stable in the remaining provinces.

Compared with June 2017, the number of EI recipients in Canada declined by 71,100 (-13.4%).

In general, variations in the number of beneficiaries can reflect changes in the circumstances of a number of different groups, including those becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those exhausting their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

In Quebec, the number of people receiving benefits rose by 4.0% to 113,700 in June, entirely due to growth in the number of male beneficiaries. At the occupational level, the increase was largely attributable to those formerly employed in trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations. Despite the monthly rise in Quebec, the number of recipients fell 14.1% on a year-over-year basis, mainly due to declines from September 2017 to April 2018. The Labour Force Survey (LFS) also recorded a drop in the unemployment rate from 6.0% to 5.4% in the 12 months to June.

The number of EI recipients in Nova Scotia increased by 2.3% to 27,000 in June. According to data from the LFS, the provincial unemployment rate rose from 6.7% in April to 7.9% in June. Compared with June 2017, the number of beneficiaries declined by 2.9%.

In Ontario, the number of EI beneficiaries was virtually unchanged in June, totalling 119,500. On a year-over-year basis, the number of recipients fell by 10.6%. After trending down from April 2017, the number of beneficiaries in the province has been relatively stable since March 2018.

There were 53,200 people receiving EI benefits in Alberta in June, practically unchanged from May. In the 12 months to June, Alberta continued to have the fastest year-over-year decline among the provinces, with the number of recipients down 25.7%. Data from the LFS show the unemployment rate fell from 7.5% to 6.5% over this period.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of EI beneficiaries decreased in all 10 broad occupational groups in June. Those whose last job was in education, law and social, community and government services (-19.9%) led the declines, followed by business, finance and administration (-17.5%) and health (-16.4%). In New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario and Alberta, the number of beneficiaries fell across all broad occupational groups.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries in major demographic groups

From May to June, the number of beneficiaries grew among men aged 15 to 24 and 25 to 54. In both groups, most of the rise was due to increases in Quebec. At the same time, the number of beneficiaries was little changed at the national level among men aged 55 and older. For women, the number of EI recipients declined across all major age groups.

Compared with June 2017, the number of beneficiaries decreased in all major demographic groups. The largest declines were among women aged 15 to 24 (-20.2%) and 25 to 54 (-15.1%).

Employment Insurance claims

There were 236,200 claims in June, up 3.7% from May. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

Claims rose notably in New Brunswick (+11.9%) and Prince Edward Island (+10.0%). There were smaller increases in Alberta (+5.8%), Nova Scotia (+5.4%), Quebec (+5.2%), Saskatchewan (+4.0%), Ontario (+2.6%) and Manitoba (+2.0%). At the same time, the number of claims decreased for the second consecutive month in Newfoundland and Labrador (-4.3%), while there was little change in British Columbia.

In the 12 months to June, the number of claims was down slightly (-0.6%) at the national level.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180823/dq180823a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

July 2018

Employment rose by 54,000 in July, driven by gains in part-time work. The unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage points to 5.8%.

In the 12 months to July, employment grew by 246,000 (+1.3%). These gains were largely the result of growth in full-time work (+211,000 or +1.4%). Over this period, the total number of hours worked rose by 1.3%.

Highlights

Ontario, British Columbia and Newfoundland and Labrador recorded employment increases in July. At the same time, the number of workers declined in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, while it was little changed in the other provinces.

Employment rose in a number of services-producing industries: educational services; health care and social assistance; information, culture and recreation; and the "other services" industry. In contrast, employment fell in most goods-producing industries, specifically manufacturing, construction and natural resources.

The employment increase was driven by public sector employees, while there was little change in the number of private sector employees and the self-employed.

In July, employment rose for core-aged women (25 to 54) and edged up for women aged 55 and older. At the same time, employment was little changed for the other demographic groups.

Notable employment increases in three provinces

Employment rose by 61,000 in Ontario, with all the increase in part-time work. The unemployment rate fell 0.5 percentage points to 5.4%, matching the most recent low recorded in July 2000. Compared with July 2017, employment grew by 183,000 (+2.6%).

In British Columbia, the number of people working increased by 11,000 and the unemployment rate was 5.0%. Despite this increase, employment in the province was little changed on a year-over-year basis.

Employment in Newfoundland and Labrador was up 2,400, the first notable increase since October 2017. As more people participated in the labour market, the unemployment rate was virtually unchanged at 15.4%. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province grew by 5,300 (+2.4%).

In Saskatchewan, employment fell by 4,200, bringing the unemployment rate up 0.3 percentage points to 6.6%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment was little changed in the province.

Employment in Manitoba declined by 3,600, mostly offsetting the increase recorded the previous month. The unemployment rate was virtually unchanged at 6.0%, as fewer people participated in the labour market. Employment in the province was little changed compared with July 2017.

