jobsearchonline

Northeastern British Columbia

INFORMATION    JOBS    CAREERS



Northeastern Review

 

Introduction    Careers & Job Skills     Construction    Energy & Mines    Rig List    Archives

Introduction

February 2018

Unemployment Rate

Labour Force

Employment Insurance

Labour Force Survey

Average Weekly Earnings

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours


Unemployment Rate

 

Northeastern BC Unemployment Rates

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2009

4.6

4.6

6.5

6.5

8.4

7.7

7.0

8.3

7.9

7.2

5.5

5.4

2010

4.9

4.4

4.6

5.3

6.9

7.5

7.2

6.7

7.6

7.6

6.4

7.1

2011

9.0

9.1

8.1

5.4

5.1

4.0

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.3

2012

3.7

3.6

4.2

3.9

4.8

4.3

4.8

4.4

3.8

2013

4.1

4.6

5.2

6.1

4.9

4.5

4.4

4.9

4.9

3.6

4.7

2014

6.6

7.4

8.2

8.6

8.0

5.9

4.7

4.1

4.0

2015

4.2

4.7

5.9

6.1

6.4

5.5

5.5

6.2

7.0

7.6

2016

8.5

9.2

9.7

9.4

9.6

9.2

8.8

8.6

9.4

9.7

10.1

10.5

2017

10.5

8.7

6.5

5.5

7.0

7.3

6.6

5.2

5.2

6.0

5.3

4.6

2018

3.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In January 2018, the unemployment rate in BC is 4.8% and 6.8% in Alberta.

— : suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Labour Force

BC Highlights

The unemployment rate in British Columbia was 4.8% in January, up 0.2 percentage points from December but below the 5.5% it was 12 months ago. Compared to December, the size of the labour force was down slightly (‑1,100), while there was a larger decrease in employment (-5,100) and a rise in the number of unemployed (+3,900). Over the past twelve months, job growth (+59,500) outpaced the growth in the labour force (+42,000).

Compared to December, there were 4,100 more full-time and 9,200 fewer part-time jobs in January. The gain in full-time jobs was felt by the 15 to 24 (+7,800) and 55 and over (+13,700) age groups, while those aged 25 to 54 saw a decline (-17,400) in full-time jobs. Part-time employment went down for those aged 15 to 24 (-7,800) and age 55 and over (-1,600), and remained unchanged for the 25 to 54 age group (+300).

In January, employment in the private sector was up (+6,700), while there were fewer employees in the public sector (-6,300) and the number of self-employed individuals was also down (-5,500).

Provincial Comparisons

At 4.8%, British Columbia’s unemployment rate was the lowest in Canada during the month of January. Quebec had the second lowest unemployment rate (5.4%), followed by Ontario (5.5%), while Alberta’s unemployment rate (7.0%) was fifth highest among the provinces.

Gender

In January, employment in British Columbia for men (aged 25 years and over) was relatively stable with 300 fewer jobs, while the labour force increased by 800. As a result, the unemployment rate was 4.5%, up from 4.4% for the previous month.

For women (aged 25 years and over), employment declined by 5,000 jobs in January. The labour force decreased by 2,200, resulting in the unemployment rate increasing 0.3 percentage points to 4.2%.

Compared to January 2017, the unemployment rate for men was down by 0.3 percentage points to 4.5%, and for women it was down by 0.5 percentage points to 4.2%. Jobs for men increased by 31,700 (+2.9%) compared to a year ago, and for women employment grew by 19,300 (+1.9%).

Youth Aged 15 to 24 Years

The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 years was 7.0% in January, unchanged from the previous month. Total employment was the same, while 300 individuals joined the labour force. The addition of 7,800 full-time positions offset the loss of 7,800 part-time jobs. Compared to January 2017, the unemployment rate for youth declined by 2.8 percentage points to 7.0%.

Industry

Employment in the goods-producing sector was up (+13,900 or +2.8%) overall in January. Construction (+7,800 or +3.3%), manufacturing (+3,900 or +2.2%), agriculture (+3,600 or +15.1%), and utilities (+1,100 or +8.5%) all added positions. On the other hand, forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas saw employment contract by 2,500 (‑5.0%) positions in January. In the twelve months to January, the goods-producing sector added 32,600 (+6.8%) jobs.

In January there were 19,000 (‑1.0%) fewer jobs in the services-producing sector over the previous month. Professional, scientific, and technical services (‑6,300 or ‑3.1%) and finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (‑6,200 or ‑3.9%) posted the largest decreases, followed by educational services (‑4,400 or ‑2.6%), accommodation and food services (‑4,300 or ‑2.4%), and transportation and warehousing (‑3,700 or ‑2.7%). The only service industries that grew were wholesale and retail trade (+12,200 or 3.2%) and other services (+300 or +0.3%). Since January 2017, the services-producing sector has added 26,900 (+1.4%) positions.

Visit the Labour Market Statistics page for detailed data tables and other resources.

BC Stats Infoline

Employment Insurance

There was a 1.2% decline (seasonally adjusted) in the number of people in British Columbia who received employment insurance (EI) benefits in December, compared to November. There were reductions in the number of EI recipients for both men (-1.2%) and women (-1.1%) and across all age groups.

The Kelowna Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) experienced the largest percentage drop in beneficiaries (-4.5% or 770 people), but the Vancouver CMA was the source of the greatest decline in number (2,230 people), despite a percentage decrease of only 0.1%.

Across the country, Canada saw the number of EI beneficiaries fall 1.1%, with reductions in every province except Newfoundland and Labrador (+0.1%). There were also increases in each of the Territories.

There was also a drop in the number of EI claims (an indicator of the number of future EI recipients) in B.C. in December, with 2.1% (seasonally adjusted) fewer claims compared to November. Nationally, claims rose 1.4%, with substantial jumps in Quebec (+7.0%) and New Brunswick (+5.1%). Ontario (+3.0%) and Newfoundland and Labrador (+1.3%) were the only other provinces to have an increase in EI claims.

Data Source: Statistics Canada
BC Stats Infoline

December 2017

In December, 500,100 people received regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, down 1.1% from November. The number of EI recipients has been on a downward trend since October 2016.

There were fewer beneficiaries across many provinces, notably Quebec (-1.9%), Ontario (-1.2%) and British Columbia (-1.2%).

On a year-over-year basis, the number of EI recipients in Canada declined by 11.9% in December, similar to the decreases observed in the previous three months.

In general, variations in the number of beneficiaries can reflect changes in the circumstances in a number of different groups, including those becoming beneficiaries, those going back to work, those exhausting their regular benefits, and those no longer receiving benefits for other reasons.

Provincial and sub-provincial overview

The number of EI beneficiaries in Quebec fell by 1.9% in December to 119,300, continuing a downward trend that began in the summer of 2016. Declines in the province were widespread, led by decreases in the census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Trois-Rivières (-7.1%), Ottawa–Gatineau (Quebec part) (-3.0%), Montréal (-2.2%) and Saguenay (-1.9%). There were also declines in the census agglomerations (CAs) (-3.4%). Compared with December 2016, the number of beneficiaries in the province was down by 10.6%. Over the same period, data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) show that the unemployment rate declined 1.7 percentage points to 5.0%, the second lowest among the provinces.

In Ontario, 126,400 people received benefits in December, down 1.2%. The number of beneficiaries in the province has been on a downward trend since the autumn of 2016. There were declines in the number of EI recipients in the CMAs of Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo (-4.8%), St. Catharines–Niagara (-3.5%), London (-3.0%) and Oshawa (-2.8%), as well as in areas outside of the CMAs and CAs (-1.9%). At the same time, increases in the number of beneficiaries were recorded in the CMAs of Thunder Bay (+3.2%), Greater Sudbury (+3.0%) and Windsor (+2.0%). On a year-over-year basis, the number of beneficiaries in the province fell by 8.5%. According to the LFS, employment in the province rose by 2.6% during the same 12-month period.

The number of beneficiaries in British Columbia was down 1.2% to 46,300 people in December, the fourth decrease in five months. Declines were observed in the CMA of Kelowna (-4.5%), the CAs (-1.9%) and areas outside of the CMAs and CAs (-1.2%). In the 12 months to December, the number of EI recipients in the province decreased 15.8%, coinciding with improving labour market conditions. According to the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey, British Columbia had the lowest number of unemployed people relative to the number of vacancies (unemployment-to-vacancy ratio) among the provinces in the third quarter of 2017.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries by occupation

The number of beneficiaries fell in 9 of the 10 broad occupational groups in the 12 months to December. The largest year-over-year declines were among those whose last job was in natural and applied sciences (-20.4%), business, finance and administration (-17.5%), trades, transport and equipment operators (-13.9%), manufacturing and utilities (-13.1%) and management (-12.6%). A majority of the 10 broad occupational groups have been declining on a year-over-year basis since July 2017.