In Quebec, employment was essentially unchanged on a month-over-month and year-over-year basis, and the unemployment rate was 5.6% in July.

In Alberta, employment held steady as a decrease in full-time work was largely offset by an increase in the number of people working part time. The unemployment rate was little changed at 6.7%. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province rose 40,000 (+1.7%), all in full-time work.

Employment gains in the services-producing industries

In July, employment increased by 37,000 in educational services, mainly in Ontario and Quebec. At the national level, the gain was mainly in employment in post secondary institutions, particularly universities, and was largely in part-time work. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in educational services increased by 80,000 (+6.3%).

The number of people working in health care and social assistance rose by 31,000, largely in Ontario. Despite this increase, employment in the industry was virtually unchanged on a year-over-year basis.

Employment grew by 12,000 in information, culture and recreation, driven by gains in British Columbia. In the 12 months to July, employment in this industry was little changed.

In "other services," employment was up 11,000, bringing year-over-year gains to 28,000 (+3.7%). "Other services" includes services related to private households, and repair and maintenance.

In contrast, the number of workers declined by 18,000 in manufacturing, more than offsetting the increase in June. In the 12 months to July, employment was little changed in the industry.

Employment in construction decreased by 12,000 in July. On a year-over-year basis, employment in this industry was up 35,000 (+2.5%).

In natural resources, the number of workers was down 5,300 in July and was little changed on a year-over-year basis.

In July, employment for public-sector employees increased 50,000, while the number of employees in the private sector was virtually unchanged. On a year-over-year basis, public-sector employment rose 132,000 (+3.6%) and the number of private-sector employees was up 69,000 (+0.6%).

The number of self-employed workers was little changed both on a month-over-month and on a year-over-year basis.

Employment increases for core-aged women

For the core-aged (25 to 54) population, employment increased by 35,000, boosted by gains among women (+30,000). The unemployment rate for women in this age group was down 0.3 percentage points to 4.9%, while it was unchanged for men at 5.0%. In the 12 months to July, employment grew for both women (+72,000 or +1.2%) and men (+41,000 or +0.6%) in the core-aged group.

In July, employment for women aged 55 and older edged up 12,000 and their unemployment rate declined 0.3 percentage points to 4.2%, matching a low recorded in April 2008. For men in this age group, employment was essentially unchanged and their unemployment rate was 5.8%. On a year-over-year basis, employment for men and women in this age group grew by 148,000 (+3.8%).

Employment for all youth aged 15 to 24 was little changed in July. As fewer of them searched for work, the unemployment rate fell 0.6 percentage points to 11.1%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment for this group was virtually unchanged.

Summer employment for students

From May to August, the Labour Force Survey collects labour market data on youth aged 15 to 24 who were attending school full time in March and who intend to return to school full time in the fall. Published data are not seasonally adjusted; therefore, comparisons can only be made on a year-over-year basis.

In July, employment among students aged 15 to 24 declined by 67,000 (-5.0%) compared with a recent high in July 2017. Over the same period, their unemployment rate fell 1.1 percentage points to 12.8% as fewer students in this age group participated in the labour market.

Employment among students aged 20 to 24 was essentially unchanged compared with July 2017, and their unemployment rate was 6.6%.

For students aged 17 to 19, employment fell 76,000 compared with 12 months earlier. At the same time, their unemployment rate was little changed at 12.9% as fewer students in this age group participated in the labour market.

For 15- and 16-year-olds, employment increased by 22,000 in the 12 months to July. Over the same period, their unemployment rate declined 3.9 percentage points to 24.0%.

Canada–US comparison

Adjusted to the concepts used in the United States, the unemployment rate in Canada was 4.8% in July, compared with 3.9% in the United States. In the 12 months to July 2018, the unemployment rate declined by 0.5 percentage points in Canada and by 0.4 percentage points in the United States.

The labour force participation rate in Canada (adjusted to US concepts) was 65.3% in July compared with 62.9% in the United States. On a year-over-year basis, the participation rate decreased by 0.3 percentage points in Canada, while it was unchanged in the United States.

In July, the US-adjusted employment rate in Canada was 62.2%, compared with 60.5% in the United States. On a year-over-year basis, the employment rate was unchanged in Canada, while it increased by 0.3 percentage points in the United States.

For more information on Canada–US comparisons, see "Measuring Employment and Unemployment in Canada and the United States – A comparison."

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180810/dq180810a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Average Weekly Earnings

Average weekly earnings of payroll employees in British Columbia (seasonally adjusted, current dollars) were 2.0% higher in June compared to the same month of 2017, reaching $963.19.

Nationally, average weekly earnings were up 2.8% (to $999.74) over June 2017. The forestry, logging and support (+13.2%), real estate and rental and leasing (+9.8%), retail trade (+8.6%) and finance and insurance (+7.7%) sectors saw the largest boosts.