On the other hand, the number of beneficiaries in education, law and social, community and government services occupations increased 2.9%.

Employment Insurance beneficiaries in major demographic groups

In December, there were declines in the number of beneficiaries for both women and men, driven by decreases among those between the core ages of 25 and 54 (-1.2%). There were also fewer beneficiaries among young men aged 15 to 24 (-1.7%) and women aged 55 and over (-1.4%).

On a year-over-year basis, beneficiaries declined in all major demographic groups, led by core-aged men (-15.5%). There were also notable declines in the number of male beneficiaries aged 15 to 24 (-14.8%) and core-aged female beneficiaries (-11.2%).

Employment Insurance claims

The number of EI claims totalled 232,200 in December, up 1.4% from November. The number of claims provides an indication of the number of people who could become beneficiaries.

Claims increased in Quebec (+7.0%), New Brunswick (+5.1%), Ontario (+3.0%) and Newfoundland and Labrador (+1.3%). In turn, there were decreases in a number of provinces, most notably Saskatchewan (-11.9%) and Alberta (-7.8%). Smaller declines were registered in Manitoba (-2.5%), British Columbia (-2.1%), Prince Edward Island (-1.5%) and Nova Scotia (-1.2%).

Compared with December 2016, the number of claims fell by 2.1% nationally.

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/180215/dq180215a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Labour Force Survey

January 2018

Following two months of increases, employment fell by 88,000 in January. Part-time employment declined (-137,000), while full-time employment was up (+49,000). At the same time, the unemployment rate increased by 0.1 percentage points to 5.9%.

On a year-over-year basis, employment grew by 289,000 or 1.6%. Gains were driven by increases in full-time work (+414,000 or +2.8%), while there were fewer people working part time (-125,000 or -3.5%). Over the same period, hours worked rose by 2.8%.

Highlights

In January, employment declined for core-aged women (25 to 54 years old), as well as people 55 and older and youth aged 15 to 24. There was little change for core-aged men.

The largest employment declines were in Ontario and Quebec. There were also decreases in New Brunswick and Manitoba.

Declines were spread across a number of industries, including educational services; finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing; professional, scientific and technical services; construction; and health care and social assistance. On the other hand, employment increased in business, building, and other support services.

In January, the number of employees fell in both the private and public sectors, while the number of self-employed workers held steady.

Demographic overview

Employment among core-aged women fell by 45,000 in January. Their unemployment rate was little changed at 4.9%, as fewer women participated in the labour market. On a year-over-year basis, employment for this group was virtually unchanged.

Among people aged 55 and older, employment fell by 24,000 in January, with all of the decline in part-time work. Their unemployment rate was little changed at 5.3%. On a year-over-year basis, employment for this group rose by 187,000 (+4.9%), partly due to the continued aging of the baby-boom cohort. The pace of employment growth over this period was faster for women (+7.0%) in this group than it was for men (+3.2%).

For youth aged 15 to 24, employment declined by 22,000 in January, as full-time gains were more than offset by part-time losses. The youth unemployment rate was little changed at 10.9%, but was down 2.2 percentage points compared with January 2017. On a year-over-year basis, youth employment held steady.

Employment for core-aged men was little changed in January, as full-time increases were offset by part-time declines. The unemployment rate for this group was little changed in the month, at 5.0%, but was down 0.9 percentage points compared with 12 months earlier. On a year-over-year basis, employment for core-aged men was up by 75,000 (+1.2%), driven by gains in full-time work.

Employment in Ontario declined by 51,000 in January, entirely due to losses in part-time work. The unemployment rate was 5.5%, little changed as fewer people participated in the labour market. Compared with January 2017, employment in the province grew by 104,000 (+1.5%) and the unemployment rate declined by 0.9 percentage points.

Following three months of increases, employment in Quebec fell by 17,000, driven by part-time declines. The unemployment rate increased 0.4 percentage points to 5.4%, as more people searched for work. On a year-over-year basis, employment in Quebec rose by 71,000 (+1.7%) and the unemployment rate was down 0.9 percentage points.

Employment fell by 5,800 in New Brunswick, and the unemployment rate increased 1.3 percentage points to 9.1%. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province was little changed.

In Manitoba, employment fell by 3,600, as part-time gains were more than offset by full-time losses. The unemployment rate was unchanged at 5.6%, as fewer people were participating in the labour market. On a year-over-year basis, employment in the province grew by 7,100 (+1.1%).

Overall employment in Alberta was little changed in January, as large part-time declines were mostly offset by full-time increases. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in the province rose by 46,000 (+2.0%), entirely due to increases in full-time work. Over the same period, the unemployment rate in Alberta was down 1.7 percentage points to 7.0%.

Industry perspective

In educational services, employment fell by 20,000 in January. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment was at virtually the same level.

Employment in finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing declined by 18,000 and was little changed on a year-over-year basis.

There were 17,000 fewer people working in professional, scientific and technical services in January. Despite this decline, employment in this industry grew by 34,000 (+2.4%) compared with 12 months earlier.

In construction, employment fell by 15,000 in January, while it rose by 33,000 (+2.4%) on a year-over-year basis.

Employment in health care and social assistance declined by 11,000 in January. On a year-over-year basis, there was little change in this industry.

There were also declines in natural resources (-5,900). Employment in this industry was virtually unchanged compared with January 2017.

In business, building and other support services, employment rose by 11,000. On a year-over-year basis, employment was little changed.

In January, the number of employees declined by 71,000 in the private sector and by 41,000 in the public sector. On a year-over-year basis, there were 109,000 (+0.9%) more private sector employees, while public sector employment was little changed.

Self-employment was little changed in January, but was up 141,000 (+5.1%) on a year-over-year basis.

Canada–United States comparison

Adjusted to US concepts, the unemployment rate in Canada was 4.9% in January, compared with 4.1% in the United States. The unemployment rate for both countries trended downward in the 12 months to January.

The labour force participation rate in Canada (adjusted to US concepts) was 65.5% in January, compared with 62.7% in the United States. On a year-over-year basis, the participation rate declined by 0.3 percentage points in Canada, while it was down 0.2 percentage points in the United States.

The US-adjusted employment rate in Canada was 62.2% in January, compared with 60.1% in the United States. On a year-over-year basis, the employment rate rose by 0.2 percentage points in both Canada and the United States.

For more information on Canada–US comparisons, see "Measuring Employment and Unemployment in Canada and the United States – A comparison."

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/180209/dq180209a-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan

Average Weekly Earnings

Average weekly earnings of payroll employees in British Columbia (seasonally adjusted, current dollars) went up in December, increasing by $5.37 (+0.6%) to reach $956.91.

Compared to December 2016, average weekly earnings in British Columbia increased by 2.7%, ranking second among provinces (tied with Saskatchewan). Growth was spread across most sectors, with the largest gains recorded in management of companies and enterprises (+24.0), and real estate and rental and leasing (+15.9%).

Nationally, average weekly earnings grew by 0.2% compared to the previous month. Management of companies and enterprises (+6.5%), administrative and support, waste management and remediation services (+4.9%), and utilities (+4.8%) saw the largest increases for the month. Compared to December 2016, earnings increased by 2.3% to reach $992.87.

Earnings across the country ranged from a high of $1,419.91 in the Northwest Territories to a low of $832.99 in Prince Edward Island. Alberta had the highest average weekly earnings among provinces in December, at $1,135.29.

Note that average weekly earnings change due to a number of factors including wage growth, changes in occupation or job experience, changes in the average work week, and changes in the number of people employed in different industries.

Average Weekly Earnings 2017

British Columbia average weekly earnings grew by 2.5% in 2017, to reach $942.01. The increase was second largest among provinces. Management of companies and enterprises (+9.7%), and utilities (+5.4%) saw the largest gains in the year.

Earnings across the country increased by 2.0% in 2017, led by Quebec (+2.8%). All provinces and territories saw an increase in earnings for the year, with the exception of the Northwest Territories (‑0.4%). Prince Edward Island saw the smallest gain among provinces growing 0.3% compared to 2016.

Source: Statistics Canada and CANSIM Table 281-0026
BC Stats Infoline

Payroll Employment, Earnings & Hours

December 2017

Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $993 in December, little changed from the previous month. Compared with December 2016, earnings rose 2.3%, with all of the increase occurring in the second half of 2017.

In general, changes in weekly earnings reflect a number of factors, including wage growth; changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience; and average hours worked per week.

Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 33.0 hours per week in December, unchanged from the previous month and up from 32.8 hours in December 2016. Following a low point in February, average weekly hours have trended upward throughout most of 2017.

The overall growth in average weekly hours was driven by hourly paid employees. Average weekly hours for this group, which account for about 60% of non-farm payroll employment, increased from 29.9 hours in April to 30.3 hours in December.

Average weekly earnings by sector

Compared with 12 months earlier, average weekly earnings increased in 5 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by wholesale trade and accommodation and food services. At the same time, earnings declined in administrative and support services and were little changed in professional, scientific and technical services; construction; educational services; and manufacturing.

In wholesale trade, average weekly earnings rose 6.7% to $1,217. Following a relatively low point in December 2016, earnings in this sector have been trending upward throughout most of 2017. Wholesalers of machinery, equipment and supplies accounted for the bulk of the year-over-year increase. Ontario, Quebec and Alberta contributed the most to the earnings growth in this sector.

Among employees in accommodation and food services, average weekly earnings increased 5.9% to $394, driven by gains in full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places, as well as traveller accommodation. Earnings in this sector have been on an upward trend since March. Provincially, Ontario and British Columbia contributed the most to the rise.

In health care and social assistance, earnings grew 3.9% to an average of $910 per week. Gains were spread across most subsectors, with ambulatory health care services and hospitals contributing the most to the increase. The earnings gains in the sector were largely the result of increases in Quebec, British Columbia and Alberta.

For retail trade employees, average weekly earnings rose 3.8% to $586, with most of the growth occurring from September to December. Increases were spread across the majority of the subsectors. Ontario and British Columbia contributed the most to the increase.

In public administration, earnings were up 2.6% to an average of $1,278 per week, driven by gains in local, municipal and regional public administration; as well as in provincial and territorial public administration. Ontario accounted for the majority of the year-over-year growth.

In contrast, average weekly earnings in administrative and support services fell 3.0% to $799, down from a relatively high point in December 2016. The year-over-year decline was driven by employment services, and investigation and security services. Among the provinces, Nova Scotia, Alberta and British Columbia had the largest decreases in this sector.

Average weekly earnings by province

In the 12 months to December, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees increased in eight provinces, led by Quebec. Over the same period, earnings were little changed in Newfoundland and Labrador and in Nova Scotia.

In Quebec, average weekly earnings rose 3.9% to $922, with the majority of the gains occurring in the second half of 2017. Growth was spread across many sectors, and the largest contributors were health care and social assistance; professional, scientific and technical services; utilities; and wholesale trade.

For payroll employees in Saskatchewan, average weekly earnings were up 2.7% to $1,034. Gains were spread across a number of sectors, led by construction, retail trade and accommodation and food services. A notable increase in the number of employees in the high-paying mining, quarrying and oil and gas extraction sector also contributed to the rise.

Earnings in British Columbia grew 2.7% to an average of $957 per week. Earnings increased in many sectors, and the largest contributors were health care and social assistance, manufacturing, and retail trade.

Average weekly earnings in Manitoba increased 2.6% to $921, with construction as well as health care and social assistance contributing the most to the rise.

Earnings in Prince Edward Island rose 1.8% to an average of $848 per week. The largest contributors were educational services and construction.

In Ontario, average weekly earnings were up 1.7% to $1,010, with wholesale trade; professional, scientific and technical services; and public administration contributing the most to the increase. Earnings in the province have been on an upward trend since August.

Average weekly earnings in New Brunswick grew 1.6% to $898, with notable gains in real estate and rental and leasing, administrative and support services, transportation and warehousing, and wholesale trade.

Among payroll employees in Alberta, average weekly earnings were up 1.2% to $1,149, with health care and social assistance, and wholesale trade making the largest contributions to the rise. Earnings in the province have been trending upward since the summer.

Non-farm payroll employment by sector

In December, the number of non-farm payroll employees increased by 31,600 (+0.2%) from November. The number of payroll jobs increased in several sectors, most notably in educational services; health care and social assistance; and professional, scientific and technical services. At the same time, payroll employment declined sharply in retail trade and in mining, quarrying and oil and gas extraction.

The employment increase in educational services in December was mostly attributable to community colleges and CEGEPs, following a decline in November which coincided with the college faculty strike in Ontario.

Compared with December 2016, the number of payroll employees rose by 317,100 (+2.0%), with most of the increase occurring during the second and the third quarters of 2017. Most sectors reported gains, led by health care and social assistance (+42,100 or +2.2%) and educational services (+37,300 or +3.0%). Similar overall employment gains were recorded in the Labour Force Survey (+2.3%).

On a year-over-year basis, the number of payroll jobs also increased notably in manufacturing (+32,700 or +2.2%), accommodation and food services (+27,000 or +2.1%), and professional, scientific and technical services (+26,400 or +3.0%).

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/180223/dq180223b-eng.htm?CMP=mstatcan