Earnings across the country ranged from a high of $1,415.53 in the Northwest Territories to a low of $834.19 in Prince Edward Island. Alberta had the highest average weekly earnings among provinces, at $1,142.75. All provinces and territories recorded increases in average weekly earnings compared to a year ago.

Change in average weekly earnings can be due to a number of factors including wage growth, changes in occupation or job experience, changes in the average work week, and changes in the number of people employed in different industries.

Source: Statistics Canada
BC Stats Infoline

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

June 2018

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $1,000 in June, little changed from the previous month. Compared with 12 months earlier, earnings increased 2.8%.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.8 hours per week in June, little changed from the previous month and from 12-months earlier.

Average weekly earnings by sector

Compared with June 2017, average weekly earnings increased markedly in 5 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by retail trade. At the same time, earnings declined in administrative and support services.

In retail trade, average weekly earnings rose 8.6% to $604. Gains were spread across a number of subsectors, including motor vehicle and parts dealers, as well as general merchandise stores. Ontario contributed the most to the year-over-year earnings growth in the sector.

Among employees in construction, average weekly earnings increased 6.0% to $1,271, led by speciality trade contractors and construction of buildings. Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia accounted for most of the earnings growth in the sector.

In accommodation and food services, earnings grew 4.2% to an average of $404 per week, continuing the upward trend that began in March 2017. Gains were mostly attributable to full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places, the largest industry within the sector. The earnings growth in the sector was largely attributable to Ontario.

For payroll employees in health care and social assistance, average weekly earnings rose 3.8% to $914. The growth was driven by gains in the ambulatory health care services subsector. Most provinces recorded increases in the sector, and the fastest growth was in Newfoundland and Labrador.

In public administration, earnings were up 3.1% to an average of $1,300 per week. The rise in earnings was driven by federal public administration, as well as provincial and territorial public administration. Many occupational groups of the federal public service have signed new collective agreements in or after June 2017. Among the provinces, the fastest pace of earnings growth for the sector was in Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador and Manitoba.

In contrast, average weekly earnings decreased in administrative and support services, down 2.5% to an average of $806 per week, partly due to earnings being at a relatively high point in June 2017. The decline was driven by office administrative services. Alberta contributed the most to the decline, while a notable employment increase in Ontario, where earnings were above the average for the sector, moderated the overall earnings decrease in the sector.

On a year-over-year basis, earnings were little changed in manufacturing; educational services; professional, scientific and technical services; and wholesale trade.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to June, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees increased notably in eight provinces, led by Quebec and Manitoba. At the same time, earnings were little changed in Nova Scotia and Alberta.

In Quebec, average weekly earnings increased 4.0% to $933. Gains were spread across a number of sectors, including construction, health care and social assistance, and public administration. Earnings in the construction sector in Quebec have been on an upward trend since the summer of 2017.

Average weekly earnings in Manitoba rose 4.0% to $930. Growth was spread across most sectors, with health care and social assistance, information and cultural industries, and public administration contributing the most to the rise.

In New Brunswick, average weekly earnings rose 3.5% to $903. Earnings increased in many sectors, most notably administrative and support services and wholesale trade. At the same time, both earnings and employment declines in information and cultural industries moderated the overall growth in the province.

Over the previous 12 months, average weekly earnings grew 3.3% to $1,019 in Ontario, driven by finance and insurance, retail trade and construction.

Average weekly earnings in Newfoundland and Labrador were up 2.7% to $1,060. Many sectors contributed to the increase, including health care and social assistance, public administration and manufacturing. At the same time, notable earnings and employment declines in construction tempered the overall growth in the province.

Average weekly earnings in Prince Edward Island rose 2.3% to $834. Health care and social assistance, retail trade, public administration, and administrative and support services contributed the most to the increase.

In British Columbia, average weekly earnings increased 2.0% to $963. Earnings grew in a number of sectors, with construction and health care and social assistance contributing the most to the rise.

For payroll employees in Saskatchewan, average weekly earnings were up 1.6% to $1,023, driven by public administration and finance and insurance.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

In June, the number of non-farm payroll employees was up by 32,100 from May. The number of payroll jobs increased the most in health care and social assistance, driven by social assistance and ambulatory health care services. Employment also increased markedly in accommodation and food services, led by full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places. At the same time, payroll employment decreased notably in the "other services" sector, led by repair and maintenance, and in the wholesale trade sector.

Compared with June 2017, the number of payroll employees rose by 337,400 (+2.1%). Most sectors were up, led by health care and social assistance (+55,700 or +2.9%) and professional, scientific and technical services (+40,500 or +4.5%).

On a year-over-year basis, the number of payroll jobs also increased markedly in educational services (+38,900 or +3.0%), manufacturing (+37,500 or +2.5%) and public administration (+32,400 or +3.0%). At the same time, there was a notable decline in information and cultural industries (-3,700 or -1.1%). Employment in this sector has been relatively flat since January 2018.

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180830/dq180830c-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan